World War II

  • Great Depression begins

    The US stock market crashes and affects economies around the world. It lasted a decade.
  • Japan conquers Manchria in northern China

  • Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler overthrew the constitution and took control of the government. He preached German racial superiority of blue eyes and blonde hair and that all other races were to be exterminated.
  • Roosevelt first elected president

    Americans felt that Hoover led them into the depression and di not help them, so they turned against him and elected Roosevelt.
  • Nurember Laws

    Laws stripping German Jews from rights like Reich citizenship, relationships with Germans, and forcing them to wear the Yellow Star of David. This later extended to other races.
  • Hitler & Mussolini form the Rome-Berlin Axis

    Hitler wanted to take Sudentenland, but France and Soviet Union were in a treaty to protect Sudetenland. This was the brink of the war.
  • Japan invades China

  • Germany invades Austria

  • Britain's appeasement of Germany

    Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister met Hitler in Germany to agree if Hitler took Sudetenland he woould stop trying to conquer towns. Hitler broke his promise and continued taking towns after Sudetenland.
  • Kristallnacht

    Jewish businesses, homes and synagogues, were vandalised and windows were broken referring to "night of Broken Glass"
  • Germany and Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact

    Germany and Soviet Union agreed not to attack each other.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Blitkrieg was lightning war using speed and surprise. Conquring Poland would bring "living space" to the racially supereor Germans.
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    Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and France

  • Japan joines the Axis Powers

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    German air force bombs London and other civilian targets in the Battle of Britain

    Germany sent air raids over Britain but Britain didn't surrender.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    US lended or leased resources and equipment to the Allies. They sent the Allies in total about $50 billion worth of goods
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    African Americans in the armed forces served in segregated units. The Tuskegee Airmen were a famous unit of the air force and the war made African Americans more respected
  • Rosie the Riveter

    Women worked when men were overseas. By 1945, 19 million women worked. Rosie the Riveter was an image of a strong woman for thee women work force
  • Germany invades the Soviet union

    Hitler wanted the Soviet wheat and oil but he had to stop in December because of the harsh winter.
  • The Nazis implement the "Final Solution"

    Hitler ordered an extermination of all people who weren't of the "ideal" German race which included German Jewish, homosexuals, Gypsies, and the disabled. Most were taken to concentration camps where most women and children were killed and the able bodied worked
  • Pearl Harbor

    Japan wanted to conquer Dutch East Indies, but they thought the US navy was it the way so they bombed the air base and and 2,400 Americans died. Roosevelt declared war the next day.
  • Japanese-American incarceration

    Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, forcing 11,000 Japanese to leave their homes for incarceration camps. 2/3 were Nisei, Japanese-Americans. The US feared all Japanese were connected to the Pearl Harbor attack.
  • Bataan Death March

    70,000 Filipino and American troops surrendered to Japanese on Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines. While marching 65 miles to the prison camp, 10,000 prisoners died.
  • Battle of Midway

    US victory over Japanese on Midway Island. It was a turning point of the war.
  • Manhattan Project

    Top secret project o developing atomic bombs led by J. Robert Oppenheimer. The bombs were later used to bomb Japan
  • British forces stop the German advace at El Alamein

    Britain couldn't afford to lose the Suez Canal for their shipping in Egypt. They stopped the German forces in Egypt
  • Guadalcanal

    A battle over the island of Midway, US against Japan. Another turning point of the war.
  • German forces surrender at Stalingrad

    Russians came to Stalingrad to take the industrial town. It was a rough winter and Hitler didn't let his troops retreat.. They surrendered in February 1943.
  • D-Day

    Allied invasion of coast of France. It was the largest sea-air-land operation in history. There was three stages to overtake France.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Final German assault in Ardennes region of Belgium and Luxembourg. 120,000 Germans and 80,000 American casualties. Bloodiest day of war since Battle of Antietam
  • Yalta Conference

    Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin all met at a conference. They made planes for end of the war and for the future of Europe.
  • Iwo Jima

    Island of Japan that was invaded by the Marines. From this battle came the famous picture of the US flag on top of Mount Suribachi. Fighting comtinued for a few more days after the flag was raised though.
  • Roosevelt dies, Truman becomes president

    Roosevelt died after 4 months of being sworn into his second term due to poor health.
  • Okinawa

    Fought around the same time as Iwo Jima. 18,0000 US and 120,000 Japanese died on both islands combined.
  • Allied forces advance on Berlin, Germany surrenders

    Hitler committed suicide on April 30. on May 2, Sovits took Berlin. 5 days later Germany surrendered at Eisenhower's headquarters in France. Victory in Europe day.
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    Postam conference

    To discoveer the Nazi war criminals and put the on trials for their inhumane actions.
  • Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Bombs from the Manhattan Project. Hiroshima was the first isalnd attacked with 75,000 Japanese dead. The Japanese didn't surrender. On August 9, a bomb was dropped on Nagasaki killing 40,000. Japan surrendered afterwards.
  • Japanese officials sign an official letter of surrender on the USS Missouri, ending WWII

    Japan surrendered after the bombing of Nagasaki on September 2, 1945 and officially surrendered in August
  • United Nations

    50 nations met in San Fransico to talk about replacing the League of Nations. On June 6, 1945 they ratified the charter. Before his death, Roosevelt urged Americans not to turn back on the world again.
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    Nuremberg Trials

    Trials of 24 Nazi war criminals. Hermann Goring was infamous criminal who was the head of Gestapo (secret police) who raided houses and loaded trucks to camps. 19 of the 24 defendents wer found guilty and 12 of those were sentence to death.
  • Marshall Plan

    Secretary of state George Marshall's plan to boost the European economies after the war. He donated $13 billion to help Europe rebuild.