required all trade between England and the colonies to be carried in English or colonial vessels.
Indirect tax (out of sight = out of mind)
Duties on molasses and sugar.
Taxed all paper items.Official stamp/seal on all paper items (proof tax was paid)
Purchased only with valuable silver coins
If didn’t purchase = fined or jailed
Protested Stamp Act, feelings rights were violated
Parliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatever”
Parliament passes this to save face.
Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
Search from smuggled goods
Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts
British Soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors.
Crowd gathers and hassles soldier, throwing snowballs and shouting insults
More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
“Fire if you dare!”
one of the soldiers had fell and his gun went off which made the other soldiers fire because they thought they missed the call to fire.
They started taxing everyone for the tea they drink.Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists
– Lower Prices than colonists merchant prices
– Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
– Less smuggling = more tax money
Colonial Merchants feared BEIC would put them out of business
Boston Tea Party
Members of Son of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
Caused problems for loyalists /Tories
– Loyalists/Tory = a person in the Colony who remains “loyal” to the King & Great Britain
Passed to punish Boston for Tea Party
– Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for
– Massachusetts Charter canceled
– Royal officials had trail in Britain
– Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
“If a soldier comes knocking at the door….
You’re sleeping on the floor”
– Large amount of land given to Quebec
– General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
This act allowed soilders to come to random houses and take your bed and stay there.
Continental Congress meets
All colonies but Georgia have representatives.
voted to send a "statement of grievances"
Voted to Boycott all British Trade
Patrick Henry -- VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain
1,000's of Redcoats in Boston
General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
Midnight ride of Paul Revere
Paul Revere rides to warn Sons of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the "British are coming... The British are coming"
Battles of Lexington & Concord
Battle of Lexington -
1st battle of American Revolutionary War
"shot heard round the world" -Ralph Waldo Emerson
Battle of Concord -
Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Benedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort
Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
Battle of Bunker Hill
the battle of bunker hill was fought on "Breed's Hill"
William Prescott told the people to not fire till they see the fire in their eyes because they didn't have a lot of gun power so there was no time for a "shoot and miss".
The British got they're victory but learned that Americans were not easy to defeat.
Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
Washington arrives and realizes that the men he was working with didn't really know how to respect and follow orders like real soldiers even tho Washington was a bad soldier back in the day he got better and learned things over time. So, he helped the American Soldiers he had.
Common Sense passage piece by Thomas Paine
“Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ‘TIS TIME TO PART” What this was explaining is that the fighting needs to stop like it is our nature to be at peace we all want things to be at piece. We want things how it used to be when everyone was happy and the British was not tripping taking men and things. it was telling everyone it was time for peace and separation. Time for America to come and be Independence.
The British Surrender Boston
Few Months later the British show up to Boston adn the Boston troops and Washington are ready but they don't fire right away in fact they don't end up fighting at all but keep reading you'll understand. So, the British came and like was basically like "if you fire we will battle but even if you win we will tear this place apart" like when rapunzel fake mom was like she was gon tear the place down brick by brick dadada. so anyways They didn't fire at all so the Biritsh just left.
Second Continental Congress meet again
Debate on declaring independence
Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
Votes for Independence
This is when they were getting the votes to see what colonies wanted independence or did they want to stay under the British control. 90% of them signed we were waiting on New York and we finally got they're votes and everything went into place.
The Declaration of Independence is signed
When The Declaration of Independence was signed by those 50 people they were signing to have freedom from British. This was telling them they want they're separation.
This is America Birthday aka "4th of July"