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Education in the United States: Its Historical Roots

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    John Amos Comenius (Czech philosopher)

    Questioned the effectiveness of memorization and recitation; emphasized children's interests and needs.
  • The Colonial Period Begins

    The Colonial Period Begins
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    Colonial Period

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    John Locke (English philosopher)

    Emphasized first-hand experiences
  • Latin Grammar School

    Latin Grammar School
    Prepared men for ministry and law
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    The Evolution of the American High School

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    Jean Jacques Rousseau (French philosopher)

    Argued children should have opportunities for
    exploration and experimentation
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    Johann Pestalozzi (Swiss philosopher)

    Recommends teachers use concrete experiences to help students learn.
  • Franklin's Academy

    Franklin's Academy
    Eliminated religion, focused on practical needs: math, science, navigation
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    The Early National Period

    The Constitution removes formal religion from the schools and establishes states responsibility in education.
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    The Common School Movement

    The Rise of State Support for Public Education: Free public schooling becomes accessible to most students.
  • English Classical School

    English Classical School
    Focused on needs of boys not attending college
  • Committee of Ten

    Committee of Ten
    Created standards and methods for high school
  • Indianola Junior High

    Indianola Junior High
    First Junior High School; First of its kind; grades 7, 8, 9
  • Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education

    Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education
    Created Cardinal Principles of Education, including applied goals in health, civic education, and others
  • Projectors and filmstrips

    Projectors and filmstrips
  • Overhead Projector

    Overhead Projector
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    The Modern Era

  • Programmed and Computer Based Instruction

    Programmed and Computer Based Instruction
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    Educational television, VCR, VHS

  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Prohibited discrimination against students on the base of race, color. or national origin in all institutions receiving federal funds.
  • Head Start Created

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    War on Poverty

    Compensatory Education Programs: Title I and Head Start
  • Handled calculators

    Handled calculators
  • Department of Education created

    Department of Education created
  • No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

    No Child Left Behind (NCLB)