Environmental Science time line

  • Federal Water Pollution Control Act

    Federal Water Pollution Control Act
    Created a comprehensive set of water quality programs that also provided some financing for state and local governments.
  • Air Pollution Control Act

    Air Pollution Control Act
    The first United States Clean Air Act enacted by Congress to address the national environmental problem of air pollution.
  • Clean Air Act

    Clean Air Act
    A United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level. It requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop and enforce regulations to protect the general public from exposure to airborne contaminants that are known to be hazardous to human health. The 1963 Act established a basic research program, which was expanded in 1967.
  • Water Quality Act

    Water Quality Act
    Required states to issue water quality standards for interstate waters, and authorized the newly created Federal Water Pollution Control Administration to set standards where states failed to do so.
  • Solid Waste Disposal Act

    Solid Waste Disposal Act
    A broad attempt to address the solid waste problems confronting the nation through a series of research projects, investigations, experiments, training, demonstrations, surveys, and studies.
  • National Environmental Policy Act

    National Environmental Policy Act
    A United States environmental law that established a U.S. national policy promoting the enhancement of the environment and also established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ).
  • Marine Mammal Protection Act

    Marine Mammal Protection Act
    The first act of Congress to call specifically for an ecosystem approach to natural resource management and conservation. Prohibits the taking of marine mammals, and enacts a moratorium on the import, export, and sale of any marine mammal, along with any marine mammal part or product within the United States.
  • Noise control act

    Noise control act
    Established mechanisms of setting emission standards for virtually every source of noise, including motor vehicles, aircraft, certain types of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment and major appliances.
  • Clean Water Act

    Clean Water Act
    The primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution. Established the goals of eliminating releases of high amounts of toxic substances into water, eliminating additional water pollution by 1985, and ensuring that surface waters would meet standards necessary for human sports and recreation by 1983.
  • Endangered Species Act

    Endangered Species Act
    Designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
  • Safe Drinking Water Act

    Safe Drinking Water Act
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to set standards for drinking water quality and oversee all states, localities, and water suppliers who implement these standards.
  • Hazardous Materials Transportation Act

    Hazardous Materials Transportation Act
    Objective is to provide adequate protection against the risks to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous material in commerce by improving the regulatory and enforcement authority of the Secretary of Transportation.
  • Toxic Substances Control Act

    Toxic Substances Control Act
    Prohibits the manufacture or importation of chemicals that are not on the TSCA Inventory (or subject to one of many exemptions).
  • CERCLA (Superfund)

    CERCLA (Superfund)
    Designed to clean up sites contaminated with hazardous substances.
  • Food Security Act

    Food Security Act
    A 5-year omnibus farm bill, allowed lower commodity price and income supports and established a dairy herd buyout program.
  • Emergency Wetlands Resources Act

    Emergency Wetlands Resources Act
    Allocated funds from the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) for the purchase of wetlands by the Secretary of Interior, who is head of the United States Department of the Interior.
  • Oil Pollution Act

    Oil Pollution Act
    Mitigate and prevent civil liability from the future oil spills off the coast of the United States.
  • Pollution Prevention Act

    Pollution Prevention Act
    Focused industry, government, and public attention on reducing the amount of pollution through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use.
  • Food Quality Protection Act

    Food Quality Protection Act
    Standardized the way the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) would manage the use of pesticides and amended the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act.
  • Healthy Forests Initiative

    Healthy Forests Initiative
    The main thrusts of the law are to thin overstocked stands, clear away vegetation and trees to create shaded fuel breaks, provide funding and guidance to reduce or eliminate hazardous fuels in National Forests, improve forest fire fighting, and research new methods to halt destructive insects.