Saf1's US History Timeline

  • Oct 11, 1492

    Christopher Columbus Lands in the New World

    Christopher Columbus Lands in the New World
    Cristopher Columbus, an Italien explorer who worked for spain. Him and his crew landed in the Americas unexpectedly, thinking they were in the Indies. He brought Christianity and claimed the New World for Spain
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The Spanish Empire

    The Spanish Empire
    An Italian named Christopher Columbus was inspired by Maro Polo's writings. Columbus became convinced that the shortest route to the Indies lied on the west, across the Atlantic Ocean. Instead he landed in North America. With his new discovery he started a new empire.
  • Nov 15, 1534

    New France

    New France
    France sent Jacques Cartier to explore the Atlantic coastline of North America. Cartier failed to find the water passage. But he did claim the land we know today as Canada.
  • Sep 26, 1541

    Fransisco Pizzaro: discovery of Peru

    Fransisco Pizzaro: discovery of Peru
    Fransisco Pizzaro had discovered Peru. He had also conquered an empire in south America called the Incas. He died on the 26 of June 1541 (aged 65–70) in Lima, Peru
  • Jamestown: The First English Colony

    Jamestown: The First English Colony
    The first colonists at Jamestown settled in an area where they believed would be easy to defend against Native Americans and the Spanish. They called this colony jamestown after King James I. Captain jhon smith took controle of Jamestown.
  • Startving Time in Winter

    Startving Time in Winter
    The Starving Time at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a time of Starvation. The first colonists, who had originally arrived at Jamestown on May 14, 1607, had never planned to grow all of their from their own. Instead, their plans were to trade with the local Native Americans to supply them with food between the arrival of the supply ships from England. To survive, the English ate dogs, rats and even human corpses. The only person who survived during this turmoil was Captain Jhon Smith
  • New Netherland

    New Netherland
    Dutch merchents formed the Dutch west India Compamy to start a colony. Henry Hudson, an English sailor, found land along the banks of a river in present day New York and claimed it for Netherlands. Then in 1626, the Dutch West India company started a colony in New netherlands
  • Peter Minuit Governing New Netherlands Colony

    Peter Minuit Governing New Netherlands Colony
    Peter Minuit was the Director-General of the Dutch colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1633. The compamy (Dutch West India) sent him with many orders so it becomes a better place. Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from Native Americans on May 24, 1626 for goods to the value of 60 Dutch guilders, which has been said to be the equivalent of $24 USD. He trated $24 worth accesories for the island.
  • Georgia: Southern Colony

    Georgia: Southern Colony
    Georgia, the 13 and last colony, was founded by a group of Englishmen. Georgia would stand between Spanish Florida and the rest of the British colonies to the north. Life was not easy in Georgia. Georgia soon became as successful as the other Southern Colonies.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited settlers from moving west and the Indians from move east of the Appalachian Mountains because King George III said this is how they can keep Native Americans and colonists from killing each other. The farmers were furious because the only place they could find new land was west of the mountains.
  • The Quartering Act

    The Quartering Act
    The Quartering Act ordered colonial asseblies to provide British troops with quarters. They were also told to furnish soldiers with fring, beddings, cooking utencils etc. New Yorkers said that the soldiers just took up space and did not take care of them. So the British refused to act.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    Prime MInister George Grenville proposed a new act called the Stamp Act. This law required colonists to buy a stamp for every piece of paper they use. Newspapers , licenses & game cards had to have stamps. The colonists saw the Stamp Act as a violation of their rights as British subjects. “No taxation without representation!” they cried.Some colonists protested the Stamp Act by sending messages to Parliament
  • The Townshend Acts

    The Townshend Acts
    A British leader, Charles Townshend believed that the colonists’ bad behavior made it even more important to keep an army in America. So they sent soldiers to Boston to enforce the Townshend Acts. For the money, Colonists had to pay taxes for imported goods from Britain (paper, pain, tea etc). The colonists got furious, boycotted all British good and used loacal products instead.
  • The Tea Act

    The Tea Act
    The boycott of British tea hurt the British East Indian Company badly. To rescue the company, Lord North enforced The Tea Act that lowered the cost if tea that was sold by the British. Many merchants were alarmed by To protest the tax on tea. Patriots disguised as Native Americans threw 342 chests of tea overboard from three British ships. Colonists later called this the Boston Tea Party.
  • The Intolerable Acts

    The Intolerable Acts
    After the Boston Tea Party, Britains anger led parliament pass a new series of laws. These laws were so harsh, they were called Intollerable Acts. This was to punish masachusates for throwing away the tea. Since King George didn't bother about the respectful letter the patriots sent him, they formed malitias.
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    King George had made many mistakes in his decisions about the colonies. Rather than considering the colonists’ complaints, he refused to answer their message. Meanwhile a spy told General Gage that the colonists were hiding gunpowder and weapons in the nearby village of Concord. Gage decided to strike at once. This turned out to be the the first battle of the Revolutionary war and which lasted for 7 years.
  • The Siege of Boston

