our environment through time

By bmadd
  • The Panama Canal

    The Panama Canal
    the Panama Canal shortcut greatly reduced the time for ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, enabling them to avoid the lengthy, hazardous Cape Horn route around the southernmost tip of South America and During construction, ownership of the territory that is now the Panama Canal was first Colombian, then French, and then American
  • The Great Smog of 52

    The Great Smog of 52
    The Great Smog of '52 or Big Smoke[1] was a severe air-pollution event that affected London during December 1952. A period of cold weather, combined with an anticyclone and windless conditions, collected airborne pollutants mostly from the use of coal to form a thick layer of smog over the city.
  • Castle Bravo

    Castle Bravo
    Castle Bravo was the code name given to the first United States test of a dry fuel hydrogen bomb and Castle Bravo was the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the United States
  • Minamata Disease

    Minamata Disease
    Symptoms include ataxia, numbness in the hands and feet, general muscle weakness, narrowing of the field of vision, and damage to hearing and speech and In extreme cases, insanity, paralysis, coma, and death follow within weeks of the onset of symptoms.
  • silent spring

    silent spring
    The book documented the detrimental effects on the environment and ed to a nationwide ban on DDT for agricultural uses
  • The Shrinking of the Aral Sea

    The Shrinking of the Aral Sea
    the Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking since the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects and The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters".The region's once-prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship.
  • The Palomares Incident

    The Palomares Incident
    a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refuelling at 31,000 feet and The non-nuclear explosives in two of the weapons detonated upon impact with the ground, resulting in the contamination of a 2-square-kilometer
  • Tragedy of the Commons

    Tragedy of the Commons
    "Commons" can include the atmosphere, oceans, rivers, fish stocks, national parks, the office refrigerator, and any other shared resource. The tragedy of the commons has particular relevance in analyzing behavior in the fields of economics, evolutionary psychology, anthropology, game theory, politics, taxation, and sociology. Some also see the "tragedy" as an example of emergent behavior, the outcome of individual interactions in a complex system.
  • 1st Earth Day

    1st Earth Day
    It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network and celebrated in more than 192 countries each year.
  • Environmental Protection Agency

    Environmental Protection Agency
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
  • Door to hell

    Door to hell
    The Door to Hell is noted for its natural gas fire which has been burning continuously since it was lit by Soviet petrochemical engineers in 1971 and Fearing the further release of poisonous gases from the cavern, the engineers decided to burn it off.[2] They thought that it would be safer to burn it than to extract it from underground through expensive methods. At that time, expectations were that the gas would burn out within a few weeks, but has continued to burn more than four decades after
  • Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone

    Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
    The zone is formed by nutrients that wash into the Gulf's waters and Marine life struggles to find enough oxygen to survive within the zone.
  • The Seveso Disaster

    The Seveso Disaster
    in a small chemical manufacturing plant approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Milan in the Lombardy region in Italy. It resulted in the highest known exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in residential populations
  • Amoco Cadiz oil spill

    Amoco Cadiz oil spill
    On 16 March 1978, she ran aground on Portsall Rocks, 5 km (3 mi) from the coast of Brittany, France and the ship was split in three and sank, resulting in the largest oil spill of its kind in history to that date
  • The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion

    The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion
    It was the worst accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history.[1] The incident was rated a five on the seven-point International Nuclear Event Scale and The mechanical failures were compounded by the initial failure of plant operators to recognize the situation as a loss-of-coolant
  • The Bhopal Disaster

    The Bhopal Disaster
    Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals. A government affidavit in 2006 stated the leak caused 558,125 injuries including 38,478 temporary partial injuries and approximately 3,900 severely and permanently disabling injuries.
  • The Chernobyl Nuclear Explosion

    The Chernobyl Nuclear Explosion
    An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, which spread over much of the western USSR and Europe and During the accident itself, 31 people died, and long-term effects such as cancers and deformities are still being accounted for.
  • The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

    The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
    an oil tanker bound for Long Beach, California, struck Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef at 12:04 a.m.[1] local time and spilled 260,000 to 750,000 barrels of crude oil and The Valdez spill was the largest ever in US waters until the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in terms of volume released
  • The Kuwait Oil Fires

    The Kuwait Oil Fires
    The Kuwaiti oil fires were caused by Iraqi military forces setting fire to a reported 605 to 732 oil wells and The fires were started in January and February 1991, and the first well fires were extinguished in early April 1991, with the last well capped on November 6, 1991.
  • Baia Mare Cyanide Spill

    Baia Mare Cyanide Spill
    On the night of January 30, 2000, a dam holding contaminated waters burst and 100,000 cubic metres of cyanide-contaminated water spilled over some farmland and then into the Someș river In addition to cyanide, heavy metals were also washed into the river and will have a long-lasting negative impact on the environment
  • The Al-mishraq Fire

    The Al-mishraq Fire
    A fire that ignited in June 2003 at the Mishraq State Sulfur Mine Plant near Mosul, Iraq burned for almost a month. and Field samples of air in the vicinity of the fire detected sulfur dioxide at levels immediately dangerous to health and life. Hydrogen sulfide also was released.
  • Jilin Chemical Plant Explosions

    Jilin Chemical Plant Explosions
    The Jilin chemical plant explosions were a series of explosions and The blasts created an 80 km long toxic slick in the Songhua River, a tributary of the Amur.
  • An Inconvenient Truth

    An Inconvenient Truth
    Since the film's release, An Inconvenient Truth has been credited for raising international public awareness of climate change and reenergizing the environmental movement. The documentary has also been included in science curricula in schools around the world, which has spurred some controversy.
  • Sidoarjo Mud Flow

    Sidoarjo Mud Flow
    At its pek it spewed up to 180,000 m³ of mud per day. Although the Sidoarjo mud flow has been contained by levees since November 2008, resultant floodings regularly disrupt local highways and villages, and further breakouts of mud are still possible
  • TVA Kingston Fossil Plant Coal Fly Ash Slurry Spill

    TVA Kingston Fossil Plant Coal Fly Ash Slurry Spill
    he TVA Kingston Fossil Plant coal fly ash slurry spill occurred just before 1 a.m. on Monday December 22, 2008, when an ash dike ruptured at an 84-acre solid waste containment area at the Tennessee Valley Authority's Kingston Fossil Plant in Roane County, Tennessee and 1.1 billion US gallons of coal fly ash slurry was released.
  • Deep water horizon BP oil spill

    Deep water horizon BP oil spill
    The US Government estimated the total discharge at 4.9 million barrels and Due to the months-long spill, along with adverse effects from the response and cleanup activities, extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and fishing and tourism industries were reported.
  • The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

    The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
    The plant suffered major damage from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan and The disaster disabled the reactor cooling systems, leading to releases of radioactivity and triggering a 30 km evacuation zone surrounding the plant
  • The Three Gorges Dam

    The Three Gorges Dam
    As well as producing electricity, the dam is intended to increase the YaHowever, the dam flooded archaeological and cultural sites and displaced some 1.3 million people, and is causing significant ecological changes, including an increased risk of landslides.ngtze River's shipping capacity and reduce the potential for floods downstream
  • Eccocide in Vietnam

    Eccocide in Vietnam
    The term ecocide refers to any extensive damage or destruction of the natural landscape and disruption or loss of ecosystems and this happend in vietnam because of agebt orange
  • E-waste in Guiyu, China

    E-waste in Guiyu, China
    In 2005 there were 60,000 e-waste workers in Guiyu who processed the more than 100 truckloads that were transported to the 52 square kilometre area every day and Guiyu is nicknamed the "electronic graveyard"