Period: Jan 1, 1473 to
Feb 19, 1473
He was astronomer,priest and math,atician during Renaissance. He was the first to formulate heliocentric cosmology, which says that sun is the center of universe.He wrote the book " De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres)". It was published just before his death. It is oftern regarded as epiphay that started scientific revolution.
Nov 10, 1483
He was a German priest and professor of theology.He was great reformer of the Catholic church.He invented Protestant Reformation. He developed his own personal theology. He protested the use of indulgences in his 95 Theses which he nailed to Wittenburg church.He also transated bible in German.He taught people that salvation is not earned by good deeds but it is recived only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus as redeemer from sin.
Oct 12, 1492
Christopher Columbus1451- 1506
He was navigator who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but found America instead. He was an explorer from the Republic of Genoa.e sailed Atlantic Ocean and found "new world".His two goals were open trade routes for Spain and bring the word of Jesus Christ to the non-Christians.He sailed with three ships (the Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria) .
Dec 14, 1546
He built his observatory in little of Hven in the Sont near Copenhagen. He builted and designed new scientific instrument. He alos checked the accuracy of an instrument. He also changed observational practice.He showe that comets were not atmospheric phenomena and they pass through the celestial spheres.He had the most accurate astronomical observations of his time.
Nov 19, 1548
He was Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.He is known for his proponent of the infinity of the universe.His cosmological theories were beyond the Copernican model. It said sun one of an infinite number of independently moving heavenly bodies.His idea about about the universe had small rolein his trial then his his pantheist beliefs.
Feb 15, 1564
Galileo Galilei1564 -1642
He was an italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher. He is also calle the "Father of Modern Science".Things he did include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism.Hedid not invent the telescope but was the first to use it systematically to observe celestial objects He supported heliocentric which said that sun is in the center of universe.
Dec 27, 1571
He was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer.He was the founder of "celestial mechanics".He was the first to explain planetary motion.He also made important advances in geometry and calculus. His three laws of planetary motion which are :
-First Law: The orbit of a planet about the Sun is an ellipse with the Sun's center of mass at one focus.
-Second Law: A line joining a planet and the Sun sweeps out equal areas in equal intervals of time.
He is even known as "Father of Modern Philosophy".He was a philosopher, mathematician, physicist.He sepend most of his spent most of his adulthood in Dutch Republic.He was the first morden philosopher. He made an important connection between alzebra and gemotry.Which made it possible to solve geometrical problems by algebraic equations.
Thirty years war1618–1648
It was the dark period in European history.It was one of the destructive conflict It was foungt now Germany, and most of the countries of Europe.It was fought for many reasons including religious, dynastic, territorial, and commercial rivalries but It was mostly religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire.
He was an english physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. "Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica" the book he wrote is one of the most important scientific book ever written.He built the first practical reflecting telescope.He also made theory of color.He explained universal gravitation and three laws of motion.