Herbert Hoover was a member of the Republican Party. He was the 31st president of the United States. Much blame was put on him for the Great Depression.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
RFC was an agency established to provide emergency financing to banks, life-insurance companies, railroads, and other large businesses. It was considered Hoover's most ambitious economic measure.
The Bonus Army
A group of 10,000-20,000 World War I veterans from around the country. They traveled to Washington D.C. to support a bill that would give money to those who served in the war.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a member of the Democratic Party. He served as the 32nd president of the United States. He had a "can-do" attitude, which helped him win the election.
The New Deal
The New Deal was designed to alleviate problems of the Great Depression. It focused on relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform.
The Dust Bowl
Period of time when the Middle of the US was hit by many dust storms, some traveled hundreds of miles. The storms wiped out much crop and destroyed the lives of many farmers.
Hitler Takes Power
Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany and led the powerful Nazi nation to torture and slaughter millions of Jews and Gypsies. Many referred to Hitler as the Anti-Christ.
Father Coughlin Attacks
A Roman Catholic priest, Father Charles Coughlin did not support the New Deal and quickly turned against Roosevelt. At his popularity height, he had 40-45 million people in his radio audience.
Indian Reorganization Act
This act moved official policy away from assimilation and toward Native American autonomy. Its passage signaled a change in federal policy. The government wanted to stop subsidizing the Native Americans.
Under Roosevelt, Congress passed a series of laws called the Neutrality Acts. These laws were meant to prevent US arms sales and loans to nations at war.
Social Security Act
This was one of the most important achievements of the New Deal. The Social Security Act gave Old-age insurance for retirees 65 or older and their spouses, unemployment compensation system, and aid to families with dependent children and the disabled.
GM Sit-down Strike
United Auto Workers launched a series of strikes against General Motors in Detroit. The goal was to make the company stop shipping work to plants with nonunion workers.
Rape of Nanking
The event was a mass murder, genocide, and war rape that occured after the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking. Hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians were murdered and up to 80,000 men, women, and children were raped.
The Grapes of Wrath
Famous novel, written by John Steinbeck. It reveals the lives of Oklahomans who left the Dust Bowl and went to California where their hardships continued. Steinbeck also suffered through the Dust Bowl as many Americans did.