    The Siege of Boston
    George Washington took command of the continental army to get the British out of Boston. The army only had 36 barrels of gunpowder, so he started a rumor that he had 1,800 barrels of gunpowder. Meanwhile, Washington sent letters to other colonies begging for gunpowder. Fortunately, he got cannons from Fort Ticonderoga. The British Abandoned Boston and took 9,000 troops and 1,100 loyalists with them to Canada.
  • The Second Continental Congress

    The Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the 13 Colonies that wanted to form a continental army, soon after warfare when the American Revolutionary War had begun. The delegates voted George Washington as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill
    Militiamen near Boston made plans to fortify two hills that overlooked the city Bunker Hill. Israel Putnam led a few hundred men up the Hill. In four hours of furious digging, they erected a crude fort on the top of the hill. When the British were almost on top of them, the militiamen pulled their triggers. The redcoats took the hill but only because the Americans had used up all their gunpowder and thus had to pull back.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    This was a declaration to the British, stating why they wanted to be independent states, and thus no longer be a part of the British Empire.
  • Battle for New York

    Battle for New York
    The american and the British army met in Brooklyn, New York, for a battle. The americans began defending their city. After battle for 2 days, the Americans were no match for the British as they had less amount of people and didn't have superior training.
  • Trenton

    Washongton's army crossed the ice-chocked Delaware river in small boats. He had planned a surprise attack on the Hessians at Trenton. His plan was successful, overwhelming them completely.
  • The Olive Branch Petition

    The Olive Branch Petition
    Congress sent a petition to George III asking him to end the war. By the time the petition reached London the king had already declared the colonies to be in “open and avowed rebellion". He ordered his ministers “to bring the traitors to justice". This changed the mind of Washington's General.
  • The battle of Saratoga

    The battle of Saratoga
    When Burgoynes army reached saratoga springs and found that there were a whole bunch of militia, they surrendered because the malitias outnumbered them
  • The Siege of Yorktown

    The Siege of Yorktown
    Washington set a trap for Cornwallis in Virginia. The British could not be assisted by their navy because washingtons army was moved down south and the french army helped them. So the French decided to block the harbour.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The colonists from United states signed a treaty with the British, in Paris. The treaty had 3 important parts, 1 - Britain agreed to recognize the colonies as an independant nation, 2 - Britain gave up its claims to all lands between the Atlantic coast and the Mississippi river, 3 - The colonies agreed to return all rights and property taken from loyalists during war.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Farmers would not be able to pay their debts thus they woould get thrown in jail. They were asked to sell their land and livestock to pay off, but instead they attacked the courthouse to remove records.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    The constituional Convention was a convention where the delegates from each states discussed to improve the articles of confederation.
  • The Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase
    TheLouisiana territoy had been purchased by the United States. Then Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States for $15 million.
  • Spain gives Florida to the U.S.

    Spain gives Florida to the U.S.
    The United States planned to invade Florida. Without authority to invade the Spanish colony, Andrew Jackson marched into Florida with a force of 1,700 troops. Fearful of war, the Spanish government agreed to yield Florida to the United State. In exchange, the United States agreed to pay off $5 million for the settlers' claims against Spain.
  • The Missouri Compromise Unravels

    The issue of slavery continued to divide the nation. Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in Washington D.C., but congress refused to concider anti-slavery petitions which upset the Northerners. Nothern Abolitionists were angered because they wanted slavery to stop, but congress refused.
  • Confronting the issue of Slavery

    Confronting the issue of Slavery
    The tallmadge Amendment proposed that misouri be admitted as a free state. Southerners opposed this because they feared of loosing power, which would put an end to slavery. They were upset about it.
  • Confronting the Issue of Slaver

    Confronting the Issue of Slaver
    When Missouri applied for statehood, Congress had to confront the problem of the spread of Slavery into territories. Angry Northerners opposed this because the balance the votes between the states.
  • The Indian Removal Act

    The Indian Removal Act
    Urged on by President Jackson, Congress enfroced the Indian Removal Act, in which Native Americans in the East had to move to a new place. Some groups agreed to move voluntarily, others resisted and ended with tragic results.
  • The "Trail of Tears"

    The "Trail of Tears"
    More than 17,000 Cherokee were dragged from their homes in Georgia to the west by federal troops. Four thousand died during their long walk to Indian Territory. Those who survived remembered that terrible journey as their “Trail of Tears.”
  • The Compromise Satisfies No One

    In spite of the compromise of 1850, the dispute over slavery became worse. The fugitive slave law caused hatred between the North and the South. The southerners were dissatisfied with the way the fugitive law was enforced because they felt the law did not do enough to ensure the return of their escaped property.
  • The Civil War

    The Civil War
    The American Civil War was the tension between the Northern and Southern states on disputed over slavery and states rights, resulting decades of war. Soon, the eleven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. Fort Summer was the first place battle took place. At last, Robert E. Lee surrenderd to the Union, which was the end of the U.S Civil War.
  • Texas is annexed

    Texas is annexed
    Texas remained independent for ten years. People in the United States were divided over whether to annex Texas. Southerners were eager to add another slave state and Northerners who opposed slavery wanted to keep Texas out. Congress voted to annex Texas. In 1845, Texas was admitted as the 28th state.