During the Second World War

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    eastern front part 1

    (months unknown) more intense than the western front battles, and began slowly. the major event was an epic battle between the Nazis and Soviet Union.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Britain and France believed that Poland would be Germany's next target (as that was more land taken away from Germany), and promised to go to war if Germany decided to invade Poland. Germany invaded Poland on Sept. 1 and Germany, France, and Britain went to war.
  • Phony War

    The Phony War was a period of war when no action or advances were made. People began to believe there wasn't really going to be a war after all. There was no action from 1939 to 1940.
  • War in Europe 1939

    Invasion of Poland; Nazis invaded Poland and the Second World war began. the Nazis used blitzkrieg tactics.
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    During the Second World War

  • Canada Declares War on Germany.

    A special session of Parliament on Sept 8th was called by PM King to discuss Canada's response to war and the issue of conscription. King said consciption would not be enacted as long as he was in power. Canada went to war anyways.
  • Appeasment in Czechoslovakia

    After making many demands regarding the Sudetland, Hitler finally threatened the invasion on October 1st. The British and French panicked. If Hitler invaded , surely the Czechs would resist and this would lead to war.
  • Germany Invades

    Germany invaded several countries: Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Belgium. This action got around the Maginot Line and into France. This last until June 17th of 1940.
  • Evacuation at Dunkirk

    German advances through France cornered the Allies at the French port of Dunkirk. As many ships as possible were rounded up by the British to help evacuate Dunkirk. On June 4th 340,000 allied soliders were brought safely to Britain.
  • France Surrenders

    After the evacuation at Dunkirk, German forces continued to sweep through France. The French army didn't stand a chance against the powerful Germans and eventually France surrended- leaving Britain and it's Commonwealth alone.
  • Battle of Britain

    (summertime) hitler used air attacks on britain to prepeare for an amphibious invasion. he needed control of the air to destroy the Royal Navy that patrolled the English channel and protected britain. british ournumbered 3:1.
  • Operation Sea Lion

    "Operation Sea Lion" was Germany's planned invasion of Britain. They began by destroying harbours and shipping facilities. In august they moved to air fields and aircraft factories. In September they switched to civilians. The raids on London and other cities became known as the "Blitz". In May of 1941 Hitler gave up his plans to invade Britain.
  • The Holocaust

    Hitler and the NAZI's ordered up the "Final Solution"- a plan to rid NAZI Germany of all Jewish people. In 1939 they were rounded up and sent to the ghettos. In 1941 death camps were set up and Jews were sent to the camps where they were tortured, killed in gas chambers and starved to death. In total approximately 10 million people were killed, 6 million of them were Jewish.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    "Operation Barbarossa" was put into action shortly after Hitler's defeat at the Battle of Britain. "Operation Barbarossa" was the planned invasion of the USSR, regardless of the agreement to not invade each other. In the autumn Germans managed to reach the outskirts of Moscow- but a cold and harsh winter stopped them. Another attack was launched in 1942 but was also unsuccessful thanks to a severe winter.
  • Japan Bombs Pearl Harbour

    Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour on December 7th 1941, destroying several US naval boats. Though it was after Germany declared war on Britain and France, this event caused the US and Japan to announce war on each other. This also caused Germany and Italy to announce war on the US too.
  • Canadians at Dieppe

    (in august....it started)* early months war wasn't going well with allies. in the soviet union, in egypt, and in north africa, seemed likely to be a long uphill battle. stalin called for second front.
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    Eastern Front

    (winter to about spring time) took a toll on german forces. they suffered huge losses, teh soviets launched and attack as if to prove they would win through winter. conflict continues on, hitler didn't attack stalingrad because if had resources.
  • Taking Italy

    (spanned more than december)* the allied attck on sicily was designed to take pressure off of the soviet allies and divert germans from north westeern europe where the attack on normandy was being planned. allied trops began to move into penensula of italy. canadian forces pushed forward through until the german army stopped them at ortona . germans were finally driven back by french-canadian unit.
  • Liberation of Holland

    canadian forces drove the NAZIS to retreat from holland and surrender. this was an important victory for the canadians because it allowed allied troops to continue forward towards germany.
  • Germany Surrenders

    After the Soviets Attacked from the East and the Allies from the West, Germany was facing defeat. They surrended May 7th. Hitler and his wife Eva Braun commited suicide in a bunker in Berlin before the surrender.
  • The Atomic Bomb

    A US bomber (the "Enola Gay") dropped an atomic bomb ("Little Boy"), over the city of Hiroshima. Over 70 000 residents of Hiroshima were killed. Another 130 000 were wounded. Three days later a second bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki killing 40 000. The Japanese surrendered to the US and WWII was over.