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Cold War

  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    It opened a new era in the history of mankind. It constituted the radicalization of the Russian Revolution of 1917, after the February Revolution and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. It was led by the Bolshevik Party under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signified the first declared socialist revolution of the 20th Century
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, the most powerful of the allies who defeated the Axis powers in World War II. Stalin, Churchill and Truman (as well as Clement Attlee, who succeeded Churchill after winning the 1945 election) had agreed to decide how they would administer Germany.
  • Atomic bomb - Hiroshima/Nagasaki

    Atomic bomb - Hiroshima/Nagasaki
    They were nuclear attacks ordered by Harry S. Truman, president of the United States, against the Empire of Japan. Which contributed, together with the Soviet-Japanese War, to the surrender of Japan and the end of the Second World War. On Hiroshima on Monday, August 6, 1945, followed by the detonation of the Fat Man bomb on Thursday, August 9 over Nagasaki. Between 105,000 and 120,000 people died and 130,000 were injured.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    The Iron Curtain was the name for the non physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
  • Molotov Plan

    Molotov Plan
    The Molotov Plan was the system created by the Soviet Union in 1947 in order to provide aid to rebuild the countries in Eastern Europe that were politically and economically aligned to the Soviet Union. It can be seen to be the Soviet Union's version of the Marshall Plan, which for political reasons the Eastern European countries would not be able to join without leaving the Soviet sphere of influence.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection. First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey, the doctrine was seen by the communists as an open declaration of the Cold War.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    A program of financial aid and other initiatives, sponsored by the US, designed to boost the economies of western European countries after World War II. It was originally advocated by Secretary of State George C. Marshall and passed by Congress in 1948.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    It was the closing of the borders that the United Kingdom and the United States shared with the Soviet Union in occupied German territory, was imposed by the Soviet Union, and affected mainly the western zone of Berlin, then controlled by the forces of United States, the United Kingdom and France. It was applied in response to the monetary reform imposed by these countries.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The United States Air Command decided to supply the city by air through the three legally established air corridors. The Berlin airlift (in German: Berliner Luftbrücke) with the landing of the first C-47 cargo plane at the Tempelhof airport in Berlin. It was a project carried out by the United States Air Force, the Royal Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal Air Force of New Zealand and the South African Air Force.
  • NATO

    It is an intergovernmental military alliance governed by the North Atlantic Treaty or the Washington Treaty. The organization constitutes a system of collective defense, in which the Member States agree to defend any of its members if they are attacked by an external power. The NATO headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium, and its 29 member states cover North America and Europe. In 2017, the combined military spending of the 29 countries was 52% of global military spending.
  • Soviet bomb test

    Soviet bomb test
    The Soviet atomic bomb project was the classified research and development program that was authorized by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union to develop nuclear weapons during World War II.
    Although the Soviet scientific community discussed the possibility of an atomic bomb throughout the 1930s, the large-scale program began during World War II. On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union secretly conducted its first successful weapons test at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan.
  • Alger Hiss case

    Alger Hiss case
    Alger Hiss was an American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Before he was tried and convicted, he was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department official and as a U.N. official.
  • Hollywood 10

    Hollywood 10
    The Ten of Hollywood was the name that the press used to designate a group of people related to the American film industry, and who were included in the blacklist of Hollywood during the Macarthismo, accused of obstruction to the work of the Congress of the States United for refusing to testify before the Anti-American Activities Committee of John Parnell Thomas, destined to "investigate" a supposed communist infiltration in the ranks of Hollywood.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The war was one of the earliest episodes of the Cold War. Excluding more than 3 million civilians and almost 15% of the population of the dead North, it constitutes one of the most bloodthirsty wars in history. After the end of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union agreed to split Korea into two. The North is left in charge of the Soviet Union and the South in charge of the United States. Each superpower controlled in its respective area the constitution.
  • Rosenberg trial

