World War II Timeline

  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    The invasion of Poland was the starting point of WWII. Germany invaded against Poland, leaving devastating effects, and left the country in despair. Poland was powerless against Germany, but they had the support of Great Britain and France. In photo: Hitler instructs his troops as they leave for the invasion of Poland.
  • Period: to

    World War II

  • Declared War

    Declared War
    Great Britain and France declared war against Germany. Neither country truly helped Poland, which soon fell against Germany anyways. They became the allies. In photo: Poland was rubble in no time after Germany's invasion. (
  • Germany Plans Attack on France

    Germany Plans Attack on France
    In the winter of 1939-1940 Germany planned against France. Hitler's goal was to destroy all conflicting countries. He was eager to go up against France. In Photo: Hitler gives Nazi Salute (
  • Germany Enters Norway and Denmark

    Germany Enters Norway and Denmark
    (Date is rough guess-Spring of 1940) German Troops invaded Norway and Denmark due to gaining access to the Atlantic Ocean. This was part of the German plan to invade France.
    In photo: Invasion of Norway (
  • Winston Churchill declared Prime Minister

    Winston Churchill declared Prime Minister
    Winston Churchill takes control of Great Britain. He replaced Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister in May of 1940. In Photo: Winston Churchill.
  • Beginning Attack Against France

    Beginning Attack Against France
    Germany hit Netherlands and Belguim first; cause of being inbetween France and Germany. Allies rushed to help but ended up being no help against. Germany attacked south in the Ardennes (forestry between Belguim and France). In Photo: In War against Belgium
  • France Surrenders to Germany

    France Surrenders to Germany
    Conflict was avoided in Dunkirk, but France was still doomed. Allied forces could not save France, therefore France was required to surrender to Germany. Germany then occupied much of France. In photo: Hitler outside Eiffel Tower. www.dipity,com
  • Germany sends aircrafts over

    Germany sends aircrafts over
    From August to October of 1940, Germany sent thousands of aircrafts over English Channel for the purpose of attacking British Targets.
    Photo Credit:
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    Three month airbattle between Germany and Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War II, Britain's victory stalled a German Invasion.
    Photo Credit:
  • Italian-Libya forces attack British-Egypt

    Italian-Libya forces attack British-Egypt
    *Fall of 1940
    Italy invaded Libya and attempted attack against British controlled Egypt. British eliminated threat, and soon invaded Libya and took over control of ALL northern Africa.
  • London Blitz

    London Blitz
    German planes bombed ports and cities; (London). Was known as London Blitz. The assault was in Hitler's goal to terrorize British public and the will to fight. German bombs killed thousands and destroyed land. British wouldn't give in.
    Photo Credit:
  • Hitler Calls off Plans

    Hitler Calls off Plans
    Bombing continues, but Germany continually lose. Hitler calls off plans of invasion into Britain.
    Photo Credit:
    Date estimated- said "into early 1941"
  • Broken NonAggression Pact

    Broken NonAggression Pact
    Hitler broke nonaggression pact with Stalin. Sent in 3 million trooops into Soviet Union. Soviet's Red Army had millions of poorly trained and equipped troops of soldiers. Ended up being no match for German Forces
    Photo credit:
  • Japan Invades French Indochina

    Japan Invades French Indochina
    *Date was known for June 1941
    Japan moved forces in for reason of supplying they would need for military needs was here. Indochina was rich in oil, rubber, and other natural resources.
    Photo Credit:
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Code name for invasion of Soviet Union in WWII. Largest Military attack of WWII. Photo Credit:
  • First Holocaustic Mass Killings

    First Holocaustic Mass Killings
    In 1941, mass amounts of Jews wer killed by Nazis. There were many brutal deaths. Those who lived in ghettos died by starvation or murder. Some in concentration camps - worked as slave laborers. Some died from medical experiments, furnaced, gased, starvation,
  • Sales of Oil Banned

    Sales of Oil Banned
    *Date was of July 1941
    American forces banned sales of oil to Japan. This was to slow the forces and slow the Japanese war strategy. It was a serious threat.
    Photo Credit:
  • Siege of Leningrad

    Siege of Leningrad
    Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city, around 1 million civillians perished during siege.
    Photo Credit:
  • Germany sinks first U.S. Navy ship

