Prime Ministers of Australia

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  • Edmund Barton

    Edmund Barton
    Edmund Barton was the first Prime Minister of Australia. He was sworn in at the ceremony establishing the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. He was born in Glebe, Sydney to William and Mary Louise Barton. He went to Fort Street Model School and Sydney Grammar. He was interested and good at debating and wanted to be involved in poltics. He contributed his first draft of the Australian Constitution in 1891. Barton pushed for federation, his dream.
    Born: 29 May 1879.
    Died:13 November 1949.
  • Federation

    Federation
  • Period: to

    Australian Prime Ministers

  • Alfred Deakin

    Alfred Deakin
    Edmund Barton resigned from Prime Minister to become a judge of the High Court. His friend and the deputy Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin replaced him.
    Born: l3 August 1856
    Died: 7 October 1919
  • Chris Watson

    Chris Watson
    Chris Watson was Australia's first federal Labour government leader who acheived the top seat when Labour members withdrew support for Alfred Deakin, on an improvement to Arbitration and Conciliation bill. He was only Prime Minister for four months.
    Born: 9 April1867
    Died: 18 November 1941
  • George Reid

    George Reid
    From the establishment of parliament in 1901, George Reid was Leader of the Opposition and became the fourth Prime Minister in three years.
    Born: 25 February 1845
    Died: 12 September 1918
  • Alfred Deakin

    Alfred Deakin
    Alfred Deakin became the Prime Minister for the second time after George Reid lost a great mass of support from the House of Representatives.
    Born: l3 August 1856
    Died: 7 October 1919
  • Andrew Fisher

    Andrew Fisher
    Fisher became the fifth Prime Minister of Australia when Labour withdrew support from the Deakin government.
    Born: 29 August 1862
    Died: 22 October 1928
  • Alfred Deakin

    Alfred Deakin
    Alfred Deakin became Prime Minister for the third time after negotiating with the members from the three non-Labor political groups in the House of Representatives.
    Born: 13 August 1856
    Died: 7 October 1919
  • Andrew Fisher

    Andrew Fisher
    Andrew Fisher was sworn in as Prime Minister for the second time. On 1 July 1910 the fourth parliament was opened, and it was the first time a Prime Minister had a majority in both Houses.
    Born: 29 August 1862
    Died: 22 October 1928
  • Joseph Cook

    Joseph Cook
    Prime Minister Joseph Cook held a majority of only one in the House of Representatives.
    Born: 7 December 1860
    Died: 30 July 1928
  • Andrew Fisher

    Andrew Fisher
    Andrew Fisher was sworn in as Prime Minister for the third time. At Australia's first double dissolution election on the fifth of September, Labour was returned in a landslide victory.
    Born: 29 August 1862
    Died: 22 October 1928
  • William Morris Hughes

    William Morris Hughes
    After the forced resignation of Andrew Fisher, Labour parliamentarians elected William M Hughes as their party leader. On the tenth of January 1918, William M Hughes formed the Prime ministerial promise and Hughes was again sworn in as Prime Minister. Hughes vowed to resign if this promise didn't work. The conscription referendum did not succeed so he resigned on the eighth of January. The Governer -General swore Hughes in again for a second time.
    Born: 25 September 1862
    Died: 28 October 1928
  • Stanley Melbourne Bruce

    Stanley Melbourne Bruce
    After the Nationalist Party displaced William M Hughes as leader Stanley M Bruce was made Prime Minister.
    Born: 15 April 1883
    Died: 25 August 1967
  • James Scullin

    James Scullin
    James Scullin became Prime Minister after the election of Australia’s third Labor government.
    Born: 18 September 1876
    Died: 28 January 1953
  • Joseph Lyons

    Joseph Lyons
    On 19 December, Joseph Lyon's new United Australia Party won government at the election, making him the new Prime Minister.
    Born: 15 September 1879
    Died: 7 April 1939
  • Earle Page

    Earle Page
    Earle Page was named Prime Minister after the death of Joseph Lyons. He was Prime Minister for only nineteen days.
    Born: 8 August 1880
    Died: 20 December 1961
  • Robert Menzies

    Robert Menzies
    Robert Menzies was sworn in as Prime Minister when he was elected as leader of the United Australia Party.
    Born: 20 December 1894
    Died: 15 May 1978
  • Arthur Fadden

    Arthur Fadden
    Arthur Fadden succeeded Robert Menzies as Prime Minister in 1941.
    Born: 13 April 1894
    Died: 21 April 1973
  • John Curtin

    John Curtin
    After the Fadden government lost the majority of support in the House of Representatives John Curtin was sworn in.
    Born: 8 January 1885
    Died: 5 July 1945
  • Francis Forde

    Francis Forde
    On the death of John Curtin, the deputy Prime Minister Francis Forde was made the Prime Minister until the federal parliamentary Labor Party elected a new leader.
    Born: 18 July 1890
    Died: 28 January 1983
  • Ben Chifley

    Ben Chifley
    Prime Minister Ben Chifley was sworn in after being chosen the day before as the new leader of the Labour Party.
    Born: 22 September 1885
    Died: 13 June 1951
  • Robert Menzies

    Robert Menzies
    Robert Menzies was elected Prime Minister for the second time and started a record term of sixteen years in the most important seat in parliament.
    Born: 20 December 1894
    Died: 15 May 1978
  • Harold Holt

    Harold Holt
    After his record breaking sixteen years as Prime Minister, Robert Menzies resigned and Harold Holt was sworn in.
    Born: 5 August 1908
    Died: 17th December 1967
  • John McEwen

    John McEwen
    Two days after Holt disappeared in the ocean near Portsea, Victoria, McEwen was sworn in as Prime Minister.
    Born: 29 March 1900
    Died: 20 November 1980
  • John Gorton

    John Gorton
    After the Liberal Party members voted John Gorton as their party leader, he became the Prime Minister.
    Born: 9 September 1911
    Died: 19 May 2002
  • William McMahon

    William McMahon
    William McMahon was sworn in as Prime Minister after displacing John Gordon as the Liberal Party leader.
    Born: 23 February 1908
    Died: 31 March 1988
  • Gough Whitlam

    Gough Whitlam
    Gough Whitlam was the first Labour leader in twenty-six years to be elected. The deputy, Lance Barnard and Whitlam were sworn in to make up the first ministry until a Cabinet was chosen.
    Born: 11 July 1916
  • Malcom Fraser

    Malcom Fraser
    After the Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the Labour government, Malcolm Fraser became the ‘caretaker’ Prime Minister pending a general election.
    Born: 21 May 1930
  • Robert Hawke

    Robert Hawke
    Another Labour leader, Robert Hawke was sworn in, on The 11th March 1983.
    Born: 9 December 1929
  • Paul Keating

    Paul Keating
    In exchange for leading the Labour Party, Keating became Prime Minister.
    Born: 18 January 1944
  • John Howard

    John Howard
    The first Coalition government for 13 years was sworn in, with John Howard as Prime Minister.
    Born: 26 July 1939
  • Kevin Rudd

    Kevin Rudd
    Ministers of the new Labour government led by Kevin Rudd, with Julia Gillard as Australia’s first female deputy Prime Minister, sworn in by the Governor-General.
    Born: 21 September 1957
  • Julia Gillard

    Julia Gillard
    Julia Gillard became Prime Minister when Kevin Rudd lost a leadership challenge to her. Born: 29 September 1961