WWII: European Theatre

  • Germany invades Poland

    WHO: Germany and Poland. Adolf Hitler.WHAT: Hitler tries to gain back the lost territory and rule Poland. WHERE: Poland.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: It was the start of World War II.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    WHO: German Air Force, Britain, UK.WHAT: The Luftwaffe tried to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force.WHERE: Great Britain.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: One of the most famous battles of WWII and the first major campaign to be fought only by air forces.
  • Lend-Lease Act Signed

    WHO: Congress passed. WHAT: Gave President FDR the power to sell, transfer, exchange, and lend equipment to any country to help it defend itself against the Axis powers.WHERE: It went to 38 different countries.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: It empowered the British to resist the German onslaught until Pearl Harbor brought American into it. It also avoided the post WWI war debts.
  • Germany declares war on the United States

    WHO: Hitler, FDR.WHAT: American destroyers attacked German submarines which caused tension.WHERE: Germany, United States.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Marked the beginning of WWII.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    WHO: Germany, allies, Soviet Union.WHAT: Nazis and dallies fought the SU for control of StalingradWHERE: StalingradWHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: It was the turning point in WWII in Europe.
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    Battle of El Alamein

    WHO: Germany, Italy. WHAT: Fight between two commanders.WHERE: EgyptWHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Seen as on of the decisive victories of WWII. Led to retreat of Africa Korps and German surrender.
  • Allies land in Italy

    Allies land in Italy
    WHO: Italian government, Mussolini, Allied forces.WHAT: Italian government surrendered to the allied forces while the British and Americans began an assault on Italy.WHERE: Sakerno, Cakabria, and Taranto, Italy.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Mussolini now had less power.
  • DDay Invasion

    DDay Invasion
    WHO: Allied troops, Nazis, Eisenhower.WHAT: Allied troops landed on French coastline to fight Germany.WHERE: Normandy, France.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Allies gained a foothold in Normandy.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    WHO: Hitler and the Allies.WHAT: Hitler ordered a huge attack to break up the alliance between Britain, France and America and defeat them.WHERE: 80 mile front running from South Belgium through Ardennes forest.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Hitler wanted to split up the Allied powers while they were heading toward Germany and destroy their ability to supply themselves.
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    Yalta Conference

    WHO: 3 chief Allied leaders, FDR, Winston Churchill, Joseph StalinWHAT: They were planning the final defeat and occupation of Nazy Germany.WHERE: Yalta in the CrimeaWHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Defined the world politically, militarily, economically, and set the stage of the Cold War.
  • Franklin Roosevelt dies

    WHO: FDR.WHAT: His health deteriorated and he died of a cerebral hemorrhage.WHERE: Warm Springs, Georgia.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Got them out of the depression, was a president during most of WWII, came up with the New Deal.
  • Hitler commits suicide

    Hitler commits suicide
    WHO: Adolf HitlerWHAT: Hitler committed suicide by shooting himself in the temple.WHERE: In his Fuhrerbunker in Berlin, Germany.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: The war was coming to an end, and it ended the “thousand-year Reich.”
  • Germany surrenders (VE day)

    Germany surrenders (VE day)
    WHO: World War II allies, Germany, Hitler.WHAT: The allies accepted the surrender of the Nazi armed forces and Hitler’s Third Reich ended.WHERE: Europe, Germany.WHY WAS IT SIGNIFICANT: Germans surrendered, ending the war.