ENGLISH LITERATURE

  • 800

    BEOWULF

    BEOWULF
    The first great work of Germanic literature mixes Scandinavian legends with the Anglo and Saxon experience in England. the greatest achievement of ancient English literature and the first epic written in ancient English and Anglo-Saxon. These are events from the beginning of the 6th century and it is believed that it was composed between 700 and 750. http://leyendasmedievales.over-blog.es/2018/06/la-leyenda-de-beowulf-el-poema-y-su-transfondo-historico.html
  • 950

    THE EDDAS

    The material of the Eddas, taking shape in Iceland, derives from previous sources in Norway, Great Britain and Burgundy. https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780191737053.timeline.0001
  • 1300

    DUNS SCOTUS

    DUNS SCOTUS
    Duns Scotus, known as the Subtle Doctor in medieval times, later gives the humanists the name Dunsman or dunce.
    It is one of the greatest exponents of medieval scholasticism. Already recognized by his own contemporaries as a teacher of extraordinary sharpness, to the point of deserving the title of Doctor Subtilis. http://www.philosophica.info/voces/escoto/Escoto.html
  • 1340

    OCKHAM

    William de Ockham advocates reducing arguments to their essential elements, an approach later known as Ockham's Razor.
    Ockham has been chosen as the prominent opponent of Thomas Aquinas. He was a brave man with an extraordinarily sharp mind. His philosophy was radical in his day and continues to provide information on current philosophical debates. https://www.iep.utm.edu/ockham/
  • 1367

    PIERS PLOWMAN

    A narrator who calls himself Will, and whose name may be Langland, begins Piers Plowman's epic poem. The poem takes the form of a series of dream visions related to the difficult social and spiritual situation of England in the late fourteenth century. In general, the language is simple and colloquial, but some of the images are powerful and direct. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Piers-Plowman
  • 1367

    GEOFFREY CHAUCER

    GEOFFREY CHAUCER
    One of the four new members of the chamber in the house of Edward III is Geoffrey Chaucer.
    Good connoisseur of French courtly literature (Deschamps, Machault), his influence is felt in the first part of his work; He is credited with the English translation of the famous Roman de la rose. Ruiza, M., Fernández, T. and Tamaro, E. (2004). Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer. Barcelona, Spain). Retrieved from https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/c/chaucer.htm on December 19, 2019.
  • 1387

    CANTERBURY TALES

    CANTERBURY TALES
    Chaucer begins an ambitious plan for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 at the time of his death.
    it is a collection of twenty-four stories written in middle English by the English writer Geoffrey Chaucer. They were mostly written in verse, although there are two in prose. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_cuentos_de_Canterbury
  • 1524

    WILLIAN TYNDALE

    WILLIAN TYNDALE
    William Tyndale studies at the University of Wittenberg and plans to translate the Bible into English.
    his translation of the Bible, although incomplete, gave his most secure title to fame. Its substantial accuracy and fidelity were fully supported by the translators of the Authorized Version, which not only retained the substance of its translation where it was available, but adopted its style and method as its model throughout the work.
    https://www.iglesiapueblonuevo.es
  • 1564

    Marlowe and Shakespeare

    Marlowe and Shakespeare
    Marlowe and Shakespeare are born in the same year, with Marlowe the oldest for two months. (Canterbury, England, 1564 - Deptford, id., 1593) English playwright and poet. https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/m/marlowe.htm
  • BEN JONSON

    BEN JONSON
    The satirical voice of the English playwright Ben Jonson is heard with great effect on Volpone.
    Volpone or the fox is a theatrical comedy by Ben Jonson. It was produced in 1606 and contains descriptive elements of life in London, black comedy and fable. It is a scathing satire about greed and lust. It has remained, to date, as the work of Jonson that has been most often taken to the scene, being one of the most important works of the Jacobin era. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volpone
  • WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

    William Shakespeare dies in New Place, his home in Stratford-upon-Avon, and is buried in the Church of the Holy Trinity.
  • THE FIRST FOLIO

