VV Guiseppe Verdi 1813-1901

  • Father Carlo Giuseppe Verdi Inn & Sm Farm Own

  • Mother Luigia Uttini Spinner

  • Born in Roncole Duchy of Parma Italy

    Full name Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi in the community of Le Roncole, near Busseto in the provence of Parma, Italy. Carlo Giuseppe Verdi and Luigia Uttini were the parents, Father and Mother respectively. Lugia was a spinner and Carlo was an innkepper.
  • Spinet Lessons

  • Paid Organist in Bussetto Church

    Developed musical talents as an alter boy at the local church, also learned to play the organ. Became a paid organist at the age of eight.
  • Prof Music Education in Milan Conservatory

    Attended a Ginnasio ran by Don Pietro Seletti. Began lessons with Ferdinando Provesi.
  • Bussetto's Antonio Barezzi Becomes 2nd Father

  • Became the Leader of the Local Philharmonic

  • First Public Performance

    A local merchant and music lover of Verdi's, Antonio Barezzi, gave him the opportunity to give his first public performance at Barezzi's home.
  • Studies with Vincenzo Lavigna Assoc of La Scala

  • Period: to

    First Marriage- Margherita Barezzi

    Antonio Barezzi's daughter, Margherita, fell in love with Verdi after teaching her music at her home.
  • Verdi's 'A'

  • Period: to

    Birth and Subsequent Death of First Child, Virginia Maria Luigia Verdi

  • Period: to

    Birth and Subsequent Death of Second Child, Icilio Romano Verdi

  • Guiseppina Strepponi Stars in Oberto

  • Oberto First Opera Perf at La Scala

    First opera Verdi wrote, it is a 2 act opera that was for an italian libretto, presumed to be Rocester, written over a period of 4 years and performed in Milan. Premiered at La Scala
    Important Arias: “Ciel che feci.
  • Death of First Wife Margherita

    Verdi's first wife passed away from encephalitis at the age of 26.
  • Un Giorno di Regno

    Famously named King for a Day, this opera is the 2nd one Verdi premiered, 2 act opera this was intended originally for bohemian composer Adalbert Gyrowets. After the success of his first, this opera was part of a 3 opera commission granted by La Scala.
    Important Arias: “Se dee cader la vedova.”
    This opera flopped, which almost demoralized him entirely.
  • Strepponi Creates Abigaille and Stars In Nabucco

  • Nabucco, Famous Aria 'Va, Pensiero'

    Four act opera, composed by Verdi for Temistocle Solera, the opera is based on the biblical story of Jermiah and Danial, Performed at La Scala, this specific opera is what established Verdis reputation as a brilliant opera composer.
    Important Arias: “Dio di Giuda!,” “Salgo gia del trono aurato,” “Anch io dischiuso un giorno.”
  • I Lombardi alla Prima Crociata

    Compared to the popularity of Nabucco, Lombardii was equally successful but critics were first to say it didn't live up to Nabucco's cultural impact. However it still solidified Verdi as one of the best opera composers of his time, this one was the first grand opera by Verdi.
    Important Arias: “La mia letizia infondere
  • Purchased Sant 'Agata Near Bussetto

  • Ernani

    Considered to be the most popular at the time, this opera was based on the play Hernani by Victor Hugo. Took a while to make because of the lack of ideas and subject matter, this opera stated to be based on Hernani, allowing for a tenor singer for the main character. This is also the first opera commissioned outside of Milan, as well as being the first opera recorded in its entirety
    Important Arias: “Ernani involami,” “Infelice e tuo credevi,” “Infin che un brando vindice,” “Gran Dio!”
  • I Due Foscari

    A 3 act opera, coming from the success of Ernani, due Foscari is praised by how Verdi managed to fit in a large scale opera, including various theartics to further create an immersed dynamic experience. In part, this opera managed to become his top grossing opera till his release of Trovatore
    Important Arias: “Dal piu remoto esilio.”
  • Giovanna D'Arco

    7th opera in Verdi's catalogue, translating to Joan of Arc, GDA was written during the fall and winter of 1844, ran into some controversy because there already existed another play using the same name released in 1832. Verdi is said to have reached out to inform the other composer that he did not attempt to plagiarize his work, to which both agreed.
    Important Arias: “Sotto una quercia parvemi.”
  • Alzira

    Alzira was the 8th opera produced by Verdi, based on the famous author Voltaire, named after the novel. Unlike the previous operas, this one was received with mixed reviews, largely part because Verdi himself was rushed to complete it.
    Important Arias: “Eterna la memoria.”
  • Attila

