Cold War Timeline

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    where: mainly took the president of Europe
    who: Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Franklin D Roosevelt.
    what happened: Britain, the USA, Soviet Russia tried to redraw the map of Europe.
    affect on liberalism: this increases liberalism because it allows the thinking and negotiating of Europe, but also decreases because not everyone included is giving their take on the matter.
  • Potsdam conference

    Potsdam conference
    where: Potsdam, Germany who: Harry Truman (USA) Joseph Stalin (SU) Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee (Britain) what happened: The leaders agreed on such things as reparations, and restructuring of Germany. also warning Japan to surrender or face the consequences affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because it was the official start of the cold war. political and economic division of communism and democracy was relevant. US and Britain grew concerned about the SU influence.
  • Hiroshima Bombing

    Hiroshima Bombing
    where Hiroshima, Japan
    who: The united states, japan
    what happened: as a show of strength to the soviet union, and to end the second world war, the US dropped the atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima, killing 80,000 people.
    affect on liberalism: the event took away liberalism as the destruction had killed many people, and the US had forced japan to be under demilitarisation.
  • Nagasaki Bombing

    Nagasaki Bombing
    who: the United States, Japan
    where Nagasaki, Japan
    what happened: 3 days after the bombing of Hiroshima, the US dropped a second atom bomb on the city of Nagasaki, killing 64,000 and "officially" ending the second world war.
    affect on liberalism: the event took away liberalism as the destruction had killed many people, and the US had forced japan to be under demilitarisation.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    where: US
    who: Greece Turkey
    what happened: the US provided $400 M aid to Greece and Turkey for support in defeating communism
    affect on liberalism: it gives liberalism because it is allowing the rebuilding restructuring of the places, but also taking away because while they did this, they influenced the countries in their favour.
  • Molotav Plan

    Molotav Plan
    who: Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania.
    what happened: a pact signed by the country's solidifying the soviet presence
    effect of liberalism: it took away liberalism because the society influence didn't allow the freedom of the countrys to choose their own fates.
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    Marshall plan

    where: Europe
    who: the US, 17 countries
    what happened: the US planned $13 B to help recover countries that are both communist or democratic
    effect on liberalism: it added to liberalism because the US is helping the countries rebuild themselves. both communist and capatilst
  • Brussels Treaty

    Brussels Treaty
    where: Europe
    who: Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg
    what happened: creating a collective defence alliance.
    affect on liberalism: added to liberalism because the event was a collective group
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    where Berlin, East Germany
    who: soviet union and united states
    what happened: Stalin blocked off railways, roads, canal transportation to west berlin (under capitalist control) 2.1 million west Berliners got cut off. the US had to fly in resources and flown 300,000 flights total.
    affect on liberalism: the event had taken away liberalism because Stalin had blocked off berlin, and had basically trapped berlin.
  • NATO

    where: North Atlantic
    who: North Atlantic countries
    what happened: Canada is a founding member of the North Atlantic treaty organization, a military alliance that defends member countries against attack from the SU
    affect on liberalism: it gives liberalism because its a collective organization that promotes freedom
  • Soviet creation of nuclear weapons

    Soviet creation of nuclear weapons
    where: Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan
    who: Soviet union
    what happened: The Soviets successfully tested their first nuclear device, called RDS-1 or "First Lightning"
    affect on liberalism: it takes away liberalism because the SU had nukes and could have used it to obtain dominance or destruction
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    Korea war

    where: Korea
    Who: North Korea, Soviet Union... South Korea, United States.
    what happened: conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).. but soon North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South. that was protected by the US and the united nations
    affect on liberalism: it decreased liberalism because the prospect of one side winning means the loss of choice for the other side.
  • Stalins death

