Cold War

  • The End World War 2

    The End World War 2
    It is known for being the most significant and influential event of the twentieth century. Total military and civil deaths are estimated at 70 to 85 million, about 3% of the global population during that time.
  • The Presidency of Harry S. Truman

    The Presidency of Harry S. Truman
    He was the 33rd president of the U.S., he known bet for putting an end to World War 2 in the Pacific by dropping the atomic bomb on Japan
  • Vietnam Declares independence

    Vietnam Declares independence
    The conflict in Vietnam took root during an independence movement against French colonial rule and evolved into a Cold War confrontation. The Vietnam War (1955-1975) was fought between communist North Vietnam, backed by the Soviet Union and China, and South Vietnam, supported by the United States.
  • The Truman Doctrine was created

    The Truman Doctrine was created
    It is a policy that pledges American " support for democracies against authoritarian threat's" The doctrine originated with the primary goal of containing Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.
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    Cold War

    After World War 2, the U.S. and its allies, and the Soviet Union and its satellite states began a decades-long struggle for supremacy known as the Cold War
  • The Marshall Plan was created

    The Marshall Plan was created
    It proposed that The United States provide economic assistance to restore the economic infrastructure of postwar Europe.It provided markets for American goods, created reliable trading partners, and supported the development of stable democratic governments in Western Europe.
  • The Berlin Airlift

    The Berlin Airlift
    Response to the Soviet blockade of land routes into West Berlin, the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water, and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city.
  • Nato was created

    Nato was created
    The purpose of the NATO was to secure peace in Europe, to promote cooperation among it's members and to guard their freedom.
  • The Korean War

    The Korean War
    It was a Korean conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( North Korea) and the Republic of Korea ( South Korea ) in which at least 2.5 million people lost their lives.
  • Brown VS Board of Education

    Brown VS Board of Education
    In this milestone decision, the Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It signaled the end of legalized racial segregation in the schools of the United States, overruling the "separate but equal" principle set forth in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case.
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    Warren Court

    The Warren Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and the federal power in dramatic ways. It has been widely recognized that the court, led by the liberal bloc, has created a major "Constitutional Revolution" in the history of United States.
  • The Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower

    The Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower
    He was the 34th president of the U.S , he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe and achieved the five star rank of General of the Army.
  • The 1954 Geneva Accords signed

    The 1954 Geneva Accords signed
    In July 1954, the Geneva Agreements were signed. As part of the agreement, the French agreed to withdraw their troops from northern Vietnam. Vietnam would be temporarily divided at the 17th parallel, pending elections within two years to choose a president and reunite the country.
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    Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was a long, costly, and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The conflict was intensified by the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • Rosa Parks refuses her seat

    Rosa Parks refuses her seat
    Contrary to some reports, Parks wasn't physically tired and was able to leave her seat. She refused on principle to surrender her seat because of her race, which was required by the law in Montgomery at the time. Parks was briefly jailed and paid a fine.
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    Counterculture Movement

    The 1960s to mid-1970s counterculture generation was an era of change in identity, family unit, sexuality, dress, and the arts. It was a time when youth rejected social norms and exhibited their disapproval of racial, ethnic, and political injustices through resistance, and for some subgroups, revolt.
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    Bay of pigs invasion

    Launched from Guatemala, the attack went wrong almost from the start. Components of Brigade 2506 landed at the Bay of Pigs on April 17, 1961 and were defeated within 2 days by Cuban armed forces under the direct command of Castro.
  • The building of the Berlin Wall

    The building of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall became the symbol of the Cold War and a tangible manifestation of the world's separation into two distinct ideological blocs. Map from the era, illustrating Berlin's division between the Allied forces.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
  • The Limited Test Ban Theory

    The Limited Test Ban Theory
    On August 5, 1963, the Limited Test Ban Treaty was signed by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. After Senate approval, the treaty that went into effect on October 10, 1963, banned nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water.
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    Johnson's presidency

    Lyndon B. Johnson's tenure as the 36th president of the United States began on November 22, 1963 following the assassination of President Kennedy and ended on January 20, 1969. He had been vice president for 1,036 days when he succeeded to the presidency.
  • Civil Rights act of 1964

    Civil Rights act of 1964
    In 1964, Congress passed Public Law 88-352 (78 Stat. 241). The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Provisions of this civil rights act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex, as well as, race in hiring, promoting, and firing.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
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    Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive of 1968 was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    The My Lai Massacre was an incident that occurred when American soldiers killed more than 500 unarmed South Vietnamese citizens in the village of My Lai. It occurred when Charlie Company was ordered to enter the village for a search and destroy mission.
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr

    Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr
    Martin Luther King was shot dead while standing on a balcony outside his second-floor room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. News of King’s assassination prompted major outbreaks of racial violence, resulting in more than 40 deaths nationwide and extensive property damage in over 100 American cities.
  • Robert Kennedy Assassination

    Robert Kennedy Assassination
    Senator Robert Kennedy was assassinated just five years after his brother, President John F. Kennedy had been shot. The gunman, Sirhan Sirhan, a young Palestinian angry over Kennedy's support for Israel during the Six Day War, shot the Senator in a corridor at the Los Angeles Ambassador Hotel
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    Presidency of Richard Nixon

    Richard Nixon's tenure as the 37th president of US. Nixon ended American involvement in Vietnam combat in 1973 and the military draft in the same year. His visit to china in 1972 eventually led to diplomatic relations between the two nations, and he also then concluded the Anti- Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union
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    Stonewall Riots

    The riots started when a group of police officers came to raid (shutdown) the bar. The crack down (shutdown order) was issued by the new chief of police at the time. Previously, in the past, the old police chief tolerated the operation of the bar.
  • The First man on the Moon

    The First man on the Moon
    The primary objective of Apollo 11 was to complete a national goal set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961: perform a crewed lunar landing and return to Earth. Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin were the first of 12 human beings to walk on the Moon
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminate against women; its central underlying principle is that sex should not determine the legal rights of men or women.
  • Roe VS Wade

    Roe VS Wade
    The landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling recognizing the right to abortion. In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Roe v. Wade recognized that the decision whether to continue or end a pregnancy belongs to the individual, not the government.
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    Presidency of Gerald Ford

    Gerald Ford's tenure as the 38th president of the US. As president, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, which marked move toward detente in the Cold War .
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    Jimmy Carter

    Carter reoriented U.S. foreign policy towards an emphasis on human rights. He continued the conciliatory late Cold War policies of his predecessors, normalizing relations with China and pursuing further Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with the Soviet Union.
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    Presidency Of Ronald Reagan

    In his first term, Reagan implemented "Reaganomics", which involved economic deregulation and cuts in both taxes and government spending during a period of stagflation. He escalated an arms race with the Soviet Union and transitioned Cold War policy from detente to rollback.
  • The tearing down of the Berlin Wall

    The tearing down of the Berlin Wall
    It was on 9 November 1989, five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East German leaders had tried to calm mounting protests by loosening the borders, making travel easier for East Germans
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in several areas, including employment, transportation, public accommodations, communications and access to state and local government' programs and services.
  • The Soviet Union disbanded

    The Soviet Union disbanded
    The dissolution of the Soviet Union was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full independence on 26 December 1991.