European Theater by: Austin Grandstaff

  • Battle of Atlantic

    Battle of Atlantic
    Britain needed a lot of food and military supplies to be shipped to it so it could survive. American merchant ships were attacked by German U-boats and later Italian submarines joined as well. By 1941, 875 Allies boats were sunk. German U-boats hunted in what were called wolf-packs.
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    The Germans used the Enigma device which was an encrypting device. Britain was able to survived these attacks by using boats called corvettes. They were lightly armoured which made them move faster, but they were heavily armed with depth charges. This Battle was the longest military campaign in World War 2.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    This battle took place between Britain Royal Airforce and the German Luftwaffe. Germany had already invaded most of Europe. Great Britain was next. Germany began bombing Great Britain. They bombed runways and British radar. On September 15, 1940 launched a huge bombing attack on London.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    Even though Germany had more planes and pilots, Britain won. This is because they had the advantage of fighting on their own territory.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    This battle was one of the largest and deadliest battles of World War 2. The battle was between the German Luftwaffe and the Soviet troops, Germany began bombing the Volga River, and then they aimed for the city of Stalingrad. After that, German troops took over a large portion of Stalingrad.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Soviets kept fighting on. They hid everywhere and would attack Germans. Soon it took its toll on the Germans. Lack of food and freezing temperatures made the German Army surrrender.
  • Battle of Alamein, Eygpt

    Battle of Alamein, Eygpt
    This battle was between the British Empire and the German-Italian Army. The Allies needed to support themselves. British commander Bernard Law Montgomery launched an infantry attack at El Alamein. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel returned to battle from illness and tried to halt the fight. Hitler stopped the intial retreat. Rommel ended up withdrawaling his men anyways.
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    This is the Allies invasion of French North Africa. This was the first time that British and American troops worked on an invasion plan together. The Soviet Union had pressured the United Kingdom and America to go into Europe. The invasion involved more than 100,000 men and over 600 ships, placing it among the largest such invasions in history. Operation Torch was highly successful and enabled the Allies to take more than 1,000 miles of North African coastline.
  • Invasion of Sicily/Italy

    Invasion of Sicily/Italy
    On July 10, 1943, U.S. and British forces began Operation Husky, an invasion of the island using troops deployed by gliders, parachutes, and boats. On July 22, the Sicilian capital of Palermo fell to the Allies, and Sicily was secured.The day after the fall of Sicily, Italy’s Fascist ruler, Benito Mussolini, was overthrown by a peaceful coup, and Italian officials promptly began approaching the Allies about an armistice. italy officially surrender on September 8, 1943
  • Operation Overlord

    Operation Overlord
    In charge of this operation was U.S General Dwight D. Eisenhower. The plan was to invade France. Germany had suspicion of such an invasion since 1942. The Allies made use of German spies in Britain who had been turned and were serving as double agents. The agents convinced German leadership that the attack would be at Calais. Instead, it was targeted much farther south at Normandy.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    After the Allies had freed France everyone thought tht World War 2 was coming to the end. Instead, Hitler launched an attack on the Ardennes Forest. Germany used over 200,000 troops and 1,000 tanks to break the U.S. lines. The U.S. was not ready for this. Germany used English speaking spies that went into the Allies lines and told lies and confused them. One of the major reasons Germany lost this is because they did not have enough fuel for tanks. America destroyed most of them.
  • Hitler Commits Suicide

    Hitler Commits Suicide
    The war was ending and the Soviets were coming close to his bunker, Hitler decided to take his life. He shot himself in the head with a pistol. He is suspected to have taken cyanide as well. His wife, Eva Braun, also killed herself with cyanide. SS men carried their bodies out and burned them. HItler was a coward.
  • VE Day!!

    VE Day!!
    This day commerates the end of fighting in Europe. The Third Reich was defeated. Millions were dead. Adolf Hitler committed sucide. This was probably one of the most happiest days in Europe's history.