Geothermal Energy

  • first developed thermal waters

    first developed thermal waters
    Francesco Larderel developed an evaporation process that used the heat from geothermal waters to evaporate the thermal waters found in the area, leaving boric acid.
  • First dry steam power plant

    First dry steam power plant
    The first dry steam geothermal power plant was built in Laderello in Tuscany, Italy.
  • First commercial developement

    First commercial developement
    The first commercial-scale development tools were placed in California, a 10-megawatt unit owned by Pacific Gas & Electric.
  • First commercial development

    The first commercial-scale development tools were placed in California, a 10-megawatt unit owned by Pacific Gas & Electric.
  • Re-injection

    Re-injection of spent geothermal water back into the production reservoir was introduced as a way to get rid of waste water and to expand reservoir life.
  • Deep well drilling

    improved technology led to acess to more resources
  • First hot rock reservior developed

    Scientists began to develop the first hot dry rock (HDR) reservoir at Fenton Hill, New Mexico. the facility was tested in 1978 and started generating electricity two years later
  • First commercial binary plant

    The first commercial-scale binary plant in the United States began operation in Southern California’s Imperial Valley.
  • New Records

    Geothermal (hydrothermal) electric generating capacity, reached a new high of 1,000 megawatts.
  • An all time low

    funding for geothermal energy research and development declined throughout the 1980s and reached a low of $15 million.
  • California is the biggest

    California Energy became the world’s largest geothermal company through its acquisition of Magma Power.
  • world wide geothermal capacity

    Worldwide geothermal capacity reached 6,000 megawatts.
    A DOE low-temperature resource assessment of 10 Western States identified nearly 9,000 thermal wells and springs and 271 communities with a geothermal resource greater than 50ºC.
  • Californias energy

    California's geothermal power plants provided 54.9% of the State’s electricity.
  • Westward expansion

    DOE and industry worked together on the Geothermal Resource Exploration. It was a cooperative effort to find, and evaluate, additional geothermal resources throughout the western United States.
  • a significant increase

    By 2004, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Iceland, Kenya, and the Philippines had significant geothermal energy outputs that accounted for at least 15 percent of each countries’ energy production
  • Prices fall

    Geothermal energy costs dropped from $.10 - .16 per kilowatt hour to $.5 - .8 per kilowatt hour.
  • U.S. in the lead

    As of early 2005, the United States was the world’s top generator, at 2,564 megawatts, followed by the Philippines (1,930 megawatts), Mexico (953 megawatts), Indonesia (797 megawatts), Italy (791 megawatts), Japan (535 megawatts), New Zealand (435 megawatts), and Iceland (202 megawatts), and fifteen more nations (producing fewer than 200 megawatts each).
  • 1.5 billion dollar buisness and alaska added

    The U.S. geothermal industry became a $1.5 billion a year business that involved electricity generation and thermal energy in direct use such as indoor heating, greenhouses, food drying, aquaculture.
    Alaska installed a 200 kilowatt power plant that used low-temperature (74ºC) geothermal water along with cooling water (4ºC).
  • U.S. funding for geothermal energy increased significantly

    The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978 was promoting greater use of renewable energy, cogeneration and small power projects.