Supreme Court

  • John Jay

    John Jay
    He embodied the movement for American Independence. He negotiated independence from Great Britain.He was Secretary for Foreign Affairs. He was also the negotiator of the 1794 "Jay Treaty" with Great Britain
  • Creation of the Supreme Court

    Creation of the Supreme Court
    The Supreme Court met for the first time in 1790. Later on congress lighened the workload of the Supreme Court. The court would not give advisory opinions.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    He was an American jurist and statesman who shaped American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a center of power. Marshall was Chief Justice of the United States, serving from January 31, 1801, until his death in 1835.
  • Marbury VS. Madison

    Marbury VS. Madison
    It formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. This case resulted from a petition to the Supreme Court by William Marbury, who had been appointed by President John Adams as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia but whose commission was not subsequently delivered. Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court declared something "unconstitutional".
  • Fletcher VS. Peck

    Fletcher VS. Peck
    the decision from this case also helped create a growing precedent for the sanctity of legal contracts, and hinted that Native Americans did not hold title to their own lands.
  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward

    Dartmouth College v. Woodward
    It dealt with the application of the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution to private corporations. The case arose when the president of Dartmouth College was deposed by its trustees, leading to the New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution and thereby place the ability to appoint trustees in the hands of the governor.
  • McCollough v. Maryland

    McCollough v. Maryland
    Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland.The Court invoked the Necessary Clause of the Constitution, which allowed the Federal government to pass laws not expressly provided for in the Constitution's list of express powers, provided those laws are in useful furtherance of the powers of Congress under the Constitution.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    The Supreme Court now held that the power to regulate interstate commerce which was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution.The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Gibbons.