The History of Short Films

  • Louis Le Prince

    Louis Le Prince was an inventor who is considered by many film historians as the true father of motion pictures, who shot the first moving pictures on paper film using a single lens camera. In October 1888, Le Prince filmed moving picture sequences Roundhay Garden Scene and a Leeds Bridge street scene using his single-lens camera and Eastman's paper film. These were several years before the work of competing inventors such as Auguste and Louis Lumière.
  • Etienne-Jules Marey

    Etienne-Jules Marey was a French physiologist and chronophotographer he was the first to use sensitised paper to record film onto. Two years later, Marey replaced the paper strip with a transparent celluloid film 90 mm wide, 1.20 metres or more long. He made many films, including the famous cat landing on its feet.
  • The Lumiere brothers.

    The Lumiere Brothers shoot their first peice of moving pictures, "Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon" (Workers leaving the Lumiere factory).
  • The first public screening.

    The Lumiere Brothers hold their first public screening, 10 of their short films are shown at Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris.
  • L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat

    L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (The Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Station) is a 50 second silent film showing a train arrive at a station. It was shot by the Lumiere brothers, but not apart of the 10 films they showcased on 28/12/1895. Urban myth has it that people were so taken back by the train coming towards the camera they ran to the back, fearful it was coming towards them. It was first publically screened in January of 1896.
  • Le Voyage dans la lune

    Le Voyage dans la lune (A Trip To The Moon) is a french black and white silent science fiction film. The film was written and directed by Georges Méliès, assisted by his brother Gaston. The film runs 14 minutes if projected at 16 frames per second, which was the standard frame rate at the time the film was produced. It was extremely popular at the time of its release, and is the best-known of the hundreds of fantasy films made by Méliès. A Trip to the Moon is the first science fiction film,
  • Edwin Porter

    An American early film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company. His most important films are Life of an American Fireman (1903) and The Great Train Robbery (1903). He was the first to really change editing into what we know today, cross-cuts in Great Train Robbery, He presented two parallel stories in The Kleptomaniac. In The Seven Ages (1905) he used side lighting, close-ups, and changed shots within a scene.
  • Charlie Chaplin

    was an English comic actor, film director and composer best known for his work during the silent film era. He made or was part of 71 short films ine the 8 years between 1914 - 1922. A Pioneer of Cinema and of comedy.
  • Luis Buñuel

    Luis Buñuel was a Spanish born director who worked in Spain, France, USA and Mexico. In 1929 him and artist Salvador Dali wrote and directed a 16 minute short film "Un Chien Andalou" The film has no plot in the conventional sense of the word. The chronology of the film is disjointed, jumping from the initial "once upon a time" to "eight years later" without the events or characters changing very much. It presents a series of tenuously related scenes. It is famous for the eyeball being slit shot.
  • Film Festivals

    A film festival is an organised, extended presentation of films in one or more movie theaters or screening venues, usually in a single locality. The first major film festival was held in Venice in 1932; the other major and oldest film festivals are: Festival del film Locarno (1946), Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (1946), Edinburgh International Film Festival (1947) Cannes Film Festival (1947), Melbourne International Film Festival (1951) and Berlin International Film Festival (1951)
  • French New Wave

    La Nouvelle Vague (The new wave). French Filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, heavily influenced by Italian Neorealism and classical Hollywood. It radically changed editing, narrative and camerawork.
  • François Truffaut

    an influential film critic and filmmaker and one of the founders of the French New Wave. Truffaut became a critic (and later editor) at Cahiers, where he became notorious for his brutal, unforgiving reviews. in 1955 he made his first short film Une Visite which he never released as he was unhappy with it, he followed this with Les Mistons which was very influential on the French new wave.
  • Boy and Bicycle

    Boy and Bicycle is the first film made by Ridley Scott. The black and white short was made on 16mm film while Scott was a photography student at the Royal College of Art in London in 1962. Scott would not direct his first feature for another 15 years, the film is significant in that it features a number of visual elements that would be become motifs of Scott's work.
  • Tim Burton

    As a child Tim Burton made short films in his backyard using crude stop motion animation techniques or shoot them on 8 mm film without sound. One of his shorts got the attention of Disney. They hired him and here he would make 2 more shorts (To Disneys dissaray) Vincent (6 minute black and white stop motion animation) and Frankaweenie (Black and white live action which is currently being made into a feauture length)
  • Chris Nolan

    In 1997, Christopher Nolan directed, wrote and produced "Doodlebug" a 3 minute surreal psychological thriller.
  • Ashvin Kumar

    Dropped out of Film School and put those funds towards making a film as he wanted to learn on the job, This ended up becoming the 48 minute long Short film "Road to Ladakh". He followed this with the 15 minute long "Little Terrorist" which was nominated for an Oscar, and has been invited to over 120 film festivals around the world.
  • YouTube

    YouTube is a video-sharing website, created by three former PayPal employees in February 2005, on which users can upload, share and view videos. Allows People to find short films easier especially with well known short film promotions having their own channels allowing for multiple Short films to be easily found.