    John Heminge and Henry Condell publish thirty-six works by Shakespeare in the First Folio.
    The First Folio is the first compiled edition of William Shakespeare's works, compiled and published in 1623, seven years after his death. Folio editions were large and expensive books that looked like prestigious items. https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/shakespeares-first-folio
  • AUGUSTUS

    AUGUSTUS
    The age of Augustus begins in English literature, claiming comparison with the equivalent flowering under Augustus Caesar. https://www.ecured.cu/Augusto_(emperador_romano)
  • THE VIOLATION OF THE PADLOCK

    The violation of the Alexander Pope padlock introduces a delicate vein of heroic mockery in English poetry.
    English poet Belonging to the merchant bourgeoisie. His latest works are inscribed within the satirical current - often used to defend against attacks by critics. https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/p/pope.htm
  • OTRANTO CASTLE

    OTRANTO CASTLE
    The English author Horace Walpole offers an early sample of gothic emotions in his novel otranto castle.
    It is a novel written by Horace Walpole in 1764. It is considered the inaugural text of gothic horror literature, starting a literary genre that became extremely popular in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_castillo_de_Otranto
  • British Encyclopedia

    British Encyclopedia
    A society of gentlemen in Scotland begins to publish the immensely successful British Encyclopedia.
    Britannica is the oldest English encyclopedia still in edition (although it is no longer published on paper) .3 Its first edition dates between 1768 and 1771, in Edinburgh, Scotland, and quickly gained great popularity and size, counting in its third 1801 edition with 21 volumes. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enciclopedia_Brit%C3%A1nica
  • JANE AUSTEN

    The English author Jane Austen publishes her first printed work, Sense and Sensibility, in charge.
    Jane's novels reflect the world of English rural nobility of the time, just as she lived it herself. Due to the timeless appeal of his entertaining arguments, and the ingenuity and irony of his style, his works have never been discontinued by any publisher since its first publication, and are frequently adapted to the theater. https://janeaustensociety.es/jane-austen/biografia/
  • CHARLES DICKENS

    CHARLES DICKENS
    Charles Dickens, novel, Oliver Twist, begins to be published monthly (in book form, 1838).
    Oliver Twist is the second novel by the writer Charles Dickens and was published by monthly installments in a magazine between February 1837 and April 1839. https://www.elpopular.pe/series/escolar/2013-11-11-conoce-la-historia-de-oliver-twist
  • PETER MARK ROGET

    PETER MARK ROGET
    London doctor Peter Mark Roget publishes his synonyms dictionary, Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases.
    Peter Mark Roget Doctor, physicist, mathematician, philologist, natural theologian and English lexicographer. He took the first step in 1824 for the scientific explanation and technical realization of the cartoon, whose immediate heir is the cinema. https://www.ecured.cu/Peter_Mark_Roget
  • LEWIS CARROL

    LEWIS CARROL
    Lewis Carroll publishes Through the mirror, a second story of Alice's adventures.
    Carroll began publishing poems and stories of humorous and / or satirical cut in small local publications. After adopting his pseudonym, he wrote Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (Alice in Wonderland, written in 1872 and finally published in 1875 with illustrations by Sir John Tenniel. http://www.lecturalia.com/autor/1304/lewis-carroll
  • SHERLOCK HOLMES

    Sherlock Holmes appears in Conan Doyle's first novel, A Study in Scarlet.Sherlock Holmes appears in Conan Doyle's first novel, A Study in Scarlet.
    Sherlock Holmes is an English detective of the late nineteenth century who stands out for his intelligence, his skillful use of observation and deductive reasoning to solve difficult cases. He is the protagonist of a series of four novels and fifty-six fiction stories. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherlock_Holmes
  • OSCAR WILDE

    Oscar Wilde publishes his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in which the portrait of the younger and younger hero becomes old and ugly.
    It is a philosophical novel that portrays the obsession about the power of youth and beauty, and the idea that they exempt us from the responsibilities we have over our actions, which leads the protagonist, Dorian Gray, to gradually lose critical consciousness of his actions and decisions. https://www.culturagenial.com/es/el-retrato-de-dorian-gray-de-oscar-wilde
  • PETER PAN

