english literature timeline By samuelayala9903 731 THE VENERABLE BEDE AND CONTRIBUTIONS The venerable Bede (beda) write and finished the history of the Engish church, he was an expert in history and religion. Beda has the Title " the father of the English History" Period: 731 to 1300 Begin the history (VIII - XIV) 950 INFLUENCE OF THE EDDAS The material of the Eddas, first to influence in Iceland, was influence from Norway, Britain and Burgundy (Borgoña - Francia) Period: 1300 to 1469 Century XIV - XV Period: 1343 to 1400 GEOFFREY CHAUCER One of the four yeoman of the Edwards III´s chamber, this person write some famous poems like TROILUS AND CRISEIDE, and begin the 100 CANTERBURY TALES, but only made 24, he died in 1400. 1367 WILL, THE NARRATOR His name could be form Langland, begins the epic poem of PIERS PLOWMAN 1375 POEM SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT This famous poem talk about a misterious visitor to the round table of king Arthur 1469 THOMAS MALORY He was jailed in England, in this moment Malory compiles MORTE D´ ARTHUR, an English account of the French tales of king Arthur Period: 1469 to 1510 Century XV - XVI 1510 WILLIAM TYNDALE Tyndale wanted tranlate the Bible to english, for this reason studies in the university at Wittenberg Period: 1510 to 1601 Century XVI - XVII 1567 TRANSLATE OF THE WORD OF GOD On 1567 the book of common prayer an the new Testament are published in eglish, in the city of Welsh. later in 1588 is published the Bible complete. 1588 THE BIBLE The Bible is published in english completely 1590 EDMUND SPENCER Celebrates the protestant Elizabeth I, as the FAERIE QUENEE 1601 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The central charactaer in Hamlet expresses both the ideals of the Renaissance and desillusion of a less confident age Period: 1601 to 1702 Century XVII - XVIII 1609 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The sonnets he wrote 10 years ago are published finally. 1616 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE AND JOHN SMITH While john published A DESCRIPTION OF NEW ENGLAND product of his exploration in 1614, William Shakespeare died in New Place. 1623 SHAKSPEARE PLAYS Jhon Heminge and Henry Condell publish 36 plays of Shakespeare in the First Folio. 1650 ANNE BRADSRTEET The poems of this author are published in London with the title THE TENTH MUSE LATELY SPRUNG UP AMERICA. 1690 JOHN LOCKE Was published his essay CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING, arguing that all the knowledge is based in the experience 1702 AGE OF ENGLISH LITERATURE This era start to grow with the flowering of Augustus Caesar Period: 1702 to 1804 Century XVIII - XIX 1719 DANIEL DEFOE ROBINSON CRUSOE, the novel of Daniel Defoe, has detailed realism, for this reason is considered like the first english novel 1726 JONATHAN SWIFT Start his series with travels with a little satiric mode in the Gulliver´s travels 1747 SAMUEL RICHARDSON Begins the correspondence that grows into the longest novel in the english language 1751 THOMAS GREY Publishes his ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCH YARD 1768 ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA A group of gentleman in the city of Scotland start to publicate the most immensely succesfull information´s book named Enciclopaedia Britannica 1776 EDWARD GIBBON A english historian named Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE 1782 LEWIS CARROL Publishes his second story of Alice´s adventures, TRHOUGH THE LOOKING GLASS. 1791 THOMAS PAINE This man publishes the first part of the RIGHTS OF MAN, that like consecuence of Burke´s reflections about the revolution in France 1798 WORDSWORTH AND COLERIDGE 2 english poets, both published the LIRICAL BALLADS, a famous work in the Romantic movement 1804 WILLIAM BLAKE Write his book MILTON where he put a poem named JERUSALEM. Period: 1804 to 1900 Century XIX - XX 1813 JANE AUSTEN Was published her second novel PRIDE AND PREJUDICE. it was based in the work FIRST IMPRESSIONS to 1797 1818 PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY He published his best - known poem, OZYMANDIAS 1824 CHARLES DICKENS With 12 years old, start to work on a boot-blacking factory 1836 CHARLES DICKENS With 24 years old start to publish monthly his first work of fiction, PICKWICK PAPERS, later in 1837 is published in a book. and then, on 1838 is published also on a book his work OLIVER TWIST. 1845 FRIEDRICH ENGELS After to see the difficult conditions of the workers in a textile factory, start and publish THE CONDITTION OF THE WORKING CLASS IN ENGLAND. 1849 CHARLES DICKENS Start to publish monthly his favorite work, DAVID COPPERFIELD 1859 CHARLES DARWIN After 20 years of investigation, present the theory of evolution in the ORIGIN OF SPECIES. 1859 CHARLES DICKENS Publishes his novel about the French revolution, A TALE OF TWO CITIES. 1860 CHARLES DICKENS Begins serial publication of his novel GREAT EXPECTATIONS, later in 1861, was published in a book. 1861 HENRY WOOD He publishes his work EAST LYNNE, this novel come to be the basic and popular work for all the Victorian melodramas 1863 SAMUEL CLEMENS (MARK TWAIN) Mark Twain was th pseudinym of Samuel Clemens, that was to publishfor the first time an article of the VIRGINIA CITY´S TERRITORIAL ENTERPRISE 1869 MATHEW ARNOLD Publishes his work CULTURE AND ANARCHY, comes to be a very popular and influential essay in the cotemporary society 1872 PRAGMATISM Pragmatisim emerges like a philosofical approach in the meetings of the metaphisical club in CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts. 1876 MARK TWAIN Publishes the story THE AVENTURES OF TOM SAWER, it´s about a child tom and his friends in a samll city on the Mississippi. 