Atomic Theory

  • John Dalton

    John Dalton
    John Dalton spherical solid atoms based upon measurable properties of mass.
  • William Crookes

    William Crookes
    Discovered cathode rays could, travel in straight lines from the cathode, cause glass to fluoresce, impart a negative charge to objects they strike, are deflected by electric fields and magnets to suggest a negative charge.
  • Eugen Goldstein

    Eugen Goldstein
    He discovered that atoms had positive charges.
  • G.J Stoney

    G.J Stoney
    Discovered that electricity was made of discrete negative particles he called Electrons.
  • Dmitri Mendeleev

    Dmitri Mendeleev
    Put the elements in rows and columns
  • J. J. Thomson

    J. J. Thomson
    He changed the view of the atom with his discovery of the electron. Thomson's work suggested that the atom was not an indivisible particle.
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Ernest Rutherford
    J.J Thomson imagined that atom had a structure of small clumps, that were negatively charged electrons. But Eugen proved Thomson wrong. He also discovered that while most of the alpha particles passed right through the gold foil, a small number of alpha particles passed through at an angle
  • Neils Bohr

    Neils Bohr
    Discovered an explanation of atomic structure that underlies regularities of the periodic table of elements. His atomic model had atoms built up of sucessive orbital shells of electrons.
  • James Chadwick

    James Chadwick
    James discovered a third type of subatomic particle, which he named the neutron. Neutrons help stabilize the protons in the atom's nucleus.