Environmental Timeline

  • The Panama Canal

    The Panama Canal
    Panama Canal is 48 miles long.
  • The Great Smog of 52

    The Great Smog of 52
    Government medical reports in the following weeks estimated that up until 8 December 4,000 people had died prematurely and 100,000 more were made ill because of the smog's effects on the human respiratory tract.It is known to be the worst air-pollution event in the history of the United Kingdom
  • Castle Bravo

    Castle Bravo
    Castle Bravo was the code name given to the first United States test of a dry fuel hydrogen bomb.Castle Bravo was the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the United States with a about 15 megatons of TNT
  • Minamata Disease

    Minamata Disease
    is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning.Minamata disease was first discovered in Minamata city in Kumamoto prefecture, Japan, in 1956.
  • Eccocide in Vietnam

    Eccocide in Vietnam
    The term ecocide, which refers to any large-scale destruction of the natural environment, was coined after the herbicide disaster in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War. The side effects of the toxic spray were devastating: Cancer, birth defects and other disabilities.
  • Silent Spring

    Silent Spring
    Published: September 27, 1962
    Nominated for National Book Award for Nonfiction
    The otfen occuring theme of Silent Spring is the powerful and often negative effect humans have on the natural world
  • The Palomares Incident

    The Palomares Incident
    occurred on 17 January 1966.
    a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refuelling.
  • Tragedy of the commons

    Tragedy of the commons
    The tragedy of the commons is an economics theory, according to which individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest, behave contrary to the whole group's long-term best interests by depleting some common resource.
  • Environmental Protection Agency

    Environmental Protection Agency
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
  • Door To Hell

    Door To Hell
    The Door to Hell is a natural gas field in Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan.The Door to Hell is noted for its natural gas fire which has been burning continuously since it was lit by Soviet petrochemical engineers in 1971.
  • Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone

    Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
    The Gulf of Mexico "dead zone" is caused by an algae blooms that suck up oxygen. Scientists first discovered a dead zone in the Gulf in 1972
  • The Seveso Disaster

    The Seveso Disaster
    Chemical manufracturing plant expoldes. Chemical exposure lead to some injures.
  • Amoco Cadiz

    Amoco Cadiz
    On 16 March 1978, she ran aground on Portsall Rocks,from the coast of Brittany, France; and ultimately split in three and sank, resulting in the largest oil spill of its kind in history to that date.
  • Love Canal

    Love Canal
    Love Canal is a neighborhood in Niagara Falls, N.Y., that gained environmental notoriety when it was discovered that 21,000 tons of toxic waste had been buried beneath it.The area became a dumping ground in the 1920s after William T. Love abandoned his attempt to dig a canal.
  • The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion

    The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion
    Occured on 28 March 1979
    There were no injuries or adverse health effects from the Three Mile Island accident.A combination of stuck valves, misread gauges and poor decisions led to a partial meltdown of the reactor core and the release of radioactive gases into the atmosphere.
  • The Bhopal Disaster

    The Bhopal Disaster
    On the night of December 2, 1984 a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India leaked methyl isocynate gas and other chemicals creating a dense toxic cloud over the region and killing more than 8,000 people in just the first few days.
  • The Chernobyl Nuclear Explosion

    The Chernobyl Nuclear Explosion
    The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel.Two Chernobyl plant workers died on the night of the accident, and a further 28 people died within a few weeks as a result of acute radiation poisoning.
  • The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

    The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
    March 24, 1989
    At 12:04 am, the ship struck a reef tearing open the hull and releasing 11 million gallons of oil into the environment. more than 1,000 miles of coastline were fouled, and hundreds of thousands of animals perished. Exxon ended up paying billions in cleanup costs and fines.
  • Libby, Montana Asbestos Contamination

    Libby, Montana Asbestos Contamination
    The W.R. Grace plant in Libby, Mont., spewed asbestos over the small town for decades, sickening more than 1,000 people and killing more than 200.Smoke from the factory coated the town in tremolite asbestos, a particularly toxic form linked to numerous diseases including mesothelioma.
  • Kuwait Oil Fires

    Kuwait Oil Fires
    As the 1991 Persian Gulf War drew to a close, Hussein sent men to blow up Kuwaiti oil wells. Approximately 600 were set ablaze.
  • The Three Gorges Dam

    The Three Gorges Dam
    China’s Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest hydroelectric dam based on generating capacity.It is 1.3 miles wide, over 600 feet in height, and has a reservoir that stretches 405 square miles.
  • Great Pacific Garbage Patch

    Great Pacific Garbage Patch
    The Great Pacific Garbage Patch also known as the Pacific trash vortex spans waters from the West Coast of North America to Japan. It is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine debris is litter that ends up in oceans, seas, and other large bodies of water.
  • Baia Mare Cyanide Spill

    Baia Mare Cyanide Spill
    On the night of January 30, 2000, a dam holding contaminated waters burst at a mining works in Bozinta Mare, Romania.The spill has been called the worst environmental disaster in Europe since Chernobyl.
  • The Al-mishraq Fire

    The Al-mishraq Fire
    It was the site of the largest human-made release of sulfur dioxide ever recorded. burned for almost a month.
  • Jilin Chemical Plant Explosions

    Jilin Chemical Plant Explosions
    Occurred on November 13, 2005
    The chemical plant’s explosions occurred for over an hour and affected hundreds of thousands of people throughout the Jilin province. Killed 6 and made the whole province of Jilin evacuate
  • An Inconvenient Truth

    An Inconvenient Truth
    An Inconvenient Truth is a 2006 Academy Award winning documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore's campaign to educate citizens about global warming via a comprehensive slide show that, by his own estimate made in the film, he has given more than a thousand times
  • Sidoarjo Mud Flow

    Sidoarjo Mud Flow
    The monetary value of the damage wrought by the continuous high-pressure mudflow has been estimated at 27.7 trillion. The mudflow has also buried more than 600 hectares of land, displacing 39,700 people and submerging three subdistricts, 12 villages, 11,241 buildings and 362 hectares of rice fields.
  • TVA Kingston Fossil

    TVA Kingston Fossil
    Occured on December 22, 2008
    It was the largest fly ash release in United States.
    (TVA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) initially estimated that the spill released 1.7 million cubic yards of sludge. After an aerial survey, the official estimate was more than tripled to 5.4 million cubic yards.
  • Deep water horizon BP oil spill

    Deep water horizon BP oil spill
    It claimed eleven lives and is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. The US Government estimated the total discharge at 4.9 million barrels of oil.
  • Fukushima Daiichi

    Fukushima Daiichi
    A nuclear disaster at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant on 11 March 2011
    The failure occurred when the plant was hit by a tsunami triggered by the magnitude 9.0 Tōhoku earthquake.
  • E-waste in Guiyu, China

    E-waste in Guiyu, China
    It is the location of what may be the largest electronic waste (e-waste) site in the world.Guiyu is nicknamed the "electronic graveyard".Many of the primitive recycling operations in Guiyu are toxic and dangerous to workers' health with 80 % of children suffering from lead poisoning