Afghanistan Timeline

  • 334

    Alexander the Great (B.C.E)

    Alexander the Great (B.C.E)
    Alexander the Great uses conquered Afghanistan as a passage to India
  • Jan 1, 1221

    Mongol Invasion

    Mongol Invasion
    The Mongol invasion of Central Asia occurred after the unification of the Mongol and Turkic tribes on Mongolian plateau in 1206. It finally completed when Genghis Khan conquered the Khwarizmian Empire in 1221.
  • Period: Aug 22, 1332 to Aug 22, 1370

    Ghurids Reassert Control

  • Jan 1, 1509

    India's Moghul Dynasty of Babur Introduces Hinduism.

  • Period: to

    Afghan Khushhal Khan Khattak

  • Persian army invades Afghanistan

    Persian army invades Afghanistan
    Persian army invades Afghanistan but is defeated by the Afghans.
  • Battle of Damghan

    Battle of Damghan
    A Khorasanian warlord, Nader Shah, defeats the forces of Ashraf Hotaki and make them retreat back to Afghanistan. The Persian army consisted of Qizilbash tribesmen of the northern Afshar tribe while the Hotaki forces consisted of Afghans, Tartars, Kurds, and Ghebers.
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    Afghan Civil War

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    First Anglo-Afghan War

    Invaded by British India with the intention of limiting Russian influence in the country.
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    Second Anglo-Afghan War

    Second Anglo-Afghan War This was the second attack that followed the First Anglo-Afghan War.
  • Durand Line Agreement

    The Durand Line refers to the disputed border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, which is poorly marked and approximately 2,640 kilometers (1,610 miles) long. It was established after the 1893 Durand Line Agreement between a representative of colonial British India and Afghan Amir Abdur Rahman Khan for fixing the limit of their respective spheres of influence.
  • Afghanistan Regains Independence

    Afghanistan Regains Independence
    DATE UNKNOWN Afghanistan regains independence after third war against British forces trying to bring country under their sphere of influence
  • Amanullah Proclaims Himself King

    Amanullah Proclaims Himself King
    ACTUAL DATE UNKNOWN Amanullah proclaims himself king and attempts to introduce social reforms leading to opposition from conservative forces.
  • Amanullah Flees

    Amanullah Flees
    ACTUAL DATE UNKNOWN Amanullah flees after civil unrest over his reforms.
  • Zahir Shah Becomes King

     Zahir Shah Becomes King
    NO ACTUAL DATE Zahir Shah becomes king and Afghanistan remains a monarchy for next four decades.
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    Afghanistan Timeline

  • The Assination of Ahmad Shah Massoud

    The Assination of Ahmad Shah Massoud
  • 9/11 Attack on Twin Towers Video

    9/11 Attack on Twin Towers Video
  • Beginning of Opereration Eduring Freedom

    Beginning of Opereration Eduring Freedom
    The beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom . Date when U.S. and British forces invade Afghanistan.
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    Operation Enduring Freedom

    American and British forces invade Afghanistan in responce to the September 11th attacks on The World Trade Center and the Taliban's refusel to hand over Osama bin Laden to U.S. authorities.