The Cold War

  • HUAC

    HUAC
    HUAC stands for the House of Un-American Activities Commitee. It was created to look into suspected cases of disloyalty in the United States. While it was mostly suposed to be focused on all dislayal acts, it mainly focused on communism.
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    Nuclear Arms Race

    The nuclear arms race was a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union. They believed the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powerful you were.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference was held in Yalta, Crimea. Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt met to negociate about Poland. Roosevelt and Churchill wanted to prevent communism in Poland but Stalin said that a pro-communist influence in Poland would be the only way to ensure the Soviet Union's safety.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The conference was held in Berlin after Germany's surrender in World War II. Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill met to discuss European peace settlements, the administration of defeated Germany, the demarcation of the boundaries of Poland, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union's role in eastern Europe, the determination of reparations, and the further prosecution of the war against Japan.
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    Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh was the leader of China during the Cold War.
  • UN

    UN
    The United Nations was created for peasckeeping and humanitarian assistance. They also work to promote respect for human rights, while also promoting gender equality and the advancement of women, protecting the environment, fighting disease and reducing poverty.
  • CIA

    CIA
    •Collecting intelligence through human sources and by other appropriate means, except that he shall have no police, subpoena, or law enforcement powers or internal security functions;
    •Correlating and evaluating intelligence related to the national security and providing appropriate dissemination of such intelligence
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine stated that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. President Harry S. Truman came up with the idea of the Truman Doctrine.
  • Joseph McCarthy

    Joseph McCarthy
    Joseph was a Senator from Wisconsin. He made a speech in which he accused two-hundred and five people of being communist. This is what started the second red scare. He later changed his accusations to just fifty-seven.
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    2nd Red Scare

    The second Red Scare was a time in United States history where Americans were afraid of communism. They believed in the Domino Theory, the idea that if one country became communist, all the countries around it would too. The second red scare was started by Senator Joseph McCarthy.
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    Marshall Plan

    After World War II, a lot of Europe had been destroyed. The Marshall Plan was the U.S. sponsered program to aid European countries that needed help. The U.S. wanted to rebuild Europe's economic enviorment. The Secratary of State, George Marshall came up with the Marshall Plan. In total, the U.S. lent about $13.3 million to Europe.
  • Hollywood Ten

    Hollywood Ten
    The Hollywood Ten were screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S entertainment professionals who were denied employment. This happened because they were suspectedof being communists.
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    Berlin Blockade/ Berlin Airlift

    The Berlin Blockade was the Soviets attempt at block Allied access to the German city of Berlin. Planes loaded with suplies from the Britsh and Americans brought food and essentials to the people of Berlin until the blockade was lifted in 1949
  • NATO

    NATO
    NATO stand for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It was a military alliance formed between twelve countries. Those countries were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The treaty stated that any attack on any of the countries in the alliance would be an attack on the entire alliance.
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    The Korean War

    The Korean War took place after World War II. It was a conflict between the communist and non-communists in Korea. North and South Korea were divided by teh 38th parallel. North Korea was occupied by communists while South Korea was occupied by the U.S.
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    Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1953-1964. Khrushchev honestly believed in the superiority of Communism, and felt that it was only a matter of time before it would destroy the Capitalist system once and for all. Khrushchev was Ukrainian by birth and joined the Communist party in 1918.
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    Eisenhower

    As President, he oversaw the cease-fire of the Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, made nuclear weapons a higher defense priority, launched the Space Race, enlarged the Social Security program, and began the Interstate Highway System.
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    The Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was fought mostly in South Vietnam. It occured because North Vietnam and the Vietcong were trying to overthrow the South Vietnamese government. The Vietnam War was a spin off from the first Indochina War when the Vietnamese tried to win their independence from France. In 1965, the U.S. began airraids on communist cotrolled areas.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was a name given to the treaty between Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. It was signed in Poland in 1955 and was also given the name, "Treaty of Friendship." If any of the countries that were part of the treaty were attacked, the other countries would come to it's aid.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    The Space Race took place during the Cold War. Two of the world's greateset powers cometed to best each other in their achievments. The USSR and U.S. raced to get satellites and the firts man into space.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to be put into orbit. It was built and launched by the Soviets. This event is was officially sparked the Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States.
  • NASA

    NASA
    NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is charged with developing tactical aeronautic and space vehicles, space exploration, and monitoring global patterns such as climate change and land use. NASA also puts satallites into space to gather information.
  • Fidel Castro

    Fidel Castro
    Castro was the President of Cuba and came into power in 1959. When he was too sick to lead, his brother Raul took over.
  • U2 Crisis

    U2 Crisis
    On May 1, 1960, the Russians shot down a U.S. spy plane and called the flight an agressive act. The U.S denied that the plane was for reconnaissance. The leader of Russia, Nikita Khrushchev, said that he would not take part in the scheduled summit conference with the U.S., British, and French unless the U.S. immediately stopped flights over Soviet territory, apologized, and punished those responsible.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    The Bay of Pigs was the U.S. attempt at overthrowing the Cuban government led by Fidel Castro. The attempt was unsuccessful. The Central Intelligence Agency secretly trained Cuban exiles for the invasion. The invasion was stopped by Castro's army and by the end ninety exiles had been killed.
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    Berilin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic. It divided Berlin in half and kept the citizens from fleeing to the West. It also separated the Soviet populated area and the U.S., British, and French populated areas of Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis is the closes the U.S. has ever come to nuclear war. The crisis started when the Soviet Union placed missiles pointed at the U.S. in Cuba, which was only ninety miles away. Kennedy discoverd the Soviets plan and demanded that the missiles be removed. The U.S. and Soviets came to the agreement that the U.S. remove all missiles from Turkey and the Soviets remove all missiles from Cuba.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a series of suprise attacks on South Vietnam. South Vietnam was attacked by North Vietnam and the Vietcong, rebel fighters who opposed the South Vietcong government, on South Vietnams new year holiday.
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    Nixon

    Nixon's accomplishments while in office included the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment), ending segregation, revenue sharing, ending the draft, new anti crime laws, started the process of ending the Cold War, recognized and fought against foreign oil price gouging, and implemented a broad environmental program . He was the only President to achieve a balanced national budget between 1961 and 1998.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    Vietnamization is the term used to describe the policy, stratgy and programs adopted by Nixon's administration. To get our troops out of Vietnam, Nixon had the South Vietnamese slowly take over while the U.S. troops gradually left.
  • First Man on the Moon

    First Man on the Moon
    Neil Armstrong was the first person to step foot on the moon followed by Buss Aldrin. They were part of the Apollo 11 mission. This was an important moment in U.S history becasue it put us ahead of the Soviets in the Space Race.
  • Kent State Massacre

    Kent State Massacre
    In May 1970, students stared a demonstration protesting the war. Students started to throw rocks and bottles at the guardsmen, looted stores, and broke windows. When the violence started, the guardsmen fired into the crowd killing four people, and injuring nine.