    Rosenberg trial
    Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg and Julius Rosenberg was a United States of America marriage executed in the electric chair accused of espionage. It was the first execution for espionage of civilians in the history of the United States. It was thought that they were great spies of the Soviet Union.
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    It was one of the most significant battles of the Vietnam War of Independence, which took place between March 13 and May 7, 1954. The contenders were the Vietminh guerrilla forces and the military forces of France. In this battle they fought around fifty thousand Vietnamese commanded by the general Vo Nguyen Giap. It is considered that the Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the last major armed confrontation of the so-called First Indochina War.
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    The Geneva Conferences also called Geneva Conversations were the negotiations between France and the Vietminh to decide the future of the nations that made up French Indochina.
    It passed between April 26 and July 20, 1954 during the Indochina War between the government of France and that of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
    This conference was of vital importance for the French colonialist pretensions to continue dominating Vietnam within the French Union.
  • Army-McCarthy hearings

    Army-McCarthy hearings
    The 1954 hearings of the United States Senate Subcommittee
    (April 27 - June 17, 1954) which implies a dispute between
    Republican Senator from Wisconsin Joseph R. McCarthy, one
    of the main communist hunters of the decade, and the army marked an important event for journalism, particularly television journalism. The televised hearings, some argued, paved the way for McCarthy's political defeat.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Treaty of Friendship, Collaboration and Mutual Assistance, better known as the Warsaw Pact for the city in which it was signed, was a military cooperation agreement signed on May 14, 1955 by the countries of the Eastern Bloc.
  • Hungarian Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution
    The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, or the Hungarian Uprising, was a nationwide revolution against the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    On 1 May 1960, a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down by the Soviet Air Defence Forces while performing photographic aerial reconnaissance deep into Soviet territory. The single-seat aircraft, flown by pilot Francis Gary Powers, was hit by an S-75 Dvina surface-to-air missile and crashed near Sverdlovsk.
  • Bay of Pigs invasion

    Bay of Pigs invasion
    It was a military operation in which troops of Cuban exiles, supported by the United States invaded Cuba in April 1961, to try to create a beachhead, form a provisional government and seek the support of the Organization of American States and the recognition of the international community. The action ended in failure in less than 65 hours. It was completely crushed by the Militias and the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR) of Cuba.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    It was a security wall that formed part of the inter-German border from August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989. It separated the area of the Berlin city framed in the economic space of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Berlin West, the capital of the GDR between those years, is the best-known symbol of the Cold War and the division of Germany.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    It is what is called the conflict between the United States, the Soviet Union and Cuba in October 1962, generated as a result of the discovery by the United States of bases of Soviet medium-range nuclear missiles in Cuban territory.
  • Assassination of Diem

    Assassination of Diem
    The arrest and murder of Ngo Dinh Diem, then president of South Vietnam, marked the culmination of a successful coup d'état perpetrated by the CIA and led by General Duong Van Minh in November 1963. On the morning of November 2, In 1963, Diem and his adviser, his younger brother Ngo Dinh Nhu, were arrested after the Army of the Republic of Vietnam succeeded in a bloody siege all night long at the Gia Long Palace in Saigon.
  • Assassination of JFK

    Assassination of JFK
    He was the thirty-fifth president of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, United States. Kennedy was mortally wounded by gunfire while driving in the presidential car at Dealey Plaza. He was the fourth president of EE. UU murdered (with Abraham Lincoln, James Abram Garfield and William McKinley) and the eighth who died in the exercise of his functions.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    It was a military operation in the Vietnam War, which took place in the late 1960s. Operation Rolling Thunder was the attempt by President Lyndon B. Johnson to destroy the industry and communications of North Vietnam to stop the aid provided by this country to the Vietcong and the continuous shipments of troops of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    It is a law issued by the Congress of the United States of America on August 7, 1964, in which President Lyndon B. Johnson was authorized to act in a comprehensive manner against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, which he accused of aggression. against US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin, where the resolution takes its name.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    It was a military operation planned by the government of North Vietnam and executed by the North Vietnamese Army and the Vietcong in 1968, against the allied forces led by the United States, especially the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (Army of South Vietnam ), during the Vietnam War.
  • Assassination of MLK

    Assassination of MLK
    Martin Luther King is shot in the head by a sniper while greeting his followers from the balcony of the Lorraine motel, accompanied by his collaborators among whom is the Rev. Jesse Jackson. King, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize four years earlier for his work in favor of racial equality and civil rights, was 39 years old.
  • Assassination of RFK

