Cold war

Cold War: It is called the cold war as there was no actual 'war' just a period of extremely bad diplomatic relations between the USA and Russia.

  • formation of the eastern bloc

    formation of the eastern bloc
    The Eastern Bloc was formed during the Second World War as a unified force led by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Its initial intention was to fight Nazi Germany. However, after the war, the Union lacked a common goal.
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    Greek Civil War

    The Greek Civil War took place between 1943 to 1949. It was mainly fought against the established Kingdom of Greece. The Kingdom won in the end. The losing opposition was governed by the Communist Party of Greece and its military branch, the Democratic Army of Greece and the People's Republic of the Provisional Democratic Government.
  • Postwar Occupation and Division of Germany

    Postwar Occupation and Division of Germany
    On May 8, 1945, the unconditional surrender of the German armed forces was signed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel in Berlin, ending World War II for Germany.
  • Enactment of Marshall Plan

    Enactment of Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative enacted in 1948 to provide foreign aid to Western Europe.
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    The Berlin Blockade and Airlift

    The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control. The Soviets offered to drop the blockade if the Western Allies withdrew the newly introduced Deutsche Mark from West Berlin.
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    Chinese Communist Revolution

    The Communist Revolution in China was a civil war between the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Nationalist Party that occurred in 1949 and 1950. On Oct. 1, 1949, Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the country was now the People’s Republic of China, and the two sides began open warfare. The Communists quickly gained the upper hand, taking over the country while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan.
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    Korean War

    The Korean War was a war fought between North Korea and South Korea from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and rebellions in South Korea.
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    Cuban Revolution

    The Cuban Revolution was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro and his fellow revolutionaries of the 26th of July Movement and its allies against the military dictatorship of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953, and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 31 December 1958, replacing his government.
  • Overthrow of the Guatemalan Government

    Overthrow of the Guatemalan Government
    The Central Intelligence Agency launched a covert operation on June 18, 1954, to overthrow the left-leaning government in Guatemala. The coup, code-named Operation PBSUCCESS, deposed Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz Guzman, ended the Guatemalan Revolution and installed the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas. Armas would be the first in a series of U.S.-backed strongmen to rule Guatemala.
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    Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War (also known by other names) was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion.

    Bay of Pigs Invasion.
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution, covertly financed and directed by the U.S. government. The operation took place at the height of the Cold War, and its failure influenced relations between Cuba, the United States, and the Soviet Union.
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    Building the Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989 as well as encircling and separating West Berlin from East German territory. Construction of the wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic on 13 August 1961. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the US and the Soviet Union. When the US discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the US demands a week later.
  • Overthrow of the Palestine Liberation Organization

    Overthrow of the Palestine Liberation Organization
    A process of bulldozing the Palestinian liberation movement was carefully drawn up and engineered. This was accompanied by the destruction of the institutions of the Palestine Liberation Organization, emptying them of their national and democratic content, until the PLO was transformed into a private farm for Mahmoud Abbas and his cronies.
  • Prague Spring

    Prague Spring
    The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization and mass protest in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and continued until 21 August 1968, when the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact members invaded the country to suppress the reforms.
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    Soviet War in Afghanistan

    The Soviet–Afghan War was a conflict wherein insurgent groups known collectively as the Mujahideen, as well as smaller Marxist–Leninist–Maoist groups, fought a nine-year guerrilla war against the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and the Soviet Army throughout the 1980s, mostly in the Afghan countryside.
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre
    The protests were forcibly suppressed by hardline leaders who ordered the military to enforce martial law in the country's capital. The crackdown that initiated on June 3-4 became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June 4 Massacre as troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military's advance towards Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing, which student and other demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and one of the series of events that started the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe, preceded by the Solidarity Movement in Poland.
  • Fall of the Soviet Union

    Fall of the Soviet Union
    It boasted an arsenal of tens of thousands of nuclear weapons, and its sphere of influence, exerted through such mechanisms as the Warsaw Pact, extended throughout eastern Europe. Within a year, the Soviet Union had ceased to exist. While it is, for all practical purposes, impossible to pinpoint a single cause for an event as complex and far-reaching as the dissolution of a global superpower, a number of internal and external factors were certainly at play in the collapse of the U.S.S.R.
  • 9/11 Attacks

    9/11 Attacks
    9/11 was a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network "al-Qaeda" against the United States.