AP World History Unit 6 Timeline

  • Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

    Assassination ofArchduke Ferdinand, 1914He, the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo, by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six Bosnian Serb assassins coordinated by Danilo Ilić. The political objective of the assassination was to break off Austria-Hungary's south-Slav provinces so they could be combined into a Greater Serbia or a Yugoslavia. The assassins' motives were consistent with the movement that later beca
  • Partition of India

    The Partition of IndiaIt was the partition of British India on the basis of religious demographics. This led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan) and the Union of India (later Republic of India) which took place in 1947, on August 14th and 15th, respectively.
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    The Bolshevik Revolution1917A.k.a. October Revolution, it was a political revolution, mass insurrection and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd traditionally dated to 25 October 1917 Old Style Julian Calendar (O.S.), which corresponds with 7 November 1917 New Style (N.S.).Gregorian Calendar. It followed and capitalized on the February Revolution of the same year.
  • Civil war in Russia

    The Russian Civil WarIt was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party. Soviet forces first assumed power in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and subsequently gained control throughout Russia. In Soviet historiography the period of the Civil War has traditionally been defined as 1918–21, but the war's skirmishes actually stretched from 1917–23.
  • Paris Peace Conference

    The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of VersaillesIt was the meeting of the Allied victors following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918. It took place in Paris in 1919 and involved diplomats from more than 32 countries and nationalities. They met, discussed various options and developed a series of treaties for the post-war world. These treaties reshaped the map of Europe with new borders and countries, and imposed
  • First meeting of the League of Nations

    League of Nations ChronologyIt was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first permanent international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration.
  • First Soviet Five- Year Plan

    Five Year PlanA.k.a. 1st Five-Year Plan, of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a list of economic goals, created by Joseph Stalin and based off his policy of Socialism in One Country, that was designed to strengthen the country's economy. This system of centralized control was copied from the German experience of WWI.
  • US stock market crash

    The 1929 Stock Market CrashA.k.a. the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the Great Crash, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929, it was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries and did not end in the United States until 1947.
  • Civil disobedience movement in India

    It is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Civil disobedience is commonly, though not always, defined as being nonviolent resistance. It is one form of civil resistance. In one view (in India, known as ahimsa or satyagraha) it could be said that it is compassion in the form of respectful disagreement.
  • Hitler is ruler in Germany

    Adolf HitlerHe was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler is commonly associated with the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II, and the Holocaust.
  • Mussolini launches fascist movement

    Mussolini and the Fascist Movement in ItalyA.k.a. Italian Fascism, it refers to the original fascist ideology in Italy. This ideology is associated with the National Fascist Party which under Benito Mussolini ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 until 1943, the Republican Fascist Party which ruled the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945, the post-war Italian Social Movement, and subsequent Italian neo-fascist movements.
  • Invasion of Poland by Germany

    INVASION OF POLAND, FALL 1939A.k.a. the September Campaign or 1939 Defensive War or Poland Campaign, was an invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II in Europe. It began one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. It ended with Germany and the Soviet Union dividing and annexing the whole of Poland.
  • Pearl Harbor; US joins WWII

    Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor bringing US into the war
  • Soviet victory at Stalingrad

    The Soviet Victory at StalingradThe Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in southwestern Russia. It was the largest battle on the Eastern Front and was marked by brutality and disregard for military and civilian casualties. It is among the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare, with the higher estimates of combined casualties amounting to nearly two million;
  • D-Day, Allied invasion at Normandy

    D-Day, the Normandy Invasion, 6 - 25 June 1944A.k.a. Normandy landings, it was the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II. The landings commenced on Tuesday, June 6, 1944 (D-Day), beginning at 6:30 AM British Double Summer Time (GMT+2). In planning, D-Day was the term used for the day of actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
  • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    The Bombing of Hiroshima and NagasakiDuring the final stages of World War II in 1945, the Allies of World War II conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Together with the United Kingdom and the Republic of China, the United States called for a surrender of Japan in the Potsdam Declaration on 26 July 1945, threatening Japan with "prompt and utter destruction". The Japanese government ignored this ultimatum, and two nuclear weapons developed by the Manh
  • Establishment of United Nations

    United Nations (UN)The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. It was founded after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions; 193 members.
  • Creation of Israel

    Formation of IsraelThe State of Israel declared independence and after almost two millennia of Jewish dispersal and persecution around the Mediterranean. From the late 19th century the Zionist movement worked towards the goal of creating a homeland for the Jewish people. Israeli independence has been marked by massive immigration of Jews, by conflict with the Palestinians and by wars with neighbouring Arab states. Since about 1970 the United States has been the principal ally of Israel;
  • Chinese Communist Revolution

    China had a communist Revolution.
  • Korean War

    It was a war between the Republic of Korea (supported primarily by the United States of America, with contributions from allied nations under the aegis of the United Nations) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (supported by the People's Republic of China, with military and material aid from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
  • Establishment of Warsaw Pact

    commonly referred to as the Warsaw Pact, was a mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War. The founding treaty was established under the initiative of the Soviet Union. The Warsaw Pact was the military complement to the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CoMEcon), the regional economic organisation for the communist states of Eastern Europe.
  • US troops in Vietnam

    It was because of a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia; Vietnam War. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the U.S. and other anti-communist countries. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes.
  • Suez crisis

    The Suez CrisisA.k.a. Tripartite Aggression or Suez War, it was a diplomatic and military confrontation between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel on the other, with the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Nations playing major roles in forcing Britain, France and Israel to withdraw. The three allies, U.S., France, and Isreal; were mainly successful in attaining their immediate military objectives, but pressure from the U.S. and the USSR at the U.N.s and elsewhere force
  • Castro comes to power in Cuba

    An Outline of American History (1990)Chapter EightCastro Comes To Power In Cuba (11/22)He held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, under his administration the Republic of Cuba was converted into a multi-party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalised under state owners
  • Construction of Berlin Wall

    The construction of the Berlin WallIt was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Russia used Cuba as a proxy state and put nuclear missles on cuba threatening US's safety, and almost starting a nuclear war.
  • Iran–Iraq War

    Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)A.k.a. the First Persian Gulf War, it was an armed conflict between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran, lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the longest conventional war of the 20th century.[12][13][14] It was initially referred to in English as the "Persian Gulf War" prior to the "Gulf War" of 1990.
  • Persian Gulf War

    Persian Gulf WarsA.k.a. Operation Desert Storm, commonly referred to as simply the Gulf War, was a war waged by a UN-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.The war is also known under other names, such as the First Gulf War, Gulf War I, or the Iraq War, before the term "Iraq War" became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the U.S. as "Operation Iraqi Freedom").
  • Reunification of Germany

    The Reunification of Germany and Its AftermathIt was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany), and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23. The start of this process is commonly referred by Germans as die Wende (The Turning Point). The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity (German: Deutsche Einheit),
  • Collapse of USSR

    FALL OF THE SOVIET UNIONOfficially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, this collapse left all fifteen republics of the Soviet Union as independent sovereign states. The dissolution of the world's largest communist state also marked an end to the Cold War.
  • 9/11 Terriorism

    The 9/11 attacks on US buildings, by plane.