    Assassination of RFK
    Robert F. Kennedy was killed during the celebrations of his successful campaign in the California primary in his attempt to obtain the Democratic nomination for the presidency of the United States. The perpetrator was a Palestinian immigrant named Sirhan Sirhan, who remains imprisoned for the crime to this day. As happened with the death of his brother, the assassination of Robert Kennedy and the circumstances surrounding it have unleashed a great variety of conspiracy theories.
  • Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    It was an undeclared war in which troops from five socialist member countries of the Warsaw Pact on the night of August 20-21, 1968, led by the Soviet Union, invaded the Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia. Its objective was to stop the reforms of political liberalization promoted by the Czechoslovak president, Alexander Dubček, which had unleashed, previously, the Prague Spring.
  • Riots of Democratic convention

    Riots of Democratic convention
    The protesters against the war protested throughout the convention, clashing with police around the convention center, the Chicago International Amphitheater (on the streets, as well as in Lincoln and Grant parks). Mayor Richard J. Daley maintained a particularly harsh line against the protesters, refusing to allow meetings, rallies or marches, and demanding that the necessary force be used to subdue the masses.
  • Election of Nixon

    Election of Nixon
    The US presidential election of 1968. The 1968 US presidential election was held on November 5, 1968. Former Vice President Richard Nixon (Republican) won the election, by a narrow difference over Vice President Hubert Humphrey (Democrat).
  • Kent State shooting

    Kent State shooting
    It was an event that took place at the University of Kent, Ohio, where a chaotic panorama took place between students and members of the National Guard, on Monday, May 4, 1970, at which she was elected. Permanent) at the hands of the National Guard, which shot against the students. Some of the students shot were protesting the invasion of the United States to Cambodia (the framework of the Vietnam War and the anti-war protests in the United States).
  • Nixon visits China

    Nixon visits China
    The visit of US President Richard Nixon to the People's Republic of China was an important step to formally normalize relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It was the first time that a president of the United States visited the PRC, who at that time considered the United States as one of its most important enemies.
  • Ceasefire in Vietnam

    Ceasefire in Vietnam
    The Paris peace agreements of 1973 were intended to establish the end of the Vietnam War with the application of fundamental rights, as well as the independence of South Vietnam and the stabilization of Asia. Mainly, the agreements, signed on January 27.
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon or Liberation of Saigon was the capture of the city of Saigon (present Ho Chi Minh City), capital of South Vietnam, by the National Liberation Front of Vietnam and the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on the 30th. April 1975
  • Reagan elected

    Reagan elected
    He was persuaded to achieve the governorship of California, winning it two years later and for the second time in 1970. He was defeated in his race for the Republican presidential nomination in 1968 and in 1976, but he won both the nomination and the elections in 1980, becoming President of the United States of America.
  • SDI announced

    SDI announced
    It was a program proposed by the President of the United States Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 popularly known as Star Wars. A research and technology program was proposed for the establishment of a defensive shield against a Soviet attack with strategic ballistic weapons. The original idea was to establish an anti-missile defense from space that detected the trajectory of ballistic missiles and could destroy them at various points in their trajectory.
  • Geneva Conference with Gorbachev

    Geneva Conference with Gorbachev
    The main objective was for the United States to establish the rules of the game of international conduct of Washington and Moscow in the coming years, it was developed in a "good atmosphere", and the conversations were "serious and practical", it was a very pleasant conversation.
  • "Tear down this wall’ speech

    "Tear down this wall’ speech
    It was a famous appointment and challenge of the ex-president of the United States Ronald Reagan to the ex-former Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev to demolish the Berlin Wall. The speech was made in front of the Brandenburg Gate for the commemoration of the 750th anniversary of Berlin, on June 12, 1987, and Reagan's desire for the wall to be demolished was a symbol of freedom in the east.
  • Fall of Berlin Wall

    Fall of Berlin Wall
    On November 9, 1989, the unthinkable happened in Germany. The Berlin Wall, which split the current German capital in two and became the symbol of the division of the German people during the Cold War, fell after 29 years of being built.