World War II
Japan Invades Chinao Chinese forces were unable to effectively resist the Japanese.
o The Japanese methodically moved south, seizing control of most of eastern China .
o Japanese moved up rivers and railroad lines into the interior of China.
o Communists were in the remote areas of northwestern China.
o Japanese military was not only better armed and organized, they were also incredibly brutal.
Events during WorldWar II
Germany invades Polando This move was not popular with many Germans who supported Hitler but resented the fact that Poland had received the former German provinces.
o Hitler sought the nonaggression pact in order to neutralize the possibility of a French-Polish military alliance.
o France and especially Britain followed a foreign policy of appeasement.
o Polish army was defeated within weeks of the invasion.
o Warsaw surrendered to the Germans on September 27, 1939.
Japan attacks PearlHarboro Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Commander of the Japanese Combined Fleet, had initiated planning for a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet .
o Submarines of the Advance Expeditionary Force began their eastward movement across the Pacific in mid-November.
o On the night of December 7 five two-man submarines that had been carried on large submarines cast off and began converging on Pearl Harbor.
o A total of 360 planes were launched in three waves.
o In PearlHarbor were 96 vessels.
D-Day: The invasion on Normandyo The Allies would attempt an invasion of France to liberate Europe from Germany.
o Allies decided to begin the invasion by landing a huge army at a place called Normandy Beach.
o Code-named "Operation Overlord", and commanded by American General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
o Allies landed on June 6, 1944 at five beaches in the Normandy area.
o Allied planes pounded the Nazi defenders and dropped thousands of paratroopers behind German lines the night before the seaborne landings.
Germany SurrendersoHeinrich Himmler, through Swedish Count Folke Bernadotte, attempted to contact Winston Churchill to negotiate surrender terms.
o Eisenhower adamantly refused to negotiate unless an unconditional surrender on all fronts was achieved.
o While the political leaders in Berlin made their attempts, the German troops began to surrender en masse.
o The first great surrender occurred in Italy.
o Lt.General Helmuth Weidling crossed the front lines and officially surrendered the German capital of Berlin.
Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Droppedo B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, took off from Tinian, a North Pacific island in the Marianas, 1,500 miles south of Japan.
o On a hook in the ceiling of the plane, hung the ten-foot atomic bomb, "Little Boy."
o "Little Boy" was created using uranium-235, a radioactive isotope of uranium.
o Product of $2 billion of research, had never been tested.
o The bomb exploded 1,900 feet above the city and only missed the target, the Aioi Bridge, by approximately 800 feet.
Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasakio Uranium bomb called 'Little Boy'.
o Weighing 8,900 pounds.
o Wiped out nearly five square miles of Hiroshima–60 percent of the city.
o More than 78,000 of the city's total population of 348,000 were killed; an estimated 51,000 were injured or missing.
o 12-hour mission.
Japan surrenderso The ceremonies, less than half an hour long, took place on board the battleship USS Missouri.
o To most Japanese - not to mention those who had suffered at their hands during the war - the end of hostilities came as blessed relief.
o Not everybody was to lay down their arms.
o Tens of thousands of Japanese soldiers remained in China,
o Smaller groups continued fighting on Guadalcanal, Peleliu and in various parts of the Philippines right up to 1948.