Road To Revolution

  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
    Searched for smuggled goods
  • Suger Act

    Suger Act
    Indirect tax (out of sight = out of mind)
    - Duties on molasses and sugar
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Tax on all paper products
    Official stamp/seal on all paper items (proof tax was paid)
    Purchased only with valuable silver coins
    If didn’t purchase = fined or jailed
    Direct Tax - (in your face tax)
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    Parliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”
    Parliament passes this to save face
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    soldier strikes colonist
    Crowd gathers and hassles soldier, throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
    More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
    “Fire if you dare!”
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonist - Lower Prices than colonist merchant prices - Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea - Less smuggling = more tax money
  • Boston Tea party

    Boston Tea party
    Members of Sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor “Boston harbor is a teapot tonight!”
    Caused problems for loyalists /Tories
    Loyalist/Tory = a person in the
    Colony who remains “loyal” to
    the King & Great Britain
  • Intolerable act

    Intolerable act
    Passed to punish Boston for Tea Party - Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for - Massachusetts Charter Cancelled - Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
    “ If a soldier comes knocking at the door…. you’re sleeping on the floor “
    General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
  • First Continental Congress meets

    First Continental Congress meets
    • All colonies but Georgia have representatives
    • voted to send a "statement of grievances"
    • voted to Boycott all British Trade
    • Patrick Henry - VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    The Quartering Act stated that Great Britain would house its soldiers in American barracks and public houses
  • 1000's of Redcoats in Boston

    1000's of Redcoats in Boston
    General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
  • Midnight ride of Paul Revere

    Midnight ride of Paul Revere
    Paul Revere rides to warn the Sons of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the "British are coming... The British are coming.."
  • Battle of Lexington & Concord

    Battle of Lexington & Concord
    1. Battle of Lexington
    2. 1's battle of American Revolutionary War
    3. "shot heard round the world"-Ralph Waldo Emerson
    4. BRITISH Victory
    5. Battle of Concord
    6. Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
    7. AMERICAN Victory
  • Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

    Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
    1. Benedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort
    2. Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
    3. AMERICAN Victory
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    1. Print $$$$
    2. Set up a post office
    3. Created Continental Army led by George Washington
    4. Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
    5. King hire 30,000 Hessians Soldiers in response
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    1. Fought on Breed's Hill
    2. "Don't Fire until you see the whites of their eyes" - William Prescott
    3. BRITISH Victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy
  • Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops

    Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
    1. Realize men are disorganized & need discipline
    2. Need weapons
  • "Common Sense" published by Thomas Paine

    "Common Sense" published by Thomas Paine
    1. pamphlet inspire more colonist to become patriots
    2. "Every thing that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO PART" -Thomas Paine, Common Sense
  • British Surrender Boston

    British Surrender Boston
    1. Washington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive
    2. Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Height overlooking Boston
    3. BRITISH retreat - AMERICAN Victory
  • Second Continental Congress meet again

    Second Continental Congress meet again
    1. Debate on declaring independence
    2. Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
  • Second Continental Congress votes for Independence

    1. All 13 colonies vote YES on declaring Independence
  • The Declaration of Independence is signed

    The Declaration of  Independence is signed