Early American Government

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta Libertatum

    Magna Carta Libertatum
    Legal document that was written to help shape medieval Englands government. Established that the King was not above the law. Picture: John of England signs Magna Carta
  • Jamestown settled

    Jamestown settled
    The first successful English settlement on the mainland of North America. Jamestown was founded for the purposes of a quick profit from gold mining for its investors while also establishing a permanent foothold in North America for England.
  • Mayflower Compact written

    Mayflower Compact written
    Was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was in a social contract in which the settlers consented to follow the compact's rules and regulations for the sake of survival.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    This petition stated several fundamental principles of the English constitution. Picture: King Charles I
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    It enumerates certain rights to which subjects and permanent residents of a constitutional monarchy were thought to be entitled in the late 17th century. It set certain constitutional requirements of the Crown to seek the consent of the people, as represented in parliament.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America. They rejected the rule of the British. Picture: Burning of the Gaspee
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin to unify the colonies.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    A law enacted by government that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents. It was considered unfair and was soon repealed.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    street fight that occurred between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Act against the British government after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain. believed that it violated their right to be taxed only by their own elected representatives.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Five laws passed by the British Parliament relating to Britain's colonies in North America. The acts triggered outrage and resistance in the Thirteen Colonies.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen North American colonies. The representatives gathered to discuss their response to the British "Intolerable Acts."
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies. Managed the colonial war effort, raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and making formal treaties.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states, The Declaration justified the independence of the United States by listing colonial grievances against King George III, and by asserting certain natural rights, including a right of revolution.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First constitution of the United States of America and specified how the national government was to operate. Picture: Page 1 of the Articles of Confederation
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Was an armed uprising in central and western Massachusetts. Most of Shays' compatriots were poor farmers angered by crushing debt and taxes
  • Connecticut Cpmpromise

    Connecticut Cpmpromise
    Was an agreement between large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787.It proposed a bicameral legislature, resulting in the current United States Senate and House of Representatives.
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    Address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.
  • Consititution Convection

    Consititution Convection
    Address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.It was intended only to revise the Articles of Confederation