World War II Timeline

  • Adolf Hitler becomes leader of Nazi party

    Adolf Hitler becomes leader of Nazi party
    When Adolf Hitler became the learder of the Nazi party in Germany, it allowed him to get closer to his goal of leadership of Germany. Adolf Hitler was an extreme nationalist.
  • Benito Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy

    Benito Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy
    Benito Mussolini was a Fascist. When Mussolinin and his followers threatened to overthrow the govenment of Italy, the king made Mussolini prime minister.
  • Josef Stalin becomes dictator of Soviet Union

    Josef Stalin becomes dictator of Soviet Union
    When Josef Stalin became dictator of the Soviet Union, he turned it into a totalitarian state. He also took brutal measures to modernize agricultire and industry.
  • Japan invades Manchuria

    Japan invades Manchuria
    Japan had invaded Manchuria, which was in northeastern China, without the approval of Japan's elected government. The League of Nations protested but did not take any action.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
    Hitler became popular during the Great Depression. A chancellor is the leader of the German parliment. Once Hitler had this position, he transformed Germany into a totalitarian cstate.
  • Neutrality Act is passed by US Congress

    Neutrality Act is passed by US Congress
    The Neutrality Act, signed by FDR on this day, was created to forbid the President from selling arms, making loans, or otherwise assisting nations involved in the war.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invades Ethiopia
    When Italy invaded Ethiopia, then known as Abyssinia, Italy triumphed over them because of Italy's planes and tanks. Haile Salasie, the then-emporor of Ethiopia, wanted help from the League of Nations, but the league did little to help.
  • Militarists take control of Japanese Government

    Militarists take control of Japanese Government
    Japanese military leaders urged their government to take control of nearby nations. When the government didn't do what they wanted, militarists had under their control the government. Their main philosophy was racism: they claimed their race was superior to others'.
  • Hitler sends troops into Rhineland of Germany

    Hitler sends troops into Rhineland of Germany
    Hitler wanted to prove that the Treaty of Versailles didn't mean anything to him. To show this, he sent troops into the Rhineland of Germany, an area which had been demilitarized due to the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Germany Annexes Austria

    Germany Annexes Austria
    Germany annexed Austria so that it would have control over more land. On this day, German troops were sent into Austria to annex it and claim it for their own. Anschluss will be formed on 13 March 2012, which is the official annexation of Austria.
  • nazis begin collecting Jews for labour camps

    nazis begin collecting Jews for labour camps
    This is the day that the Nazis, under Hitler's command, began collecting Jews. The first of the deportations were in 1940. Jews were collected because the Nazis were prejudiced against them, as they thought they were an inferior race.
  • Munich Pact is signed

    Munich Pact is signed
    Britain and France agreed to allow Germany to occupy Sudetenland, which was a large portion of Czechoslavakia.The mjority of the people who lived in this region spoke German. Germany agreed to make no further requests for land after this.
  • Germany and Soviet Union sign nonagression pact

    Germany and Soviet Union sign nonagression pact
    The nonagression pact was called the Nazi-Soviet Pact. The two leaders, Hitler and Stalin, agreed to not attack each other's country. Also, they secretly agreed to split up Poland.
  • German troops invade Poland

    German troops invade Poland
    Germany begins the effort of splitting up Poland, which it had agreed on with Stalin of the Soviet Union in their nonagression pact. Poland's capital, Warsaw, surrenders nearly a month later on 27 September 1939.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    A long-term air attack of Britain by German bombers and fighters. During this attack, Germany dropped several bombs on London, causing the capital of Britain to catch fire.
  • Normay surrenders to Germany

    Normay surrenders to Germany
    Norway had attacked on 9 March 1940. Norway resists valiantly but surrenders to Germany at last.
  • First Peacetime Military Draftgoes into effect

    First Peacetime Military Draftgoes into effect
    This is the first time that a draft for military service is created. The draft applies to males only. FDR signed this peacetime draft.
  • Hitler breaks nonagression pact with Soviet Union

