MARIA MONTESSORI: The woman and the method

Timeline created by jmwheele
  • Birth

    Maria was born at Chiaraballe, Ancona Italy
  • University of Rome

    University of Rome
    Received permission from her father to enter the University of Rome to study mathematics, physics, and natural sciences.
  • Period: to


  • Medical School

    Accepted into medical in the College of Medicine, University of Rome
  • Graduation

    First woman to graduate from medical school in Italy; she graduated as a specialist in surgery and diseases of women and children
  • Berlin Conference

    Presented at the International Congress for Women’s Rights in Berlin, Germany on the progress of education for women in Italy; one on her many lectures on women and children results in the proposal for equal pay for equal work for women is adopted.
  • Period: to

    Studies Pedagogy

    She began to study and explore other ideas about education.
  • Son born

    Mario was born; Maria, unwed, kept the child a secret. While there is some speculation about his exact birthdaye Mario claimed March 31. At 15 Mario began living with his mother.
  • Teacher Training

    Began teaching at a college for female teachers, ecplored and discussed ideas about education.
  • Orthophrenic School

    Became co-director of a school for children with disabilities where she was able to work with children, observe them and develop her method.
  • Sandpaper Letters

    Sandpaper Letters
    In the fall of 1907, Montessori introduced sets of sandpaper and paper letters to aid children in learning to write; the letters are still used today.
  • Casa dei Bambini

    Casa dei Bambini
    Bankers involved with the San Lorenzo slum renewal project approached Maria Montessori to care for poor young children who were left home unsupervised while their parents worked. Dr. Montessori took the challenge and opened Casa dei Bambini.
  • The Montessori Method

     The Montessori Method
    Published "The Method of Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Infant Education and the Children's Houses (Renamed: The Montessori Method in 1912). Provides valuable insights into childs self-regualtion and liverty.
  • "Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook"

     "Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook"
    Published "Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook" A guide to the use of Montessori classroom materials, how to set up an environment where children have the feedom to create their own learning.
  • Pan-Pacific Expo

    Pan-Pacific Expo
    Lecturing in the United States and meeting Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edicson, Montessori continued her work by returning in 1915 and creating a model classroom behind glass for people attending the Pan-Pacific International Exposition in SanFrancisco CA to view and learn about the Montessori method.
  • "The Montessori Elementary Material"

    "The Montessori Elementary Material"
    Published "The Montessori Elementary Material" Renamed, "The Advanced Montessori Material II". Describes materials and techniques for older children. Addresses the children's curiosity and fundamentals of elementary school learning.
  • King George V

    King George V
    Met King George V in England and gave her first teacher training course there.
  • Amsterdam

    Moved to Amsterdam. Netherlands when Spanish Civil War broke out
  • India

    Teaching in India, Dr. Montessori was interned by the British because of her Italian citizenship; she remained in India until after the war.
  • "The Absorbant Mind"

    "The Absorbant Mind"
    Published "The Absorbant Mind" which has been described as the cornerstone of the Montessori method.
  • Nobel Peace Prize

    Nobel Peace Prize
    Dr. Montessori was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949, 1950, and 1951;
  • Death

    Dr. Maria Montessori died in Noordwijk aan Zee, Netherlands
    leaving her son Mario to continue her work.