The Japanese took control of Manchuria and increased their size. Manchuria had rich natural sources and land to spread out.
Hitler takes power
He was a powerful public speaker and he set beliefs of Nazism. He quickly became the leader of the Nazi party. His goal was to reunite Germany and Austria.
Spanish Civil War
Revolts accord in Spain which then resulted the Spanish War because officers rebelled against the republic. Francisco Franco was the general who led the rebellion.
Japanese invades China
The Japanese were on a rampage gaining land. The Japanese controlled most of Asia and the Pacific islands. They controlled the sea and most naval bases in Asia and in the Pacific.
The first to acts outlawed sales or loans to the nations who were involved at war. To keep the U.S. out of the war and in future wars.
Britian and France wanted to protect Czechoslavakia from Germany, but gave up the Sudetenland. Czechoslavakia gave Germany Sudetenland without a fight. Hitler wanted the Sudetenland because it was a German speaking country, and it orginally belonged to Germany prior to World War I. He wanted to make more living space and to control the natural resources.
German invasion of Czechoslovakia
Since there were 3,000,000 German speaking people were living in the western border region of Czecholslovakia, Hitler wanted to annex Czecholovakia for more living space and control natural resources. Hitler claimed that the Czechs were victimizing the Sudeten Germans and then he started gathering troops on the Czech border. Hitler told French premier Edouard Daladier and British prime minister Neville Chamberlain the annexation of Sudetenland would be his "last territorial demand."
Hitler and Stalin secretly signed the Nonaggression Pact to invade Poland and divide the terrority in half. Germany gets half and Russia gets the other half of Poland. Germany and Russia made an agreement not to fight each other.
Invasion of Poland
Germany bombed Poland. It was the Germans first test for using the method of blitzkreg, lightening war by using aircrafts and tanks. Britain and France declare war on Germany.
Battle of the Atlantic
When Germany wanted to block food and war materials getting to Britain and the USSR. There was 30,000 mile long shipping lanes to get supplies to Britain. Hitler knew if he blocked those lanes Britain would starve without excess to supplies.
Invasion of Denmark and Norway
Hitler broke his promise. He planned a suprise attack on Denmark and Norway. He controlled them because he wanted to build naval bases along the coast to strike against Great Britian.
Fall of France
Itlay and Germany invaded France from the north and south. French officer were ordered to surrender by Hitler. When France fell, Charles de Gaulle, a French general fled to England to set up a government and proclaimed " France has lost a battle, but but France has not lost the war."
Battle of Britian
The Luftwaffe bombed Britian. From summer into fall everynight the Germans bombed England. Eventhough the Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) retaliated German bombed fell on Britain cities disrupting production and breaking down cilivian morale. The RAF shot down over 85 German planes and only lost 26 aircrafts.
Roosevelt would support Allies by providing supplies. Most people agreed with this act because they did not want to go to war. Roosevelt is not an isolationist.
When Britain and the U.S. vowed to collective security,disarmament, self-determintion, economic cooperation, and freedom of the seas. Then the Atlantic Charter become a new credentials called "A Declaration of the United Nations."
Japanese bombed Hawaii's naval base in the Pacific. The Japanese killed 2,403 Americans and wounded 1,178. Ships were either sunk or damaged. The U.S. declared war on Japan.
Lieunant Colonel James Doolittle guided 16 bombers in raid on Tokyo and othe Japanese cities. Completeing a Pearl Harbor style air raid over Japan increased America's low spirits.
Battle of Midway
It was the turning point in the Pacific War because the U.S knew when Japan was going to invade Midway. The Americans sent torpedo planes and dive bombers attacking the Japanese planes and aircarriers on desks The Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers, a cuiser and 250 planes. The Allies began "island hopping" getting closer to Japan.
Battle of Stalingrad
The German air force bombed at night over cities and placed wooden buildings on fire. The German conquered house by house. The Soviets used the cold as their adventage to sent new tanks across the frozen landscape and having a major attack. The German commander surrender do to the cold and brutal weather on January 1, 1943 the the other troops surrendered because of starvation two days later. It was a turning point for Soviets.
Operation Torch/ North African Front
Dwight D. Eisenhower was a general who led the invasion in North America which was called the Operation Torch. Eisenhower led Allie troops to fight against Axis's Afrika Korps and General Erwin Rommel. The Allies won and Afrika Korps surrendered in May 1943.
It began with seizure of Sicily. The Italian government demanded dictator Benito Mussolini to step down. Hitler 's ultimate goal was to cutoff the Allies in Italy than fighting on German soil. Italy was freed in 1945, when Germany was close in collapsing.
When The U.S. first invades on code-name Operation Overload. There was a massive air and sea bombardment by the Allies, while German is relatiating on Omaha Beach. Lots of soilders were yelling, screaming, dying, and running on the beach.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
It took place in the Pacific Ocean. The Japanse tested the kamilkaze, or the suicide-plane when Japanse pilots crash their bombs into Allie's ships.There were 424 kamikaze pilots only sunk 16 ships and damaged 80. The battle lasted for 3 days.
Liberation of France
Part of the Battle of Normandy it released Paris from German control. It was the beginnging of the end of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
When German tanks drove 60 miles in Allies boundary creating a bulge in their lines. The Battle lasted a month and the German troops were pushed back and lost, so many casualties and weapons that they could not replace.
Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met to celebrate Germany's defeat and make a plans for the future. Stalin wanted Germany to be divided into zones in order to not let Germany be a threat again. Churchill disapproved and Roosevelt was in between. Roosevelt wanted Stalin's help to fight against Japan and join the United Nations. Geramny was divided into 4 zones controlled by the Allies. Stalin agreed to go fight against Japan and join the U.N.
Iwo Jima means the Sulfur Island in Japanese. It was crucial to the U.S. as a base to launch bombers to reach Japan. The Japanese troops were entrenched in tunnels and caves. More than 6,000 Marines died in taking the island. Only 200 Japanese survived.
Roosevelt died from a stroke. Vice President Harry S. Truman took office and became the 33rd president after Roosevelt's death.
The U.S. invaded Okinawa. There was more than 1,900 kamikaze attacks sunk 30 ships and damaged 300 more. About 7,600 Americans died by June and 110,000 Japanese died defending Okinawa. This war was the chilling taste of what a land war would be like on Japan.
Victory for the Allies in Europe. The Third Reich gave an unconditional surrender.
Hiroshima is a Japanese military which was bombed by the code named Little Boy. It only took 43 seconds for the building to collapse in to dust from the force.
It was bombed with the code amed of Fat Man. About 200,000 people died from injures and radiation poisoning.
Japan unconditionally surrendered to the Allies. V-J Day stands for Victory in Japan. World War II officially ended. The Japanese surrendered because they wanted peace and the allies to stop bombing them. The atoomic bombs destroyed everything due to the radiation.
Nuremberg War Trials
The surviving Nazi leaders were put on trial for crimes against humanity, peace, and war crimes. The leaders were sentenced to prison or death. They claimed to be just following orders and a new U.N. law was made about responsability.