Ch.5 Lesson 3+4

  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Indirect tax (out of sight = out of mind ) Duties on molasses and sugar .
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Purchased only with valuable silver coins if not purchased = fined or jailed . Protested Stamp Act , feeling rights were violated . Official stamp act/seal on all paper items (proof tax was paid) Legal documents , Licenses , News paper , Pamphlets , Playing cards .
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    Parliament declares it has power to make laws for the Colonies " in all cases what so ever " . Parliament passes this to save face .
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Taxes on glass, lead , paints , paper , and tea searched for smuggled goods . Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts .
  • Boston Massacure

    Boston Massacure
    Fights between troops and Bostonian were common .
    March 5, 1770 soldier strikes colonists . Crowds gathers snow balls and insults more troops arrive '' fire if you dare ''
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists , Lower prices than colonist merchant prices , Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled Tea , Less smuggling = more tax money . Colonial Merchants feared BEIC would put them out of business
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Sol dumped 340 chests of tea caused problem for loyalist
  • Intolerable Act

    Intolerable Act
    Passed to punish Boston for Tea party Boston Harbor Closed until Tea paid for Massachusetts Charter cancelled . Royal officials had trial in Britain.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Quartering Act required colonists to house Soldiers. if a soldier comes knocking on the door your sleeping on the floor .
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    All colonist but Georgia have representatives
    voted to send a '' statement of grievances ''
    voted to boycott all British trade
    Patrick Henry-VA. rep. urged colonists to unite against
  • 1,000 Red Coats

    1,000 Red Coats
    General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way
  • Midnight Ride of paul Revere

    Midnight Ride of paul Revere
    Paul Revere rides to warn the sons of liberty in Lexington and concord that '' The British are coming the British are coming ''
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    • Battle of Lexington- -1st battle of America Revolutionary War -" shot heard around the world '' - Ralph Waldo Emerson
    • BRITISH Victory Battle of Concord
    • Americans stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
    • AMERICAN Victory
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    Fort Ticonderoga
    Benedict Arnold & Ethan capture the fort
    - Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
    - AMERICAN Victory
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    • Print $$$$
    • Set up post office
    • Created Continental Army led by George Washington
    • Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
    • King hires 30,000 Hessian's Soldiers in response
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    -Fought on Breed's Hill
    -" Don't fire until you see the whites of their
    eyes'' - William Prescott
    -BRITISH Victory ( Americans ran out of
    ammunition ) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    -Pamphlets inspire more colonist to become
    - '' Everything that is right or reasonable pleads
    for separation. The blood of slain , the
    weeping voice of nature cries, ' TIS TIME
    TO PART'' - Thomas Paine , Common Sense
  • British Surrender Boston

    British Surrender Boston
    • Washington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive
    • Washington puts cannons on Dorchester
      Heights overlooking Boston
    • BRITISH retreat - AMERICAN Victory
  • 2nd Continental Congress

    2nd Continental Congress
    • Debate on declaring independence
    • Thomas Jefferson is the Primary author of the document
  • Votes for Independence

    Votes for Independence
  • Declaration of Independence signed.

    Declaration of Independence signed.
  • Washington arrives at Boston with Continental Troops

    Washington arrives at Boston with Continental Troops
    • Realizes men are disorganized & need discipline
    • Need weapons