WWII: European Theatre

Timeline created by mfetter
In History
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    WHO: 1.5 million German tanks, infantry and calvery into Poland.
    WHAT: Germany invaded Polish cities without warning.
    WHERE: Cities attacked were Katowice, Krakow, Tczew, Tunel, and Warsaw.
    WHY: It was the start of WWII.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    WHO: Germany attacked Britain after France surrendered.
    WHAT: Germany attacked Britain.
    WHERE: In the skies over Britain.
    WHY: Had Britain not overcome Germany, Germany would have invaded Britain.
  • Lend Lease Act Signed

    Lend Lease Act Signed
    WHO: FDR signed the bill into a law after congress approved.
    WHAT: America agreed to send war materials to Allied Forces. Essentially pledging to fight Axis Powers.
    WHERE: Signed in the United States at congress.
    WHY: Germany took the signing of the Lend Lease Act as a declaration of war and started attacking American merchant ships then days later.
  • Germany Declares War on United States

    Germany Declares War on United States
    WHO: Germany (Hitler) declares war onUnited States (FDR).
    WHAT: Germany declares war on United States because the United States declared war on Japan. The Lend Lease Act also caused Germany to declare war on the United States.
    WHERE: Hitler made his declaration at the Reichstag in Berlin.
    WHY: United States enters the war.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    WHO: Great Britain and Nazi armies
    WHAT: Nazis wanted control of Suez Canal, but Allies kept control.
    WHERE: Egypt
    WHY: Allies kicked Axis Powers out of North Africa and exposed Italy. Also, protected Mideast oil fields.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    WHO: German army vs. Russian army.
    WHAT: Germany tried to take over Stalingrad but failed because Russians were determined to keep Stalingrad.
    WHERE: Stalingrad, Russia.
    WHY: One of the bloodiest battles. It was also a turning point for Eurpe. It was the end of German's Eastern control.
  • Allies Land in Italy

    Allies Land in Italy
    WHO: British and American armies vs. German armies
    WHAT: After Italy surrendered to Allies, Allies enter Italy to kick out Germany.
    WHERE: Italy
    WHY: Allies offered to help Russia but the only way they could was by fighting Nazis where they could. Italy was the only place they could attack and support the operation. This was to keep Germany from sending more troops into Russia.
  • D-Day Invasion

    D-Day Invasion
    WHO: Allied forces and German soldiers.
    WHAT: Allies storm beaches of Normandy.
    WHERE: Normandy, France
    WHY: Even though Germans tried to trick the Allies, Germany ended up losing and Allies gained control of Frace.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    WHO: Three Hitler armies against Allied Forces.
    WHAT: It was the last major Nazi offensive against Allies.
    WHERE: Southeast Belgium
    WHY: Turning point of Western Front, Germany learned Allies could fight back and would soon be behind enemy lines. German generals realized they were no longer equipped to fight a two front war.
    ENDED JAN. 25, 1945
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    WHO: "Big Three": Stalin, Churchill and FDR
    WHAT: Meeting to setup post-war boundaries and government in Eastern Europe.
    WHERE: Livadia Palace near Yalta
    WHY: The start of the Cold War.
  • FDR Dies

    FDR Dies
    WHO: Franklin D. Roosevelt
    WHAT: FDR died of a hemorage in his brain during his fourth term in office.
    WHERE: FDR's private cottage in Georgia.
    WHY: Americans were devastated, but were more determined than ever to win the war.
  • Hitler Commits Suicide

    Hitler Commits Suicide
    WHO: Adolf Hitler
    WHAT: Hitler commited suicide by taking a cyanide pill and shooting himself in the head.
    WHERE: In a bunker in Berlin
    WHY: End of German reign of terror.
  • Germany Surrenders (VE Day)

    Germany Surrenders (VE Day)
    WHO: Germany surrenders
    WHAT: Germany surrenders after Hitler's death.
    WHERE: Signed in Rheims (7th), ratified in Berlin (8th).
    WHY: Brought WWII to a close.
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