My Scientific Milestones

  • Issac Newton

    Issac Newton
    Isaac Newton published his paper on the refraction of light through a prism. This was the foundation of modern optics.
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    Alexander von Humboldt

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    Revolução Francesa

  • Erasmus Darwin

    Erasmus Darwin
    *The colours of many animals seem adapted to their purposes of concealing themselves, either to avoid danger, or to spring upon their prey.* - Zoonomia.
  • Thomas R. Malthus

    Thomas R. Malthus
    Published "Essay on the Principle of Population"
  • Thomas Young

    Thomas Young
    His formulated the Trichromatic Theory, a theory on which modern color science vision is based. He posited that color information is coded by a limited number of cone types, perhaps three, and that the relative activities of these different cone types encode color.
  • Published "Essay on the Geography of Plants", Alexander von Humboldt

    Published "Essay on the Geography of Plants", Alexander von Humboldt
    A publicação pavimenta o caminho para o desenvolvimento da geografia de plantas, o que tornará mais tarde a ciência da biogeografia.
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    Charles Darwin

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    Eugenius Warming

    He was a Danish botanist and a main founding figure of the scientific discipline of ecology. Warming wrote the first textbook (1895) on plant ecology, taught the first university course in ecology and gave the concept its meaning and content.
  • Manifesto do Partido Comunista

  • 1° Poço de Petróleo comercial, no Cânada

  • Published "On the Origin of Species", Charles Darwin

    Published "On the Origin of Species", Charles Darwin
    That intriduces the idea that species evolve through natural selection
  • The term "Ecology" is coined, Ernst Haeckel

    The term "Ecology" is coined, Ernst Haeckel
    Naturalista alemão, Ernst Haeckel cunha o termo "ecologia" para descrever o estudo dos organismos em relação ao seus ambientes.
  • August Grisebach

    August Grisebach
    Botânico alemão classifica o padrão de vegetação do planeta de acordo com o clima.
  • Herbert Spencer

    Herbert Spencer
    Filosofo britânico, sugeriu que a população humana poderia ser imaginada como um único e gigantesco organismo.
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    Frederic Clements

    Foi um botânico estadunidense. Clements é mais conhecido por sua teoria da sucessão de plantas.
  • Sir John Lubbock

    Sir John Lubbock
    Publish the book "On the senses, instincts and intelligence of animals: with special reference to insects" demostrating that Dalphia sp. see colour.
  • Published "Oecology of plants", Eugenius Warming

    Published "Oecology of plants", Eugenius Warming
    É o primeiro livro texto sobre ecologia de plantas.
  • Coined the term "Plankton" by Victor Hensen

    German biologist
  • Published "Plant succession; an analysis of the development of vegetation", Frederic Clements

    Published "Plant succession; an analysis of the development of vegetation", Frederic Clements
    Clements traz que uma comunidade vegetal passaria por uma série previsível de estágios de desenvolvimento e que poderiam comparáveis ao desenvolvimento de um organismo. A comunidade nasce, cresce, amadurece e morre. Cunhando o termo "comunidade climax" para estágio final.
  • Joseph Grinnell

    Joseph Grinnell
    Foi o primeiro a propor o uso do termo "nicho" para designar o lugar em uma associação ocupado por uma única espécie.
  • Alfred Lotka & Vito Volterra

    The Lotka-Volterra model use mathematical equations to describe the interactions between predator and prey
  • Charles Elton

    Charles Elton
    Desenvolve o conceito funcional de "nicho".
  • Gause

    Desenvolve a ideia do que hoje chamamos de Princípio da Exclusão Competitiva.
  • Arthur Tansley

    Arthur Tansley
    Arthur Tansley develops the concept of the ecosystem.
  • Ernst Mayr

    Ernst Mayr
    Develops the biological species concept
  • George Evelyn Hutchinson

    George Evelyn Hutchinson
    Define "nicho" como um hiperespaço (hipervolume) n dimencional de condições ambientais físicas e biológicas que permitem a existência de uma determinada espécies, o "nicho fundamental". Uma vez que a competição e a interação com outras espécies podem reduzir o nicho fundamental, o espaço hiperdimensional reduzido é chamado de "nicho realizado".
  • 1:1 relationship between transduced photon and photoreceptors

    Fuortes & Yeandle 1964
  • Robert MacArthur

    Robert MacArthur
    MacArthur and E. Wilson publish The Theory of Island Biogeography
  • Models based on interspecific competition

    A ecologia passa a ser influenciada fortemente pela ideia de que as comunidades são estruturadas pela competição interespecífica.
    Cody, M. L., and J. M. Diamond. 1975. Ecology and evolution of communities. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Term 'Meta-Analysis" coined

    Glass, G. V. Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research. Educ. Res. 5, 3–8 (1976).
  • Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach

    Influential book of John Krebs and Nick Davies
  • Robert Paine

    Robert Paine coins the term “trophic cascade” after his field experiments show the effect on an ecosystem when a keystone species is removed
  • Primeira medida de sensibilidade do cone humano.

    Bowmaker, J. K. & Dartnall, H. J. (1980). Visual pigments of
    rods and cones in a human retina. Journal of Physiology 298,
    501–511.
  • Published " The Ecology of Vision"

    By J.N. Lythgoe Amazon.
    The book introduced a new way of thinking about animal vision, relating the huge evolutionary diversity of visual systems to the environments inhabited by particular animals
  • "Patch dynamics"

    Pickett, S.T.A., and P. S. White. 1985. The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. Academic Press, San Diego
  • Edward O. Wilson

    Edward O. Wilson
    Coins the term biodiversity.
  • IPCC

  • The use of field experiments in community ecology

    Hairston, N. G. 1989. Ecological experiments: Purpose, design and execution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Fim da URSS

  • The first meta-analysis in ecology

    Järvinen, A. 1991, A meta-analysis study of the effects of female age on laying-date and clutch-size in the great tit Parus major and the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca. Ibis 133: 62-67.
  • Coins the term "Sensory Ecology"

    David B. Dusembery published the book "Sensory Ecology: How Organisms Acquire and Respond to Information" Amazon link
  • Term "Systematic Review" introduced

    Glass, G. V. Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research. Educ. Res. 5, 3–8 (1976).
  • The use of Null Models is introduced

    Gotelli, N. J., and G. R. Graves. 1996. Null models in ecology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
  • Perspective of "Spatial ecology" was introduced

    Tilman, D. and P. M. Kareiva. 1997. Spatial ecology: The role of space in population dynamics and interspecific interactions. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ
  • Hubbel

    Unified Neutral Theory of Biogeography
  • The concept "Metacommunity" is introduced

    Leibold, M. A., M. Holyoak, N. Mouquet, P. Amarasekare, J. Chase, M. Hoopes, R. Holt, et al. 2004. The metacommunity concept: A framework for multi‐scale community ecology. Ecology Letters 7:601–613
  • The GLMM entered in ecological data analysis toolbox