    Having been inspired by the romantic play, Verdi decided to include the play and morph it into an opera. Verdi also recruited Francesco Piave, who he had worked with on some earlier work; the opera was largely inspired by Germanic literature, having influences from the forest/wild.
    Important Arias: “Mentre gonfiarsi l'anima,” “E gettata la mia sorte,” “Dagli immortali vertici.”
  • Falls in Love with Strepponi in Paris

  • Macbeth

    Based on the extremely famous play by Shakespeare, this opera is a 4 act composed by Verdi and Piave, this was a very significant opera for Verdi being his 10th project. At this time, Verdi has established his reputation of being a dedicated composer to his craft, it only came before his most impressive work, as such, Macbeth has personal significance being a great fan of Shakespeare. Being stated that macbeth was written during an era he dubbed as the Galley Years.
  • I masnadieri Commissioned from London

    At this time of this operas release, Verdi has massive availability to work, as many opera houses wanted an opera by Verdi. After going back and forth in Italy about his next work and how it would be made and times to release, Verdi was giving a choice to go to London. With Macbeth being the main opera in Italy due availability of suitable bass’s, London would be key for this piece.
    Important Arias: “Tu del mio Carlo al seno.”
  • Jerusalem Commissioned from Paris

    An adaptation and French trasnlation of Lombardi. This came into fruition from the Academie Royale de Musique, initially saying no to them in the past, they kept reaching out to him with growing demand for his work in France. Major changes were made on this opera that differ from Lombardi, including setting the french in the First Crusade conflict, changing names from italian to french and some of the technical singing roles were changed to the french taste.
  • Il corsaro

    Based on Lord Byron’s poem The Corsair, the opera concerns romantic human stereotypes that try to stand up against Nature. Verdi was hardly involved in the production of this opera and was mostly anxious to get rid of his contractual obligations. It is rarely performed.
    Important Arias: “Tutto parea sorridere,” “Sì, di Corsari il fulmine,” “Non so le tetre immagini.”
  • La Battagila di Leguano Risorgimento React

    Based on the play La Bataille de Toulouse, the opera was “Conceived in the springtime of Italian hopes.” It is a patriotic work, written at a time of conflict between Italy and Austria. Within days of Battaglia's totally sold-out premiere, Rome had become a republic. The premiere was received with great enthusiasm.
    Important Arias: “La pia materna mano.”
  • Luisa Miller

    Based on the play “Kabale und Liebe” by Schiller, the opera is regarded as the beginning of the composer's middle period. The score for this bourgeois tragedy was written from Verdi’s hometown of Busseto after he returned there from Paris. Verdi’s bad experience dealing with the authorities at the San Carlo Opera in Naples caused him never to produce another opera there.
    Important Arias: “Quando le sere al placido,” “Tu puniscimi o Signore,” “Ah! fu giusto il mio sospetto.”
  • Stiffelio

    Based on the French play “Le pasteur,” the opera focuses on modern, realistic, religious characters and subject matter. It has been much praised for avoiding or radically manipulating traditional structures. Verdi faced much religious censorship in writing this opera.
    Important Arias: “Lina pensai che un angelo.”
  • Luigia Uttini Dies

    His mother dies.
  • Rigoletto

    Rigoletto is widely considered to be the first of the operatic masterpieces of Verdi's middle-to-late career. Its tragic story revolves around the licentious Duke of Mantua, his hunch-backed court jester Rigoletto, and Rigoletto's beautiful daughter Gilda. It is based on the play “Le roi s'amuse” by Victor Hugo. Despite serious initial problems with the Austrian censors who had control over northern Italian theatres at the time, the opera had a triumphant premiere in Venice.
  • Il Trovatore

    Based on the play “El trovador” by Gutiérrez, Verdi worked on this melodrama for three years. It is considered the second of Verdi’s three mid-career masterpieces. It is still performed frequently and is a staple of the standard operatic repertoire. The composition of this opera was filled with delays, preoccupations, and illnesses. Salvadore Cammarano, the librettist, passed away before its completion, and consequently the poet Leone Emanuele Bardare completed the libretto.
  • La Traviata

    Based on “La Dame aux camélias,” the opera is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism, about a Parisian courtesan and her lovers. Verdi wanted it to be set in contemporary times, but the Venice censors demanded it be set in the past. La traviata has become immensely popular and is among the most frequently performed of all operas. This opera is the third of Verdi’s three mid-career masterpieces.
    Important Arias: “Sempre libera,” “E strano! e strano!,” “Addio del passato,”
  • Les Vepres Siciliennes Librettist Eugene Scribe