    Hitler breaks nonagression pact with Soviet Union
    Hitler breaks the Nazi-Soviet Pact he has with Stalin. Hitler invaded the Soviet Union. As a result, Britain and the Soviet Union, though they mistrusted easch other, began to work together to bring down Hitler.
  • FDR and Churchill issue Atlantic Charter

    FDR and Churchill issue Atlantic Charter
    The Atlantic Charter described how FDR and Churchill wanted the world postwar to be. They emphasized that people have thbe roght to choose their form of government, and they said that countries cannot seek territorial gain any longer.
  • Pearl Harbour attacked by Japan

    Pearl Harbour attacked by Japan
    Pearl Harbour is in Hawaii, US. The Japanese attacked by air, sinking the battleship Oklahoma, and killing 2833 Americans dead.AS a result, the United States officially enters the war.
  • Bataan Death March/Phillipines fall to Japan

    Bataan Death March/Phillipines fall to Japan
    Three months of battle ended on this day. US general Edward P. King surrendered to the attacking Japanese. 70,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war were forced to walk 90 miles over the course of six days.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    The Battle of Midway was fought on Midway Atoll, between the Japanese and the Americans. It began on 4 June 1942, and ended on this day. It was the turning point for the war in the
    Pacific.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    The Battle of Stalingrad took place winter 1942 to 1943. Battle of Stalingrad was between Russia and Germany. THe Soviet Union was successful at stopping German Nazi forces at the Russian city of Stalingrad and therefore preventing the Germans from taking the Soviet union.
  • Zoot Suit Riots

    Zoot Suit Riots
    'Zoot Suits" ewre a type of outfit that young Mexican Americans wore during the WWII time period. American citizens thought these suits to be unpatriotic. Americans, such as sailors, ganged up on the young Mexican Americans who wore these suits and beat them up. These occasions were known as Zoot Suit Riots.
  • Italy Surrenders

    Italy Surrenders
    On this day, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies with no conditions. It had been planned secretly five days prior to this, and General Eisenhower was the General who announced it on this day.
  • D-Day: THe Battle at Normandy

    D-Day: THe Battle at Normandy
    US troops arrived by parachutes on the beaches of Normandy, southern France. This was extremely successful for the Allied Forces, who sustained little deaths in this battle and removing France from Germany's power.
  • French were Liberated

    French were Liberated
    On this day, the US troops entered Paris after success at the beaches of Normandy. The US troops liberated the French, much to their glee. A key turning point in the war.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The battle of the bulge waws fought against German forces. The Germans were defeated, and the Allies ewre the ones who made it, with more supplies and more men to keep fighting, and it was showing that the Germans were depleted in these aspects.
  • Death of FDR

    Death of FDR
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, three-time president of the US, dies of a stroke. Harry S. Truman, the VP at this time, takes office.
  • Soviets Enter Berlin

    Soviets Enter Berlin
    On this day, Soviet forces entered Berlin to take control. This was one of the events that led to the fall of the German Nazi power, and ultimately led to the victory in Europe--the ending of the war in Europe.
  • Hitler commits Suicide

    Hitler commits Suicide
    On this day, Adolf Hitler commits suicide. There had been attempts on his life, but in the end, he ended up dying by killing himself.
  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    V-E Day was the day of Victory in Europe. This day was the end of the War in Europe. An icredible turning [point, as the only remaining goal was tyo settle business in the Pacific.
  • First Atomic Bomb dropped

    First Atomic Bomb dropped
    The first atomic bomb in the ihstory of the world was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima, and Island of Japan. President Truman ordered the bombing, in hopes to stop a Japanese victory. Over 130,000 people were killed.
  • Second Atomic Bomb

    Second Atomic Bomb
    The second atomic bomb (also dropped by the US) was dropped on the Japanese island of Nagasaki. 30,000 people were killed instantly.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    V-J Day was Victory in Japan Day. the emporer of Japan was the person who annouced their surrender. Gerneal MacArthur of the United STYates was the person who officially accepted the surrender, on the deck of the USS Missouri.