1700-1800

  • House of Burgesses passed its first slave code.

  • a group of New England ministers published Early Piety.

  • slave rebellion in New York City

  • Period: to

    Great Awakening

  • Period: to

    slavery became increasingly significant in the northern colonies

  • William Parks set up his printing shop in Annapolis

  • The Walking Purchase of 1737 was emblematic of both colonists’ desire for cheap land and the changing relationship between Pennsylvanians and their Native neighbors.

  • Stono Rebellion

  • Every major port in the region participated to some extent in the transatlantic trade

  • slavery was legal in every North American colony.

  • Benjamin Franklin suggested a plan of union

  • Period: to

    Seven Years’ War or the French and Indian War

  • The large French port and fortress of Louisbourg, in present-day Nova Scotia, fell to the British

  • British general James Wolfe defeated French general Louis-Joseph de Montcalm in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, outside Quebec City.

  • British defeat the French at the Battle of Minden and destroy large portions of the French fleet.

  • British captured Quebec

  • King George III took the crown

  • Neolin preached the avoidance of alcohol, a return to traditional rituals, and unity among Indigenous people to his disciples, including Pontiac, an Ottawa leader.

  • Board of Trade to restrict the uses of paper money in the Currency Acts

  • peace treaties of Paris and Hubertusburg

  • the British Crown issued the Royal Proclamation

  • Period: to

    Great Lakes, Ohio Valley, and Upper Susquehanna Valley areas were embroiled in a war

  • Sugar Act

  • The Stamp Act

  • Virginia Resolves

  • Pontiac met with British official and diplomat William Johnson at Fort Ontario and settled for peace

  • London merchants sent a letter to Parliament arguing that they had been “reduced to the necessity of pending ruin” by the Stamp Act and the subsequent boycotts.

  • roups calling themselves the Sons of Liberty were formed in most colonies to direct and organize further resistance.

  • Pressure on Parliament grew until, in February 1766, it repealed the Stamp Act.

  • Britain’s next attempt to draw revenues from the colonies, the Townshend Acts, were passed in June 1767

  • Britain sent regiments to Boston

  • Philadelphia overtook Boston

  • Boston Massacre

  • slave-owning Quakers could be expelled from their meetings

  • Parliament passed two acts to aid the failing East India Company

  • Committees of Correspondence and/or extralegal assemblies were established in all of the colonies except Georgia.

  • The First Continental Congress convened

  • British regiments set out to seize local militias’ arms and powder stores in Lexington and Concord.

  • Philadelphia printer Robert Bell issued hundreds of thousands of copies of Thomas Paine’s revolutionary Common Sense.

  • British forces had abandoned Boston arriving in New York.

  • British general John Burgoyne led an army from Canada to secure the Hudson River.

  • British had held Philadelphia and New York and yet still weakened their position.

  • Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

  • British shifted their attentions to the South, where they believed they enjoyed more popular support.

  • each town sent delegates—312 in all—to a constitutional convention in Cambridge.

  • Jefferson proposed a Statute for Religious Freedom in the Virginia state assembly

  • Massachusetts’s constitution, passed

  • British were fighting France, Spain, and Holland.

  • The Continental Congress ratified the Articles of Confederation

  • thousands of formerly enslaved Loyalists fled with the British army.

  • Peace negotiations took place in France, and the war came to an official end on September 3, 1783

  • Period: to

    Federalist Papers

  • Congress announced that a majority of states had ratified the Constitution and that the document was now in effect.

  • George Washington takes the presidential oath of office.

  • Ten amendments were added to the constitution

  • Congress approved a twenty-year charter for the Bank of the United States.

  • Hamilton proposed a federal excise tax

  • slave rebellion in Haiti

  • Battle of Fallen Timbers

  • Treaty of Greenville

  • the United States peacefully elected a new president.

  • Washington’s 1796 farewell address

  • President Adams sent envoys to France

  • Alien and Sedition Acts.

  • George Washington, passed away