    After Jerusalem, Verdi wanted to write a new grand opera for the Paris Opera. Verdi composed the score to the revised libretto from the opera “Le duc d'Albe.” Siciliennes is a grand opera of great length and scale. The story is based on a historical event, the Sicilian Vespers of 1282, using material drawn from the medieval Sicilian tract “Lu rebellamentu di Sichilia.”
    Important Arias: “Merce dilette amiche,” “O tu Palermo,” “Arrigo ah parli a un core.”
  • Simon Boccanegra

    Based on the play “Simón Bocanegra” by Gutiérrez, the original version had a convoluted plot. The original response was poor, leading to an extensively revised version that is frequently performed today.
    Important Arias: “Il lacerato spirito,” “Come in quest ora bruna.”
  • Aroldo

    Aroldo is based on Stiffelio. Because of the heavy censorship that the latter faced, it was adapted into a four-act piece with new material, drawing inspiration from the novels of Bulwer-Lytton. It is rarely performed today.
    Important Arias: “Salvami tu gran Dio.”
  • Political Interest

    Became active in politics, using his music to promote nationalistic ideals.
  • Marries Strepponi

  • Un Ballo in Maschera

    This opera concerns the assassination in 1792 of King Gustav III of Sweden. The libretto was based on that of the opera “Gustave III, ou Le bal masque.” It underwent a series of transformations and title changes, caused by a combination of censorship regulations and the political situation in France at the time. The opera is now performed frequently.
    Important Arias: “Eri tu che macchiavi quell'anima,” “Ma se m'e forza perderti,” “Morro ma prima in grazia,”
  • Period: to

    Second Marriage- Giuseppina Strepponi

    Verdi and Strepponi met and were involved with each other since 1839, as both lover and work partner. They finally married in 1859 until her death in 1897. They had no children together.
  • Verdi Reps Italy at London Exhibition w/ Cantata

  • La Forza del Destino

    The libretto is based on Spanish drama, “Don Álvaro o la fuerza del sino” and has a scene adapted from Schiller’s “Wallensteins Lager.” Verdi revised this opera extensively over the years, his last revision becoming the opera that is frequently performed today. The overture is standard repertoire among orchestras. Over the years La forza has acquired a reputation for being cursed, following some unfortunate incidents.
    Important Arias: “La vergine degli angeli,” “Pace pace mio Dio.”
  • Carlo Guiseppe Verdi Dies

    His father dies.
  • Don Carlos

    The grand opera is based on Schiller’s play “Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien.” Its story is based on conflicts in the life of Carlos, Prince of Asturias. It is part of the standard repertory today. No other Verdi opera exists in so many versions, and it is Verdi’s longest opera at four hours.
    Important Arias: “Ella giammai m'amò,” “O Carlo ascolta,” “Tu che le vanita.”
  • Antonio Barezzi Dies

    His father in law and early patron dies.
  • Rome Replaces Florence as the Capital City

  • Aida Opens at Cairo's New Opera House

    Aida is set in Egypt and was commissioned by Cairo’s Khedivial opera house. Because the Cairo premiere was attended by mostly dignitaries and not by the general public, Verdi considered its La Scala performance Aida’s real premiere. It is performed yearly around the world.
    Important Arias: “Celeste Aida,” “O patria mia,” “Ritorna vincitor.”
  • Falls in Love with Soprano Teresa Stolz

  • Verdi's Requiem in Hon of Manzoni

  • Otello

    Based on Shakespeare’s “Othello.” Verdi was reluctant to write anything new after the success of Aida in 1871 and it took his publisher ten years to persuade him. Even then, its writing was a drawn-out and reluctant process on Verdi’s part as he had entered into retirement and a depression. It was received with great success.
    Important Arias: “ Ave Maria piena di grazia,” “Mia madre aveva una povera ancella (Willow Song),” “Credo in un Dio crudel,” “Niun mi tema,” “Piangea cantando.”
  • Verdi Purchases the Land That Would be Casa Verdi

  • Falstaff

    Falstaff is based on Shakespeare’s “The Merry Wives of Windsor,” with material adapted from “Henry IV.” . However, it was heavily defended by conductor Toscanini and is now part of the regular repertoire. In composing, Verdi was concerned about his advanced age and his ability to complete the project. However, he was delighted at the idea of writing and wrote “So let's do Falstaff! For now, let's not think of obstacles, of age, of illnesses!” It was Verdi’s last opera.
  • Verdi Commissions Camillo Boito to Construct Casa Verdi

  • Straw on Cobblestones in Respect of Verdi's Illness

  • Dies at Grand Hotel de Milan Stolz in Room

    Suffered a stroke on the 21st of January and passed away six days later.