Romantic and Classical Period Timeline

  • Period: to

    Filippo Taglioni

    Father of Marie Taglioni. Created a new style of dance that embodied light graciousness. Filippo was an Italian dancer, choreographer, and ballet master.
  • Period: to

    Salvatore Vigano

    Produced Creatures of Prmetheus, and created dramas called choreodramas. Became known as the "Father of Italian Ballet."
  • Carlo Blasis

    Created ballet position of attitude and developed ballet technique, distinguishing the three kind of dancers: he serious, the demi-caracte're, and teh comic dancer.
  • Choreodramas

    Chroeodramas are mimed dramas that use naturalistic mime to invoke realism in ballets.
  • Marie Taglioni

    Marie Taglioni
    Marie Taglioni was the embodiement of the Romantic Period. Danced in productions such as "Dance of the Dead Nuns", and La Sylphide.
  • Auguste Bournonville

    Bournonvilles genius kept ballet alive and flourishing in Denmark while it declined in Europe during the late 19th Century. His ballets created body directions like croise' and efface', and beats.
  • Fanny Essler

    Fanny Essler
    Most known for her fiery temper in the production, Le Diable Boiteux. Very different from the light gracious style, and developed earthy movements.
  • Jules Perrot

    Perrot is believed to be the greatest male dancer of the romantic era. His most important ballets were Ondine, La Esmeralda, Pas de Quatre, Le Jugement de Paris, and Faust.
  • Period: to

    Theophile Gautier

    Wrote scenarios for raomtic ballets, most remarkable work were the plots for Giselle and La Peri.
  • Carlotta Grisi

    Carlotta Grisi
    Danced lead in Giselle, created by Jean Coralli and Perrot. She was the first Giselle, and one of the most prominent romantic ballerinas. She was also believed to wear the first pointe shoe.
  • Lucille Grahn

    Studied with Bournonville and danced the lead role in his first production La Sylphide. Danced the Pas de Quatre. Most known as the "Danish Taglioni".
  • Period: to

    Marius Petipa

    Petipa created 50 or more ballets, and some of them are classic ballets like : Don Quixote, La Bayadere, The Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, and Swan Lake.
  • Mary Ann Lee

    Mary Ann Lee
    Mary Ann Lee was one of the first American ballet dancers. Her 10-year career included the first American performance of the classic ballet Giselle.
  • Code of Terphishcore

    A book by Blasis considered to be the leading reference work on classic-academic dance technique in the 19th century. First published in London in 1828, it was republished in Paris in 1830 under the title Manuel complet de la danse.
  • Period: to

    Lev Ivanov

    Russian dancer and choreographer. Choreogrphed The Nutcracker, and the second and fourth act of Swan Lake. Ivanov is considered b many to been a sensitive artist with a "keen" vision and poetic style.
  • Spanish Cachucha

    Fanny Esslers costume in Le Diable Boiteux, that became the fashion craze of Paris.
  • Queen Victoria

    In 1837 Queen Victoria ascends the throne.
  • La Sylphide

    La Sylphide
    La Sylphide is about James, visited by a sylph on the evening before his marriage to Effie. He meets Madge a witch, who gives him a cloak to capture the sylph, unfortuneatly when he tries to, the cloak makes the sylphs wings fall off and she dies. Meanwhile Effie is off to marry someone else.
  • Giselle

    Choreographed by Jean Coralli, and Jules Perrot. The story of a love triangle set in a tny village in he Rhine Valley. A peasant girl falls for a noble, who is engaged to Bathilde. Giselle learns of the noble's true identity and dies, and turns into a Wili, a spirit that dances from midnigh to dawn. The noble comes to visit her, and she dances with him until dawn comes, so he does not die.
  • La Esmeralda

     La Esmeralda
    A 3 act ballet, performed in 5 scenes. Choreographed by Perrot.
  • Pas de Quatre

    Pas de Quatre
    Pas de Quatre was a plotless ballet that brought together the four leading ballerinas of the romantic era. Choreographed by Jules Perrot.
  • Seond French Empire

    Professional dancer at the Paris Opera. Louis was known as the "Le Grand Dupre", or the "God of Dance."
  • Coppelia

    Choreographed by Arthur Saint-Leon, a romantic ballet. Franz and Swanilda are the romantic couple. Dr. Copelius creats a doll with a soul. Franz falls in love with the doll, but later marries Swanlida in the third act.
  • John Durang

    John Durang was the first U.S.-born professional dancer of note, best known for his hornpipe dance.
  • La Bayadere

    La Bayadere
    Choreographed by Petipa. Performed at the Boloshi theatre. A scene from the ballet, known as The Kingdom of the Shades, is one of the most celebrated excerpts in all of classical ballet, and is considered to be one of the first examples of abstract ballet.
  • The Sleeping Beauty

    The Sleeping Beauty
    Choreographed by Marius Petipa, based on the fairy tale by Charles Perrault.
  • Swan Lake

    Swan Lake
    Swan Lake was choreographed by both Petipa and Ivanov. The story of Princess Odette who has been turned into a swan by von Rothbart. At midnight she and her swan companions dance, and she falls in love with a human who later betrays her. The endings have varied over the course of time.
  • Classical Ballet

    Petipa took elements from romanticism and expanded and wove them into fantasy plot lines, pointe work, and partnering.