Stride for Freedom- African American History Timeline

  • Antonio a negro arrives

    Antonio a negro arrives
    Jamestown settlement- Antonio a negro arrives. Later, Antonio changed his name to Anthony Johnson, married an African American servant named Mary, and they had four children. Mary and Anthony also became free, and he soon owned land and cattle and even indentured servants of his own. By 1650, Anthony was still one of only 400 Africans in the colony among nearly 19,000 settlers. In Johnson's own county, at least 20 African men and women were free, and 13 owned their own homes.
  • Slavery is made illegal in Northwest Territory

    Slavery is made illegal in Northwest Territory
    Slavery is made illegal in the Northwest Territory. The U.S. Constitution states that Congress may not ban the slave trade until 1908.
  • Congress bans

    Congress bans
    Congress bans the Importation of slaves from Africa. Although the controversy over slavery continued for decades.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery and becomes one of the most effective and celebrated leaders of the Underground Railroad.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act, establishing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The legislation repeals the MIssouri Compromise of 1820 and renews tensions between anti- and proslavery factions.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Declares that recial segregation in schools is unconstutional.
  • Emmett Till

    Emmett Till
    A young boy- Emmett Till is brutally murdered for allegedly whistling at a white woman in Mississippi.
  • The Dred Scott case

    The Dred Scott case
    The Dred Scott case holds that Congress does not have the right to ban slavery and furthermore that slaves are not citizens.
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    Civil War begins- The Southern states succeeded from the UNion and the Civil war begins.
  • President Lincoln

    President Lincoln
    President Lincoln issues that Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the Confederate states" are and henceforward should be free."
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    President Johnson signs the Civil Right Act, the most sweeping Civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. It prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national orgin.
  • Freeman's Bureau

    Freeman's Bureau
    Congress establishes the Freeman's Bureau to protect the right of newly emancipated blacks.
  • Ending of Civil War

    Ending of Civil War
    Finally, on April 18, 1865, the Civil War ended with the surrender of the Confederate army. 617,000 Americans had died in the war, approximately the same number as in all of America's other wars combined. Thousands had been injured. The southern landscape was devastated.
  • KuKlux Klan

    KuKlux Klan
    The KuKlux Klan is formed in Tennessee by ex-confederates.
  • Black codes

    Black codes
    Black codes are passed, drastically restricting the rights of newly freed slaves.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    14th Amendment si ratified, defining citizenship. Individuals born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens, including those born as slaves.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    15th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving the blacks the right to vote.
  • Reconstruction ends

    Reconstruction ends
    Reconstruction ends in the South. Federal attempts to provide some basic civil rights for African Americans quickly erode.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    This landmarks the Supreme Court decision holds that racial segregation is Constitutional, paving the way laws for the repressive Jim Crow laws in the South.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    Malcolm X, black nationalist and founder of the Organization of Afro-American Unity, is assassinated.