1880 LEW WALLACE Publishes the historical novel: BEN-HUR A TALE OF THE CHRIST. 1884 MARK TWAIN Publishes the next story after the adventures of Tom Sawer, THE ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN, a tom sawer´s friend. 1884 OXFORD The Oxfod university publishes the A volume of the NEW ENGLISH DICTIONARY, the dictionary take 37 years to finish all the content until Z 1886 ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON Introduces a dual personality in his novel THE STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE. 1891 OSCAR WILDE Publishes the famous novel THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY, where the picture of the youthful hero started to chanche to be an old and ugly face. 1892 WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS Who founds THE NATIONAL LITERARY SOCIETY in Dublin, the first president was douglas hyde. 1894 RUDYARD KIPLING Author of THE JUNGLE BOOK, it´s about a child named Mowgli who start to have adventures with a vivid animals guardians in the jungle. 1897 BRAM STOKER An english author who publishes his first popular novel, DRACULA, his gothic tale of vampirism in Transylvania. 1900 FRANK BAUM Introduces new characters on his work, for example children to Oz, in his book THE WONDERFUL WIZARD OF OZ Period: 1900 to 2000 Century XX - XIX 1901 BEATRIX POTTER Publishes THE TALE OF PETER RABBIT 1903 WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDRT DU BOIS Publishes PRINCIPIA ETHICA, an attempt to apply logic to the ethics 1905 THOMAS DIXON Present the popular novel THE CLANSMAN, in this novel is presented the KU KUX KLAN like heroic people. 1912 EDNA ST VINCENT MILLAYS A university student who published a little poem, who come to be a great published collection, the title is RENASCENSE 1914 EDGAR BURROUGHS The author of TARZAN, on this date was the first appereance of this novel TARZAN OF THE APES. 1915 VIRGINIA WOOLF Was an english writer who publishes his first novel THE VOYAGE OUT. 1922 DAVID HERBERT LAURENCE He moves to Sydney, and write the bulk of his novel KANGAROO 1925 SCOOT FITZGERALD Publishes the famous novel THE GREAT GATSBY talk about a contemporary world where is hold by the crime with no laws. 1926 THOMAS EDWARD LAWRENCE Make their first appereance POOH, PIGLET, EEYORE on WINNIE THE POOH. 1931 EDMUND WILSON Who publishes the AXELS´S CASTLE, is a collection od essays about writers in the symbolist tradition 1932 CLIVE STAPLES LEWIS (C.S. LEWIS) He was a British author, publishes a moral parable (story) about the problems confronting a trainee devil, THE SCREWTAPE LETTERS. 1935 THOMAS STEARNS ELIOT Play MURDER IN THE CATHEDRAL, this work has the first performance in the Canterbury cathedral. 1936 ALFRED JULES AYER When he was 26 years old, produces a classic exposition of logical Positivism in his work LANGUAGE, TRUTH AND LOGIC. 1940 EDMUND WILSON Disccuses the development of the socialism and the revolution culminating in Lenin and Trotsky, on his work TO THE FINLAND STATION 1945 EVELYN WAUGH Publishes BRIDESHEAD REVISITED, a novel about a rich Catholic family in England between the wars 1949 GWENDOLYN BROOKS Write a type of poem, ANNIE ALLEN, wich describes in narrative verse the life of a black girl in contemporary USA. 1950 CLIVE STAPLES LEWIS (C.S. LEWIS) Gives the first glimpse of NARNIA, THE LION, THE WITCH AND THE WARDROBE. 1951 HANNAH ARENDT A US philosopher who was born in German links Hitler's and Stalin's regimes in THE ORIGINS OF TOTALITARIANISM 1953 IAN FLEMING His first novel JAMES BOND, AGENT 007. CASINO ROYALE. 1954 WISTON CHURCHILL Was a politician who completes his six volume history THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 1955 JOHN RONALD REUEL TOLKIEN A british philologist who publishes the third and final volume of his world famous fantasy work THE LORD OF THE RINGS. 1958 JOHN KENETH GALBRAITH A US economist who criticizes the wasteful modern consumerisim, on is work THE AFFLUENT SOCIETY 1960 CHARLES BUKOUSKI A us poet, published th first of his big collections of poems FLOWER, FIRST AND BESTIAL WAIL. 1961 JANE JACOBS A political activist, who publishes an influential polemic THE DEATH AND LIFE OF GRAT AMERICAN CITIES. 1962 DORIS LESSING A british author who publishes an influential Feminist novel, THE GOLDEN NOTEBOOK 1964 ROALD DAHL Publishes a fantasy treat for a starving child, CHARLIE AND THE CHOCOLATE FACTORY. 1965 MALCOLM X The life of Malcolm is published after his assassination, based on the interviews given to Alex Haley 1972 CARYL CHURCHILL An english dramatist, produces her first play, OWNERS, in London 1973 PATRICK WHITE The first Australian to win the Novel prize of Literature 1973 STHEPHEN KING An US author who publishes CARRIE, the first of his famous and epics horror novel´s collections 1979 PETER SHAFFER AMADEUS, the play about MOZART, has its premiere in London 1984 ROBERT PINSKY Publishes an acclaimed verse translation, THE INFERNO OF DANTE 1987 TOM WOLFE an US author who gives a point of view very gothic about new york in his novel THE BONFIRE OF THE VANITIES. 1991 MICHAEL ONDAATJE A canadian poet and novelist who publishes THE ENGLISH PATIENT. 1995 PHILLIP LEVINE An US poet who wins a Pulitzer prize with his volume of poems SIMPLE TRUTH 1997 JOHANNE ROWLING (J.K. ROWLING) A schoolboy wizard performs his first tricks in HARRY POTTER AND THE PHILOSOPHER´S STONE . 2000 PHILLIP PULLMAN It´s published THE AMBER SPYGLASS the final work of the trilogy, HIS DARK MATERIALS.