Civil War Timeline

  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. It was an island fortification located near the middle of the Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The battle was significant because it was the first in the Civil War, the first shots were fired after the Confederates bombed the base, which led to the first Union vs. Confederate confrontation in battle.
  • Union Naval Blockade

    Union Naval Blockade
    The Union Naval Blockade was as said in the name, a naval blockade made by the Union to block off the Confederates from trading and getting supplies. This was a genius move since the only ships faster than the blockade navy were too small to carry enough ammunition, guns, or product to really make any difference.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    This was the first major land battle of the Civil War. It started when 35,000 Union soldiers marched down to a Confederate force of 20,000 at Bull Run. The Confederates won the battle leading the Union to heavily retreat.
  • Trent Affair

    Trent Affair
    The Trent Affair happened when the U.S Navy captured 2 Confederate convoys on a British ship, this led Britain to protest which almost caused a war between the 2. It was resolved after the 2 convoys were released from jail.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This was a very important win for the Union because it halted the Confederates from moving up North into Union territory. It also led president Lincoln to issue the Preliminary Emancipation
  • Issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation September 22, 1862

    Issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation September 22, 1862
    Lincoln stated that if the rebels did not end fighting and rejoin the Union by January 1st, 1863, then all slaves in the rebels states would be free.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    This was an important battle because it was the first instance that a battle was fought in an urban area during the Civil War. It ended with the Union winning and taking Fredericksburg.
  • Vicksburg Campaign

    Vicksburg Campaign
    The Vicksburg campaign was a important Union victory that cemented Ulysses S. Grant as a important Union general.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major victory for the Confederates but it came with a huge loss. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson died during battle, who was one of the smartest and greatest generals in the Confederacy.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The battle of Gettysburg was important because it completely stopped the confederates from battling on Northern land.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Address was spoken by Lincoln, this speech was one of his most famous and it adressed the dead and wounded from the Gettysburg battle.
  • Overland Campaign May

    Overland Campaign May
    Although it was a Union victory, Grant lost 55,000 men which got him the nickname "the butcher"
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea November

    Sherman’s March to the Sea November
    Union soldiers stole food and burned houses of pro confederate civilians on their way down south.
  • Appomattox Campaign

    Appomattox Campaign
    The campaign ended with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
  • Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox

    Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox
    Robert E. Lee surrendered.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh was a major win for the Union. It gave them control of the Mississippi River Valley. Although this was a victory, it was one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War.