The Baroque Era 1600-1730s

Timeline created by hjacqueline6464
In Music
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    Emilio De'Cavalieri

    He composed the first surviving play set entirely to music.
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    Giulio Caccini

    One of the founders of opera. He composed 4 stage works and more than 75 songs/ arias.
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    Lodovico Grossi Viadana

    Wrote the earliest known example of liturgical monody. He was the first to compose and publish a continuo part for a collection of sacred vocal concerti.
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    Jacopo Corsi

    This composer contributed to Peri's first opera. His best known work is Dafne.
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    Early Baroque

    Many significant changes in music took place during the early Baroque Era.
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    Marco da Gagliano

    He was one of the important Italian musicians in the early Baroque. His work was very dramatic.
  • Opera

  • Harpsichord - instrumental invention

    The harpsichord became one of the Baroque periods' most important instrument.
  • mood

    A Baroque piece expresses only one basic mood, and follows what is termed the ‘doctrine of affect’.
  • harmony

    Chords became increasingly important in the Baroque period. The entire structure of the Baroque piece rested on the Bass Voice.
  • orchestra

    The orchestra was based on the string instruments, and usually consisted of 10 to 40 instruments.
  • Clarinet - instrumental invention

    Johann C. Denner invented the clarinet. It was the first Western single-reed instrument.
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    Johann Jakob Froberger

    German composer and keyboard virtuoso. He developed the keyboard suite genre. Johann assimilated French, Italian, and German styles in his works.
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    The Thirty Year War

    War happened partially as a result of the ongoing struggle between the Protestants and the Catholics
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    Matthew Locke

    English composer of chamber and dramatic music. He was prolific and influential in his day. His work consisted of anthems, motets, consort pieces, keyboard works, and songs.
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    Galileo Galilei’s Death

    On the 8th of January, 1642 that the world lost a true genius. Philosopher, astronomer, physicist, and mathematician, Galileo Galilei died at the age of 77 in Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Italy.
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    Middle Baroque

    Vocal styles of cantata, oratorio, and opera emerged during this period.
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    Thomas Baltzar

    German violinist and composer. Thomas was an extremely popular violinist in England.
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    Marc-Antoine Charpentier

    French composer of opera. Some of his works consisted of 11 masses, magnificats, motets, antiphons, psalms, oratorios and airs.
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    Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber

    Austrian composer and violinist. He did stage works, masses and other sacred works.
  • Oratorio

    An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
  • Tuba or French Horn - instrumental invention

    Wagner invented the tuba after visiting the workshop of Adolphe Sax.
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    Antonio Vivaldi

    Italian composer; he laid the foundations for late Baroque instrumental music; teacher. He was the pioneer of orchestral music.
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    Late Baroque

    This was the era of Vivaldi, Telemann, Handel and Bach.
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    Francesco Durante

    Galant Italian composer and teacher. A leading composer of church music. He composed sacred dramas, masses, motets, psalms, Magnificats, antiphons, cantatas, duets, concertos, sonatas, fugues, and pedagogical works.
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    Nicola Porpora

    Italian composer and singing teacher. Taught famous castrati in the 18th century.
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    Francesco Geminiani

    Italian composer, violinist, teacher, and theorist. He was one of the greatest violin virtuosos of his day.
  • Cantata

    A cantata is a work for voice or voices and instruments of the baroque era. It became famous in the middle of the baroque era
  • Saxophone - instrumental invention

    This instrument followed the clarinet. Adolphe Sax invented the saxophone. It became one of the most popular instruments.
  • Concerto

    A concerto is from the late Baroque era, mostly understood as an instrumental composition, written for one or more soloists.
  • Sonata

    Sonata was generally applied to small instrumental works. No set form or number of movements.