History of Aerobic Exercise

By JMF28
  • Kenneth H. Cooper

    Kenneth H. Cooper
    An American physician named Kenneth H. Cooper developed aerobic exercise in 1968. It was also called "endurance activities." It is physical exercise that is cardiovascular. It helps improve and maintain health. He wrote the book Aerobics in 1968 which he put his research in. He is known as the “father of aerobics.” He also wrote another book called The Aerobics Way in 1977. (Wikipedia/aerobic exercise/edited April 26,2021)
  • Period: to

    History of Aerobic Exercise

  • Creation of Aerobic Dancing-Jacki Sorensen

    Creation of Aerobic Dancing-Jacki Sorensen
    Jacki Sorensen created aerobic dancing. She was inspired by Dr. Cooper’s book called Aerobics (1968). Jacki Sorensen was a fitness expert and dancer. She added music to her workout routines. She had a television show called “Aerobic Dancing” on a station in San Juan. She is called the “mother of aerobic dancing.” (Wikipedia.org web site/ Jacki Sorensen)
  • Jazzercise

    Judi Sheppard Missett created Jazzercise. It is a combination of cardio exercise with jazz dance. She began teaching her own classes in 1969. Her classes were based more on fitness than dance style.
  • IDEA

    In 1972, aerobic dancing had a professional Association for Instructors. It was called the International Dance Exercise Association or IDEA.
  • Progression of Aerobic Exercise

    Progression of Aerobic Exercise
    In 1980, aerobic dancing became and increasing trend. Many aerobic classes moved out of the dance studio and into gyms and health clubs. The market for aerobic dancing increased amazingly.

  • Jane Fonda

    Jane Fonda
    Jane Fonda released her first aerobic dancing video. It was called “Jane Fonda’s Workout Exercise Video.” It sold more than 17 million copies which was more than any other workout video. She released tons of more videos throughout the 80s and 90s. It allowed the opportunity for many people to workout at home rather than go to the gym.
  • Sport Aerobics

    Sport Aerobics
    In 1983, sport aerobics was created by Howard and Karen Schwartz. It is also called “aerobic gymnastics”. It is originated from gymnastics. It is a very highly competitive sport. It requires that you perform high impact and difficult rhythmic moves and acrobatic gymnastics to dance music. It can be performed by yourself or with a group.
  • National Aerobics Championship

    National Aerobics Championship
    The first championship game for Sport Aerobics was started in 1984. It was called the “National Aerobics Championships.” (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerobic_gymnastics)
  • The American Council of Exercise

    The American Council of Exercise
    The American Council of Exercise was founded in 1985. It is a nonprofit organization that certifies instructors, provides education, and training. It also promotes policies for safe exercising.
  • Richard Simmons

    Richard Simmons
    One of Richard Simmons widely popular workout videos is “Sweatin’ to the Oldies”. His video series sold over 25 million copies. He is known for his “energetic” personality and promoting weight-loss programs. (acefitness.org)
  • Step Aerobics

    Step Aerobics
    Gin Miller developed step aerobics. It is meant for low impact exercise. She was a competitive gymnast during college. She actually developed this workout due to her injuries from too many high impact exercises. She combined music with this cardio workout. It is very popular and helps people workout that need lower impact of exercise. (www.aerobic.org/aerobic-history/)
  • Spinning

    The “Spinning Program” which was indoor cycling was created in 1989. Johnny G., also called Johnathan Goldberg, thought of the idea in 1987. He opened his first spinning studio in 1989. It is basically cycling in place in a stationary bike to music. It is very high impact exercise.
  • Tae Bo

    Tae Bo
    Billy Blanks is an energetic actor and personal trainer. He mixes taekwondo, boxing, and aerobics to create Tae Bo. He earned $75 million by 1999.
  • Zumba

    Zumba is an aerobic dance founded by Alberto “Beto” Perez in Columbia. He is an aerobics instructor. One day, he forgot to bring his aerobic music to teach class and only could find salsa music. He started a new type of aerobic dance. It is very popular and is a combination of salsa, hip-hop, martial arts, and calisthenics. (https://www.acefitness.org/certifiednewsarticle/2224)
  • Crossfit

    CrossFit was founded by Greg Glassman and Lauren Jenai in the year 2000. It is an exercise program that is high impact. It has a mixture of strength, conditioning, bodyweight, and aerobic exercise. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CrossFit)
  • Insanity

    The Insanity workout is a very popular aerobic exercise and was released in 2009. Shaun T was the founder of this workout as well as T25. The workout has aerobic exercises such as jumping, squatting, kicking, and more. It became very popular for many reasons. It was definitely a plus that you didn’t need equipment. (https://www.shauntacademy.com/pages/about-us)