Important Events of Early American History

  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to

    Significant Events of Early American History

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    -most importantly it established limited power to the English Monarchy.
    -declared trial by jury and due process of law to nobility of land
    -influence of US Constitution
  • Jamestown is settled

    Jamestown is settled
    -it was the first successful English colony in the New World
    -in Virginia
  • Mayflower Compact is written

    Mayflower Compact is written
    -first set of laws
    -signed by the English settlers
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    -written by English Parliament, signed by King Charles before English Civil War
    -continued the limit of the king's power, could not infringe, place taxes without parliament's consent, arbitrary arresst in contradiction to Magna Carta, etc.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    -gave ability to declare acts of royalty illegal, such as going against the Magna Carta
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    -early attempt at uniting the 13 colonies for trading and military defense in the French and Indian War
    -proposed by Benjamin Franklin
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    -required taxes on stamps, documents, newpapers, any other paper item
    -imposed by British Government
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    -British soldiers fired in American protesting crowd, which was unrealistically considered violent, killing five people, and injuring eleven
    -sparked increased rebellion towards Britain
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    men dressed as Native Americans rebel against the Townsend Acts and Tea Act by dumping tea into the Boston Harbor from the ships in the port
  • Intolerable Acts

    phrase used to describe the 5 acts that Britain had imposed on American colonies
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    representatives from the colonies came together to decide how to react to Intolerable Acts
  • American Revolution begins

    American Revolution begins
    the shot heard round the world, began the battle of Concord and continued fight against British
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    started managing the war effort, drafted Declaration of Independence, was a sort of governmental group for the time being
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    -announced that the thirteen colonies were official states independent of Britain
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    -first Constitution of America, drafted by Continental Congress
    began use in 1777, and was officially ratified
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    -farmers, disapproving of taxes, lead attacks to prevent government from foreclosing their land
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    -representatives joined to discuss Articles of Confederation, and ended up with the new, U.S. Constitution
    also known as the consititutional convention
  • Connecticut Compromise

    Connecticut Compromise
    -created Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan, giving Congress the Senate and House of Reps