    Germany sinks first U.S. Navy ship
    Germany sinks the first U.S. Navy Ship. German U-boat sinks the American escort ship USS "Reuben James". In this defeat, Germany kills most of the crew.
    Photo Credit:
  • British Forces pushed out of Libya

    British Forces pushed out of Libya
    *"Through 1941-1942
    "Afrika Korps" - group of German and Italian forces in Africa. Rommel skillfully pushed British out of Libya and back into Egypt. Korps had issues supplying forces, and between the British and Afrika Korps traded blows.
    Photo Credit:
  • German Deep in Soviet Union

    German Deep in Soviet Union
    Germans were deep into Soviet territiories, but had not reached goals of Leningrad and Moscow. Lacking necessities for region's climate, proggession stopped in midwinter.
    Photo Credit:
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Under General Hideki Tojo's orders, Japanese miliary leaders surprise attacked American naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Japan initiated attack.
  • Declared War Against Japan

    Declared War Against Japan
    U.S. Congress declares war against Japan. Pearl Harbor left large damage; and in return war was declared.
  • War Declared on U.S. by Germany and Italy

    War Declared on U.S. by Germany and Italy
    Germany and Italy declared war against United States three days after war was declared against Japan. United States joined the Allies in the global fight against the Axis Powers.
  • Soviet Union Fights Back

    Soviet Union Fights Back
    *Date not accurate- estimated
    Soviet recovered from the casualties from early fighting, and as this happened, the armies rebuilt quickly. Soviet Union started fighting back.
    Photo Credit:
  • News Spread of Holocaust

    News Spread of Holocaust
    The news of the Holocaust spread from Germany. Countries were horrified but no one took concrete action.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    *April 1942
    Japanese forced 70,000 prisoners to march the Bataan Peninsula to a prison camp. During the march, there was tropical heat, lack of nutrition and hydration, and brutal violence. 600 American and 10,000 Filipino prisoners died. Thousands more perished.
  • Battle of Coral Sea

    Battle of Coral Sea
    *May 1942
    Japan at height in power, Japanese and American aircrafts came together in battle the location was of Coral Sea. Japanese forces invaded the british controlled "Port Moresby" on New Guinea. Allied vessels tried to block attack. Both lost aircraft carriers. Hurt the Americans moreso. And marked first time Japanese Advance had been stopped.
  • Soviet Comes Across Evidence

    Soviet Comes Across Evidence
    *Summer of 1944
    Soviet troops came across an abandoned death camp in Poland. This showed that Germans tried to cover up evidence of their crimes; knowing they did wrong.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    *Fought June 1942
    One of the most decisive battles of WWII. Effectively destroyed Japan's naval strength. Americans destroyed 4 aircraft carriers. Naval battle fought in the Pacific; Americans broke Japanese coding and knew date and location of attack. Easy victory for Americans.
  • Battle of Guadalcanal

    Battle of Guadalcanal
    *August 1942 - Feb 1943
    Battle fought in the Pacific, represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces. Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon island.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    *Fought during winter of 1942 through 1943.
    Purpose of German Commander of the 6th Army assisted by Fourth Panzer Army, was to secure oil fields in Caucasus. Paulus (General) was directed by Hitler to take Stalingrad. Stalingrad was Russia's centre of communications, and manufactoring.
  • German Army advances into Stalingrad.

    German Army advances into Stalingrad.
    *In Early September 1942
    German Army advances into city. Russians took a stand against with help of Russian leader: Joseph Stalin.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    *October 1942
    British troops under control of General Montgomery took advantage of Rommel's supply issues. Using information from previously cracked coding, British had an easy victory. This secured the Suez Canal.
  • American British Forces in North Africa

    American British Forces in North Africa
    *November 1942
    Under control of Eisenhower, British and American forcees landed in North Africa. Allies faced little resistance and French joined shortly after. This put Rommel in a difficult position, and supply problems got worse.
  • Winning the Atlantic

    Winning the Atlantic
    *Dated "By 1943"
    Allies made adjustments of getting goods across the Atlanitc. The Allies broke a code of the Germans used to transmit information; this taught the locations of the German U-boats. Losses dropped, and the Atlantic still belonged to the Allies
  • Allied Forces defeat of Battle of Guadalcanal

