Medical Advancements

  • John Hunter

    John Hunter
    John Hunter was born 13 February 1728 Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Scotland. Was a Scottish surgeon regarded as one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day. He was an early advocate of careful observation and scientific method in medicine. Died 16 October 1793 (aged 65)
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    Edward Jenner was born in Berkeley, Gloucestershire on 17 May 1749. Jenner was an English doctor, the pioneer of smallpox vaccination and the father of immunology. He died on 26 January 1823.
  • Humphry Davy

    Humphry Davy
    Born December 17, 1778 in Penzance, Cornwall, England. Humphry Davy was an English chemist who is best kinown for his contributions to the discoveries of chlorine and iodine. In 1815 he invented the Davy lamp, which allowed minors to work safely in close contact with flammable gases. He died May 29, 1829.
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Born Feb. 17, 1781, Quimper, Brittany, France—died Aug. 13, 1826, Kerlouanec), French physician who invented the stethoscope and perfected the art of auditory examination of the chest cavity.
  • Works cited

    "Louis Pasteur Biography." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013.
    "Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Biography." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013.
    "Edward Jenner (1749 - 1823)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013.
  • James Simpson

    James Simpson
    7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish and an important figure in the history of medicine. Simpson discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and successfully introduced it for general medical use.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Born on December 27, 1822 in Dole, France, Dr. Louis Pasteur discovered that microbes were responsible for souring alcohol and came up with the process of pasteurization. His work in germ theory also led him and his team to create vaccinations for anthrax and rabies. He died September 28, 1895.
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    Joseph Lister was born on April 5, 1827, in Upton, England. Using phenol as an antiseptic, he reduced mortality in his ward to 15 percent within four years. Lister died on February 10, 1912, in Walmer, England. Today, he is regarded as the founder of antiseptic medicine.
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    Robert Koch was born on December 11, 1843, at Clausthal in the Upper Harz Mountains. Is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. Died 27 May 1910 .
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    Born March 27, 1845 in Remscheid, Germany . In 1895, while experimenting with electric current flow in a cathode-ray tube, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen observed that a nearby piece of barium platinocyanide gave off light when the tube was in operation. He took the first X-ray photographs: interiors of metal objects and of the bones in his wife's hand. Died February 10, 1923.