Aaron J Binder - Computer History

  • Charles Babbage

    Charles Babbage
    Designed the first automatic calculator. His date of birth was given in his obituary in The Times as 26 December 1792; but then a nephew wrote to say that Babbage was born one year earlier, in 1791.
  • Herman Hollerith

    Herman Hollerith
    was the first to take the punch card idea into computing. He was the founder of the Tabulating Machine Company that later merged to become IBM.
  • Z1 Computer

    Z1 Computer
    1st freely programmable computer in the world. This computer was destroyed in the bombardment of Berlin in December 1943, during World War II, together with all construction plans.
  • Eniac

    developed to calculate the settings used for weapons. It was actually financed by the US Army.
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    1st Generation Computers

    Were the last to use vaccum tubes to store data. It took up an entire room.
  • Univac

    1st commercially successful electronic digital computer. The computer predicted an Eisenhower landslide when traditional pollsters all called it for Adlai Stevenson.
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    2nd Generation Computers

    computers than ran off the ENIAC program. Diode and transistor technology formed the basis of the electronic switches and the switching time came down to around 0.3 microseconds.
  • Jack Kilby

    Jack Kilby
    Invented the world's first integrated software. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics on December 10, 2000.To congratulate him, US President Bill Clinton wrote, "You can take pride in the knowledge that your work will help to improve lives for generations to come."
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    3rd Generation Computers

    computers in the early integrated circuit. n this era, there were several innovations in various fields of computer technology. These include Integrated Circuits (ICs), Semiconductor Memories, Microprogramming, various patterns of parallel processing and introduction of Operating Systems and time-sharing. In the Integrated Circuit, division there was gradual progress.

    first basic language for computer programs. The acronym BASIC comes from the name of an unpublished paper by Thomas Kurtz.
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    4th Generation Computers

    computers that used the micrprocessor chip. Core memories now were replaced by semiconductor memories and high-speed vectors dominated the scenario.
  • Altair Computer

    Altair Computer
    marked the start of personal computer boom. The first time it was run, it displayed "READY" then Allen typed "PRINT 2+2" and it immediately printed the correct answer: "4".
  • Steve Jobs

    Steve Jobs
    Worked on the famous video game Atari. He also was the founder of Apple. Jobs also co-founded and served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, when Disney acquired Pixar.
  • Wordstar

    First word processing program.
  • Visicalc

    first electronic spreadsheet application
  • Osborne Computer

    Osborne Computer
    first portable computer. It is now classified as a luggage computer.
  • Pagemaker

    1st desktop publishing GUI.
  • Excel

    One of the 1st spreadsheets to use GUI
  • Bill Gates

    Bill Gates
    Was the co-founder of Micrsoft. Gates wrote the school's computer program to schedule students in classes. He modified the code so that he was placed in classes with "a disproportionate number of interesting girls."
  • Mosaic

    allowed users to view multimedia on the web. Web browsers such as Mosaic became the killer applications of the 1990s.
  • Apple II

    Apple II
    featured color, sound, and an optional floppy disk. The first were assembled in Silicon Valley.
  • Netscape

    became a predominant player in browser software.
  • GUI

    allowed users to interact with the computer at an easier rate. Found in MP3's and other portable media