    Allied Forces defeat of Battle of Guadalcanal
    Allied forces defeat Japan in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Japanese forces are forced to abandon island.
  • Red Army defeats in Stalingrad

    Red Army defeats in Stalingrad
    The Red Army won against Germany in the Battle of Stalingrad. Axis Powers resistance ceased.
  • Germans and Italians Surrender in North Africa

    Germans and Italians Surrender in North Africa
    *May 1943
    Troops of Germany and Italy soon felt trapped, and nearly 250,000 Axis soldiers were taken as POWs. Germany and Italy surrender, and all of North Africa was in Allied hands.
  • Capture of Sicily

    Capture of Sicily
    *July of 1943
    Allied troops moved north, and went into Italy's territory. Soon entering the island of Sicily. Resistance weakened, and forced Benito Mussolini (dictator and fascist of Italy) out of power. Allied powers captured island and soon planned on invading mainland.
  • Germany slows invasion of Italy against Allied Powers

    Germany slows invasion of Italy against Allied Powers
    *September of 1943
    Hitler did not want Allied powers to have access to center of Europe. Soon, he brought in German troops to hold resistance against the powers. Allied Powers moved into southern Italy and invasion slowed as they went north.
  • United States Reach Out to Jews

    United States Reach Out to Jews
    *Jan 1944
    Millions of Jews had died, and US established the War Refugee Board to help rescue European Jews. Saved around 200,000 Jews.
  • Siege of Leningrad Ended

    Siege of Leningrad Ended
    The siege ended fully around January 27th, 1944. This was a tragic period that Russians view as the "Leningrad Blockade." Many people died from starvation during the blockade.
  • D-Day

    The first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in WWII. It was in attempt to defeat Hitler. Many soldiers casualed but many began the march.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    *December 16 1944 - January 25 1945
    Major German Offensive launched towards end of WWII that took place through the Ardennes. It was named "Battle of the Bulge" due to the way the front line on the Allies side, bulged inward on maps.
  • Soviets Liberate Death Camp

    Soviets Liberate Death Camp
    Soviet liberates the Auschwitz Death Camp. Found 7,000 starving survivors, and found hundreds of thousand clothing items. They realized many more people were held then the ones found.
  • Allied Forces won Battle of the Bulge

    Allied Forces won Battle of the Bulge
    Germany nearly won the Battle of The Bulge but Allied forces took control and fought it out and won.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    *February 1945
    A meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. The group reached an agreement on what to do with Germany after WWII.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    *February 1945
    Month long battle, where Allied troops landed on Japanese island of Iwo Jima. 7,000 Americans died, and 20,000 Japanese defenders were located on island when Americans deid. Only 1,000 died.
  • American and British Troops found camps

    American and British Troops found camps
    *April 1945
    American forces reach the Buchenwald camp. Found thousands of corpses and many inmates nearly dead. British found Bergen-Belsen camp, tens of thousands murdered. Soldiers shocked at discoveries.
  • Soviets reach Berlin

    Soviets reach Berlin
    Soviets reached Berlin Germany and surrounded the city. They were the first to gain access.
  • Adolf Hitler death

    Adolf Hitler death
    Adolf Hitler found dead near Berlin bunker. He took his own life. Berlin surrended the same day.
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    Victory in Europe Day. The date commemoriates the day of when the Allies formally accepted the surrender of the Nazi Germany armed forces. And the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich.
  • Germany Surrendered

    Germany Surrendered
    War was over in Europe after the death of Hitler, and Berlin's surrender, Germany surrendered on May 7th. Next day was VE Day.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    A meeting of Allied leaders in the Germsn city of Potsdam to address issues of postwar.
  • Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    *Date given on:
    Bomb included around 12-15 thousand tons of TNT. Devastated 5 sq miles. This bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
    US dropped a larger bomb on city of Nagasaki three days later, it was known as the "Fat Man" and weighed nearly 9,000 lbs.
  • Japan surrenders to Allies

    Japan surrenders to Allies
    After destruction of atomic bombs, and Soviet's declaration of war against Japan, Japan had no choice but to surrender.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    term used by Allies, stands for Victory over Japan. Day where Allies accepted the surrender of Japan