Atom's Timeline

  • 1780's Lavoisier's start

    1780's, Lavoisier ushered in a new chemical era by making careful quantitative measurements which allowed the compositions of compounds to be determined with accuracy.
  • Law of define proportions

    By 1799 data had been accumulated for Proust to establish the Law of Constant Composition ( also called the Law of Definite Proportions)
  • Creation Of Daltons Theory

    Dalton noted that oxygen and carbon combined to make two compounds. Of course, each had its own particular weight ratio of oxygen to carbon (1.33:1 and 2.66:1), but also, for the same amount of carbon, one had exactly twice as much oxygen as the other. This led him to propose the Law of Simple Multiple Proportions, which was later verified by the Swedish chemist Berzelius. In an attempt to explain how and why elements would combine with one another in fixed ratios and sometimes also in multiple
  • Death of dalton

    Dalton dies
  • Electrons

    Thomson, in 1897, was the first to suggest that the fundamental unit was over 1000 times smaller than an atom, suggesting the subatomic particles now known as electrons. Thomson discovered this through his explorations on the properties of cathode rays. Thomson made his suggestion on 30 April 1897 following his discovery that Lenard rays could travel much further through air than expected for an atom-sized particle
  • Potassium

    In 1905 Thomson discovered the natural radioactivity of potassium.
  • nobel peace prize

    Thomson was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the electron and for his work on the conduction of electricity in gases
  • Electrons per atom

    In 1906 Thomson demonstrated that hydrogen had only a single electron per atom. Previous theories allowed various numbers of electrons
  • Neils Bohr's theory

    , Niels Bohr proposed a theory for the hydrogen atom based on quantum theory that energy is transferred only in certain well defined quantities. Electrons should move around the nucleus but only in prescribed orbits. When jumping from one orbit to another with lower energy, a light quantum is emitted. Bohr's theory could explain why atoms emitted light in fixed wavelengths.
  • Found first non-radioactive element

    Thomson is also credited with finding the first evidence for isotopes of a stable (non-radioactive) element in 1913 as part of his exploration into the composition of canal rays (positive ions) and with the invention of the mass spectrometer.