redefined the Constitutional test for determining what constitutes obscene material unprotected by the First Amendment.
Mapp v. Ohio, 1961
This process became known as the “nationalization” of the Bill of Rights
Baker v. Carr, 1962
A landmark United States Supreme Court case that retreated from the Court's political question doctrine
Engel v. Vitale, 1962
was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that determined that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer
Gideon v. Wainwright
In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own attorneys.
Reynolds v. Sims
United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
Escobedo v. Illinois, 1964
United States Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment
Griswold v. Connecticut, 1965
Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution protected a right to privacy.
Miranda v. Arizona, 1966
Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody.