Uncle Tom's CabinWritten by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it eternally transformed the view on slavery of the American people. The book was written in protest for abolition. It upset the South to the point they sought out to ban the book. Uncle Tom's Cabin though, became a best seller in the US, Britain, Europe, and Asia despite such minor negativity.
Staff of the Harriet Beecher Stowe Center. "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Welcome to the Harriet Beecher Stowe Center. Web. 03
Kansas-Nebraska ActPopular sovereignty was enabled to the Kansas/Nebraska people. It is also greatly known for repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The cancelation of the compromise upset the North and was supported by the South. The differences caused huge conflict in Kansas, which later nicknamed “Bleeding Kansas” because of the high bloodshed.
The History Place Staff. "Abraham Lincoln: Kansas-Nebraska Act." The History Place. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://historyplace.com/lincoln/kansas.htm.
Dred Scott DecisionThe decision landed Mr. Scott to stay as a slave. The Supreme Court based their decision on the belief that slaves could never be citizens, thus he wasn’t under the right to sue. It was brought up as well that they couldn’t change his slave status even if he was eligible. This statement is based off the claim that the federal government was powerless in the pr
PBS Online Staff . "Dred Scott." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2932.html.
Election of 1860In the end Lincoln won. Though, during the election it was chaos. This chaos, specifically between the Democrats, put the Republicans at an advantage. They had Lincoln as their candidate. They believed he could succeed in the majority of Electoral College and the North. His competition was Stephen Douglass—Northern Democrat and John C. Breckenridge—Southern Demo
Ushistory.org Staff. "The Election of 1860 [ushistory.org]." Ushistory.org. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://www.ushistory.org/us/32d.asp.
Confederate States of AmericaWas assembled by delegates of the six Deep South States. The meeting in Montgomery, Alabama made it official.They had completely sectioned off themselves from the others. They went as far to initiate their own constitution and assign dual functions. Jefferson Davies was their president
Tscheschlok, Eric. "An Essay from 19th Century U.S. Newspapers Database Confederate States of America." Gale.cengage.com. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. http://www.gale.cengage.com/pdf/whitepapers/gdc/Confederate_whtppr.pdf.
Emancipation ProclamationDeclared all slaves in lands rebellious toward the federal government free. Since most of the slaves in the southern areas controlled by the Union and the Border States remained slaves, a small lot were truly free. It most definitely didn’t end American slavery.It showed all America and foreigners that abolition was the war motivator.
Miller, Douglas T. "The Emancipation Proclamation." LibertyOnline® Home Page. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://libertyonline.hypermall.com/Lincoln/emancipate.html.
Gettysburg AddressAbraham Lincoln delivered this famous speech.It was presented to the public at the Gettysburg Civil War Cemetery dedication. It made a big impact on the people. Reactions varied, depending on political standpoint, but they were strongly opinionated. Newspapers were disapproving, while supporters were pleased.
Cornell University Staff. "The Gettysburg Address." Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/gettysburg/never_forget.htm.
Freedman's BureauIt’s full title is The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. It was a branch of the War Department. Their main goal was of the care of refugees and freedmen. Tasks included giving out rations, clothing, and medicine. Other jobs was gathering land/property by former Confederate States that took custody of. Bureau Headquarters are who kept up with and established records.
Freedmen's Bureau Staff. The Freedmen's Bureau Online. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://freedmensbureau.com/.
Appomattox Courthouse, VirginiaSouthern surrender after four years of Civil War.The location was at the home of Wilmer and Virginia McLean.The terms set a precedent for following surrenders.Helped bring down the rest of southern fighters.
National Park Service Online Staff. "Appomattox Court House National Historical Park - The Surrender Meeting between Lee and Grant (U.S. National Park Service)." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://www.nps.gov/apco/the-surrender.htm.
Lincoln's AssassinationThe assassinator was a famous actor and Confederate supporter,John Wilkes Booth. He shot Lincoln at the Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. during the showing of “Our American Cousin.” Lincoln died the next morning. Booth shot 12 days after.
History Channel Staff. "Abraham Lincoln's Assassination — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://www.history.com/topics/abraham-lincoln-assassination.
13th AmendmentThis amendment was the official finishing of slavery in the US. The Republicans wanted full out destruction of slavery, while the Democrats widhed to restore state's rights, but have slavery still continued in the states. It had been ratified eight months after the Civil War ended. President Lincoln saw it as a necessity to be sure of aboliton. History Channel Staff. "13th Amendment Ratified — History.com This Day in History — 12/6/1865." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World
14th AmendmentAll people born or naturalized in the US,including slaves were deemed citizens.Due process and equal protection was also granted to the oppressed people.Kown title “Reconstruction Amendment”.Most southern states rejected it.
Library of Congress Staff. "14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)." Library of Congress Home. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/14thamendment.html.
15th AmendmentWas never acknowledged for a whole century. It gave black men the right to vote. Most found a way around the amendment. They did it by poll taxes, literacy tests and other means. They deprived blacks until 1965.
Library of Congress Staff. "15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)." Library of Congress Home. Web. 03 Oct. 2011. http://loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/15thamendment.html.
Election of 1876Both political parties seeked to find candidates to nominate that would gain back the publics' trust after the Grant scandal. The Democrats' candidate was Samuel Tilden. The Republicans had Rutherford B. Hayes. There was a disagreement in the final stages of the election do to a dispute on 20 votes in electoral. The "Compromise of 1877" set conclusion. In the end Hayes won.U-s-history.com Staff. "Election of 1876." U-s-history.com. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h221.html.