    Stalins death
    where: Soviet Union
    Who: Stalin
    What happened: Stalin had a stroke and died.
    affect on liberalism. it didn't really do anything for liberalism because Nikita Khrushchev took over and Stalin's death didn't really do anything to liberalism.
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    vietnam war

    where: Vietnam
    who: Soviet Backed North Vietnam, Capitalist backed South Vietnam
    what happened: communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. over control of the country.
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because with the involvement of the SU and the US the country wasn't able to "choose" for themself and determine tier own future
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    where: East Europe
    Who: Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria as members
    what happened: The treaty called on the member states to come to the defence of any member attacked by an outside force
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because the countries were influenced by the soviet union and were sided with the soviet union and the decisions it made almost having no free will.
  • hungarian revolution

    hungarian revolution
    where: Hungary
    who: Hungary, SU.
    what happened: Rebels won the first phase of the revolution, and later declared Hungarian neutrality and appealed to the United Nations for support. but was denied. later the society came through Hungary and absolutely crushed them. and the soviet influence did sorta return
    effect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because the soviet u ion had taken away the Hungarian fate and the choice of them.

    where: northern shores of Canada
    who: Canada and the US
    what happened: built a united air defence system
    effect on liberalism: not really doing anything for liberalism. but maybe promoting liberalism because of the cooperation
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    Fidel Castros taking over of cuba

    where: Cuba
    Who: Cuba, US, SU
    what happened: Fidel Castro led a socialist revolution overthrowing a capitalist government. Cuba opted to side with the SU through buying oil, and American refineries refused to process among other things, so Cuba and US relations were then broken.
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because Cuba was also influenced by the society union, but also promoted liberalism because Cuba chose their own fate with the revolution.
  • bay of pigs invasion

    bay of pigs invasion
    where: Cuba
    Who: US, Cuba
    What happened: Cuban exiles trained by the US invaded Cuban soil. the attack failed big time and the result was a bigger dislike for the US and a better relationship with the SU from Cuba
    affect on liberalism: it took away because the US actively tried to take away the choice of allegiance from Cuba and its people.
  • Creation of berlin wall

    Creation of berlin wall
    where: Border od east & west Berlin
    who: East (Soviet Union) west (united states)
    what happened: east germans locked down the border between the 2 sides & surrounding the city
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because the wall actually shut off the connection and the fate of the people in berlin
  • End of the cuban missile crisis

    End of the cuban missile crisis
    where: Cuba, Turkey
    who SU (Nikita Khrushchev), US (JFK)
    what happened: the president of the united states John F Kennedy became aware that there were Soviet missiles in Cuba and more coming. Kennedy ordered a naval blockade. Kennedy then agreed to not invade Cuba, and take their missiles out of turkey, in exchange for Soviet missiles to be removed from Cuba.
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because of the threat of war but also added because of the peace that was settled .
  • solidarity in poland

    solidarity in poland
    where: Poland
    Who: Poland, SU
    what happened: Polish trade union that in the early 1980s became the first independent labour union in a country belonging to the Soviet bloc.
    affect on liberalism added to liberalism because it allowed Poland to take its own trade into its own hands, but also took it away because it belonged to the Soviet bloc and the soviet union.
  • czechoslovakia revolution

    czechoslovakia revolution
    where: Czechoslovakia
    who: SU, Czech republic
    what happened: Alexander Dubcek came to power, and loosened restrictions on media, speech, travel, and limiting the power of the secrete police. 10 years of transition were followed. 4 warsaw pact countries invaded and occupied Czechoslovakia and undid all change
    affect on liberalism: it promoted liberalism because it promoted the freedom of choice of the Czechoslovakia.
  • Nuclear arms Treaty

    Nuclear arms Treaty
    where: Europe
    who: the UK, US, SU
    What happened: an agreement, signed by the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and 59 other states, under which the three major signatories, which possessed nuclear weapons, agreed not to assist other states in obtaining or producing them
    Affect on liberalism: it pormeted liberlism because it included a lot of countries and gave a treaty for all.
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    Afghanistan/ Soviet war

    where: Afghanistan
    who: Soviets, Afghan resistance fighters (US)
    What happened: The soviet union invaded Afghanistan, and as a result, the CIA gave resistance fighters weapons for defence. the soviets left, and now the fighters had excellent training and became terrorist groups.
    affect on liberalism: it took away liberalism because the soviet union invaded Afghanistan.
  • berlin wall falling

    berlin wall falling
    where: Berlin
    Who: East, and West Germany
    What happened: on Nov. 9 the relation of East and West Germany was beginning to heal and citizens of both sides were free to cross the border. pole began toppling the wall with hammers and picks, as well as cranes and dozers.
    Affect on liberalism it promoted liberalism as the wall dividing the city had fallen and promoted the togetherness of berlin and the world