    PETER PAN
    The play by JM Barrie for children Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, will premiere in London.
    Created by Scottish writer James Matthew Barrie Peter Pan is a child who never grows up, is ten years old and hates the world of adults. He lives in the country of Neverland, an island populated by pirates and Indians, fairies and mermaids, where he lives many adventures with his friends, the Lost Children.
  • VIRGINIA WOOLF

    The English writer Virginia Woolf publishes her first novel, The Voyage Out http://www.elresumen.com/biografias/virginia_woolf.htm
  • CHRISTOPHER ROBIN

    Christopher Robin first appears in When We Were Very Young.
    He was the son of the writer Alan Alexander Milne and the main character of the saga of tales of the bear Winnie the Pooh.
    The original teddy dolls of the boy Christopher Robin, on which his father relied to create the characters of Winnie the Pooh.
    When he was a child, he was the basis of the character in his father's Winnie the Pooh stories and in two books of poems. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Robin_Milne
  • ALDOUS HUXLEY

    ALDOUS HUXLEY
    British author Aldous Huxley offers a bleak vision of a science-based future in his novel Brave New World.
    Novelist and English essayist of encyclopedic prose and at the same time visionary.
  • UNDER THE VOLCANO

    The English author and alcoholic Malcolm Lowry publishes an autobiographical novel, Under the Volcano.
    Under the volcano is a novel, partly autobiographical, written by the Englishman Malcolm Lowry in 1947. Raúl Ortiz y Ortiz made the first Spanish translation in 1964 for Ediciones Era. Lowry began writing the work when he was 26 years old and it took Ten years to finish it. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajo_el_volc%C3%A1n_(novela)
  • DYLAN THOMAS

    DYLAN THOMAS
    Dylan Thomas' play, Under Milk Wood, is broadcast on BBC radio, with Richard Burton as narrator.
    It is a piece of radio theater by the Welsh writer Dylan Thomas, later adapted for his performance in the theater. There is also a 1972 film adaptation, with Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor, directed by Andrew Sinclair. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajo_el_bosque_l%C3%A1cteo
  • THE MERSEY SOUND

    Three young Liverpool poets publish a shared anthology under the title The Mersey Sound.
    By bringing together the enormously influential work of Adrian Henri, Roger McGough and Brian Patten, the 'Liverpool Poets', this ever-loved volume is the best-selling poetry anthology of all time. https://www.penguin.co.uk/books/413/41393/the-mersey-sound/9780141189260.html
  • CARYL CHURCHILL

    CARYL CHURCHILL
    The first play by the English playwright Caryl Churchill, Owners, is produced in London.
    His first work, Owners (1972), premiered at the "Royal Court Theater." It demonstrates the basic socialist views of Churchill, by criticizing the values that every capitalist takes for granted: being aggressive, taking the lead, being successful. http://www.alternativateatral.com/persona22256-caryl-churchill
  • ANITA BROOKNER

    The English author Anita Brookner publishes her first novel, A Start in Life.
    A Start in Life is Anita Brookner's first novel, written in 1981. It was released by Penguin Essentials in 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Start_in_Life_(novel)
  • ALLAN BENNETT

    ALLAN BENNETT
    Alan Bennett's play The Madness of George III is presented at the National Theater in London.
    Being a well-known character in England, his literary work made the leap to the international market with great success after the adaptation of one of his most important theatrical productions, The Madness of King George. Among his books should also be highlighted The lady of the van or A reader not common. http://www.lecturalia.com/autor/2544/alan-bennett
  • Captain Corelli's Mandolin

    Captain Corelli's Mandolin
    Louis de Bernières publishes Captain Corelli's mandolin, a love story set in the cephalonia occupied by the Italians.
    In the middle of World War II, an unforgettable love story will be developed on a Greek island invaded by the Germans between a local woman and an Italian officer. A little love story that embodies all the love stories in the world. https://www.casadellibro.com/libro-la-mandolina-del-capitan-corelli/9788484506140/774336