The Cold War

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    Chinese Civil War

    Chinese Civil warA civil war fought between the Kuomintang, the governing party of the republic of china, and the communist party of china, for the control of china which eventually led to china’s division. the war began 1927, amidst the northern expedition. the war represented and ideological split between the nationalist, and the communist. In mainland china today, the last three years of the war (1947-1949) is more commonly known as the war of liberation.
  • NATO

    In 1947 Britain could no longer afford to defend Greece. The idea of containment , limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet Union. The Truman Doctrine made it clear that Americans would resist Soviet expansion in Europe or some where else in the world. Germany became a huge focus in the Cold War. In 1949, the United States, Canada and ten other countries formed a new military. Members pledged to help one another if anyone of them were attacked.
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    Nuclear arms race and Detente

    Nuclear bombIn 1949, the Soviet Union developed a nuclear power. By 1953 both sides had developed hydrogen bombs. Both sides engaged in a race to match each others new weapons resulting in a “balance of terror”. Arms agreements In 1972&1979 led to an era of detente, relaxation of tensions during the 1970’s. By the late 1960’s Britain France and China developed nuclear weapons. In 1968 many nations signed the nuclear-proliferation treaty, agreeing not to develop nuclear weapons/stop the spread of weapons.
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    Communist Cuba and Missile Crisis

    Communist Cuba flagIn the 1950 Fidel Castro organized an armed rebellion against the corrupt dictator of Cuba. In 1959 he led his army to victory. In his new communist Cuba he looked to The Soviets for help. He Put most land under gov. control and restricted Cubans freedom. In 1961 JFK supported and invasion attempt that ended in failure. In 1962 the soviets sent nuclear missiles to Cuba. The US blockaded Cuba and demanded the Soviets take back their missiles. On the edge of nuclear war they removed their missiles
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    Korean Conflict One

    north korean flagThe nation of Korea occupies a peninsula on China’s northeastern border. like east and west Germany, Korea was split in two by rival forces after WWII. Korean was an independent kingdom until japan conquered it in early twentieth century. After Japan’s defeat in WWII, soviet and American forces agreed to divide Korea temporarily along the 38th parallel of latitude. North Korea was ruled by dictator Kim II Sung, became the communist ally of the soviets. South Korea a non-communist leader Syngman.
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    Korean Conflict Two

    South korean flagBoth leaders wanted to rule the entire country. In 1950, Kim II Sung called for “heroic Struggle” to reunite Korea. North Korean troops attack in June of that year and soon overran most of the South. The United State then organized a United Nations force to help South Korea. Although U.S troops arrived in early July, North Korean troops continued to advance until United Nations forces stopped them in August along the line known as the Pusan Perimeter.
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    The Vietnam Conflict Part 1

    North Vietnam FlagAfter 1954, the struggle for Vietnam became part of the cold war. At an international conference that year, Western and communists powers agreed to a temporary division of Vietnam. A non-communists government led by Ngo Dinh Dinm (ngoh din dee EM), supported the United States, ruled South Vietnam.
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    The Vietnam Conflict Part 2

    South Vietnam FlagSome South Vietnamese preferred Ho Chi Minh, a national hero, to the South Vietnamese government backed by the United States, a foreign power. Ho’s communists guerrilla fighters had appeared in the jungles of south Vietnam, many of them were south Vietnamese, but received strong support of the North Vietnam. Many saw their fight as a nationalist struggle to liberate Vietnam from foreign domination.
  • Warsaw Pact

    In 1955, the Soviet Union responded by forming its own military alliance known as the Warsaw Pact. It included the Soviet Union and 7 satellites in Eastern Europe. In the end Soviet Union claimed the moral high ground in the struggles against Western Imperialism.
  • The Berlin Wall

    In the 1950’s West Berlin became a show case for mans, unhappy with communism fled into West Berlin. When 1953 came, some 50,000 workers confronted the Soviet army in the streets of the German Capital. In 1961, the city split into democratic West Berlin and communist East Berlin. There was low-paid East Germans unhappy with the Communists who fled to West Berlin. In Berlin, the wall was completed with massive concrete barriers, topped with barb wire and patrolled by guards.
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    Eastern European Independence Part 1

    Eastern Europe The Soviet union had maintained control over its eastern European satellites by force. When Gorbachev introduced glasnost and Perestroika in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europeans began to seek more freedom in their own country's.
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    Eastern European Independence Part 2

    Saviots 1950'sMany Eastern Europeans opposed to communist rule. Nationalists resented Russian domination. Revolts has erupted in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and else were in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Demands for change started again.
    In 1968 when Czechoslovakia's defiance of Soviet control lead to a Soviet invasion, Hungary quietly introduced the modest economic reforms.
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    Soviets in Afghanistan

    Soviets in AfghanistanIn 1979, the soviet union Became involved in a long war in Afghanistan, an Islamic country just south of the soviet union. A soviet-Supported Afganistan government had tried to modernize the nation. its policies included social Reform and land redistribution that would reduce the power of regional landlords.
  • Fall of the Soviet Union

    Fall of the Soviet Union
    In 1956 Western fears of growing Soviet power did not come true. In fact Soviet communism was doomed. Signs of the weakness of the Soviet has been coming for awhile and has been visible from the beginning.
    The Soviet faced huge problems with economic collections. also they were having trouble with all parts of there economy Like agriculture and money. This was a huge part in the fall of the Soviet.